5th century BC Celtic peoples invade the region
58-51 BC Romans conquered Celts and formed province of Gaul.
5th century AD Gaul overrun by Franks and other Germanic tribes
481-511 Frankish chief Clovis accepted Christianity and formed a kingdom based at Paris; under his succesors, the Merovingian dynasty, the kingdomw disintegrated.
751-68 Pepin the Short usurped the Frankish throne, reunified the kingdom, and founded the Carolingian dynasty.
768-814 Charlemagne conquered much of Western Europe and created the Holy Roman empire
843 Treaty of Verdun divided the Holy Roman empire into three, with the western portion corresponding to modern France
9th-10th centuries Weak central government allowed the great nobles to become virtually independent.
987 French crown passed to Hugh Capet, the Capets ruled the district around Paris, but were surrounded by vassals more powerful than themselves.
1180-1223 Philip II doubled the royal domain and tightened control over the nobles: the power of the Capets gradually extended with support of the church.
1328 When Charles IV died without an heir,Philip IV established the house of Valois
1337 Start of the Hundred years War: Edward III of england disputed the Valois succession and claimed the throne. English won victories at Crecy in 1346 and Agincourt in 1415.
1429 Joan of Arc raised the siege of Orleans, Hundred years war ended with Charles VII expelling the English in 1453.
1483 France annexed Burgundy and Brittany after Louis XI had restored royal power.
16th-17th centuries French kings fought the Hapsburgs (of Holy roman empire and spain) for supremacy in Western Europe
1562-98 Civil wars between nobles wre fought under religious leaders, Catholic versus Protestant (Hugeonot)
1589-160 Hnery IV, first king of bourbon dynasty, established peace, religious tolerance, and absolute monarchy.
1634-48 The ministers Richelieu and Marazrin, by intervening int he Thirty years War, secured Alsace and made France th eleading power in europe
1701-14 War of the Spanish Succesion, england,Austria and allies checked exapnsionism of France under Louis XIV
1756-63 Seven Years War: France lost most of its colonies in India and Canada to Britain
1789 French Revolution abolished absolute monarchy and feudalism, First Republic proclaimed and revolutionary wars begin 1792
1799 Napoleon Bonaparte seized power in coup, crowned himself emperor 1894, FRance conquered much of europe.
1814 Defeat of France, restoration of Bourbon monarchy, combeakc by Napoleon defeated at Waterloo in 1815
1830 Liberal revoluton deposed Charles X in favour of his cousin Louis Philippe 'the citizen king'.
1848 Revolution established Second Republic, conflict between liberals and Socialists; Louis Napoleone, nephew of Napoleon I, elected President
1852 Louis Napoleon proclaimed Second empire, taking title Napoleon III.
1870-71 Franco-Prussian war, France lost Alsace-Lorraine, Second empire abolished, Paris commune crushed. Third Republic founded.
late 19th century France colonised Indochina, much of North Africa, and Sout Pacific
1914-1918 France resisted German invasion in World War I, Alsace-Lorraine recovered 1919.
1936-7 Left-wing popular from government of Leon blum introduced many social reforms
1939 France entered World War II.
1940 Germany invaded and occupied northern France, Marshal Petain forms right-wing puppet regime at Vichy, resistance maintained by Maquis and Free French, Germans occupied all France 1942
1944 Allies liberated France, provison government formed by General Charles de Gaulle, leader of Free French
1946 fourth Republic proclaimed
1949 Became a member of NATO, withdrew from miltiary command structure 1966.
1954 France withdrew from Indochine after eight years of war, start of guerilla war against French rule in Algeria.
1957 France was a founder member of the European Economic community
1958 Algerian crisis caused collapse of Foruth Republic, de Gaulle took power, becoming Presidnet of Fifth Republic 1959.
1962 Algeria ahcieved independence.
1968 May events, revolutionary student rioted in Paris, general strike throuhgout France
1982 Francois Mitterand elected fifth Republic's first socialist president.
Hutchinson Guide to the World