<3 asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 1 decade ago

The explorers Dias, de Gama, Columbus, Cortes, and Pizzaro.?

where are they from?

who did they sail for?

where did they sail?

and there accomplishments/impacts.

i was just studying for my regents and do not

knoe the answers to these. please help me [:

please include as much information as possible

THANK YOU!!!!! [:

11 Answers

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  • Connie
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Summary:

    Barthlomeu Dias: from Portugal, rounded the Cape of Good Hope (King John II of Portugal had appointed him on 10 October 1486 as the head of an expedition that was to endeavor to sail around the southern end of Africa in the hope of finding a trade route leading to Asia.)

    Vasco da Gama: 1488, from Portugal, sailed around Africa to India (King John II of Portugal)

    Cortes: 1519-1521, from Spain, invaded Mexico, conquered the Inca Empire (Charles V, king of Castile and Holy Roman Emperor)

    Pizzaro: 1532, from Spain, conquered the Inca Empire (King Ferdinand II of Spain)

    Columbus: 1492, from Spain, discovered the Americas (King Ferdinand II of Spain)

    ================================================

    PIZZARO

    Francisco Pizarro González, 1st Marqués de los Atabillos (c. 1471 or 1476 – June 26, 1541) was a Spanish conquistador, conqueror of the Inca Empire and founder of Lima, La Ciudad de los Reyes, capital of Peru. Pizarro was born in Trujillo, Extremadura, Spain.

    In 1513, he accompanied Vasco Núñez de Balboa in his crossing of the Isthmus of Panama and became the first Europeans to view the Pacific coast of the New World.

    Hearing of the fabled wealth of the Incas, he formed (1524) a partnership with Diego de Almagro and Fernando de Luque (a priest who secured funds). The first expedition reached the San Juan River, part of the present boundary between Ecuador and Colombia. On the second (1526–28), Pizarro explored the swampy coast farther south while his pilot, Bartolomé Ruiz, crossed the equator and then returned to bring definite news of the southern realms. In 1528 his partners sent him to Spain to secure aid from Emperor Charles V; he achieved this and gained for himself most of the future profits. Pizarro managed to soothe the disgruntled Almagro. Sailing south, Pizarro landed at Tumbes (1532) and ascended the Andes to Cajamarca, where the Inca, Atahualpa, awaited him. Professing friendship, he enticed Atahualpa into the power of the Spanish, seized him, exacted a stupendous ransom, and then treacherously had him executed. The conquest of Peru was virtually completed by the capture of Cuzco, which was later defended against Inca forces led by Manco Capac. Pizarro set about consolidating his conquest by founding new settlements, notably the present capital of Peru, Lima, and allotting land and Native Americans in encomienda to his followers. An attempt by Pedro de Alvarado to claim Quito was forestalled by Sebastián de Benalcázar and Almagro. Pizarro now made a pact with Almagro, whom he had cheated several times in the division of spoils, granting him the conquest of Chile. When he failed to receive the territory promised him, Almagro attempted to redress the injustice by seizing Cuzco. Pizarro sent his half brother, Hernando Pizarro, to Cuzco, and Almagro was defeated and put to death. In 1539, Francisco appointed his brother Gonzalo Pizarro governor of Quito. Francisco's greed and ambition, extreme even in a conquistador, had, however, offset his resourcefulness, courage, and cunning. By alienating the Almagro faction he paved the way for conspiracy. A band of assassins surprised him at dinner, and although he fought desperately, he was overpowered and slain.

    http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0839247.html

    CORTES

    Hernán Cortés was a Spanish explorer who is famous mainly for his march across Mexico and his conquering of the Aztec Empire in Mexico. Cortés was born in the Spanish city of Medellín in 1485. When he was a young man, he studied law, but he soon gave that up to seek his fortune in the New World that was just being discovered by Columbus and others.

    First he went to the island of Santo Domingo (now known as the Dominican Republic) in 1504. He was only 19 years old at the time. He stayed there for seven years, then took part in the Spanish conquest of Cuba in 1511. He became mayor of Santiago de Cuba and stayed there until 1518.

    Cortés was eager for more power and conquests, so he talked the Spanish governor of Cuba into letting him lead an expedition to Mexico in 1519. Mexico had just been discovered by the Spanish explorer de Córdoba a year before.

    At that time, Mexico was ruled by the Aztec Empire and its leader, Montezuma II. Cortés arrived in Mexico in March 1519 with a group of about 600 men and a few horses. He soon learned of the Aztecs and began to make his way inland to the Aztec capital city, Tenochtitlán. Along the way, he made friends with a native group called the Tlaxcalans, who were enemies of the Aztecs. The Tlaxcalans helped Cortés against the Aztecs.

    In November of 1519, Cortés and his men reached the Aztec capital and met Montezuma. The Aztecs may have thought that Cortés was a god-king, and so they treated him and his soldiers well. However, Cortés was afraid that the Aztecs might soon try to get rid of him, so he took Montezuma hostage and asked for a huge ransom of gold and jewels.

    It turned out that Cortés was right and the Aztecs finally drove him and his men out of their city in June of 1520. But Cortés regrouped and returned in the summer of 1521 to capture Tenochtitlán.

    Soon after, he began to build Mexico City on the Aztec ruins and brought many Europeans over to live there. It soon became the most important European city in North America. Because of his conquests and all the gold and jewels he had collected, Cortés was very popular back home in Spain and so he was made governor and captain general of New Spain in 1523. But he wasn't done exploring.

    In 1524, he led a group into Honduras and stayed in that area for two years. By 1528, the Spanish government was worried that Cortés was getting out of control in the Americas, and so he had to give up his governor's job and was sent back to Spain. He spoke to the king, who was persuaded to send Cortés back to Mexico in 1530, but with less power and freedom than before.

    In 1536, Cortés explored the northwestern part of Mexico and discovered the Baja California peninsula. He also spent time exploring the Pacific coast of Mexico. This was the last major expedition by Cortés. In 1539, he went back to Spain, and spent much of the rest of his life there before he died near Seville in 1547.

    http://library.thinkquest.org/4034/cortes.html

    VASCO da GAMA

    The Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama led an expedition at the end of the 15th century that opened the sea route to India by way of the Cape of Good Hope at the southern tip of Africa.

    He was born about 1460 at Sines. He was a gentleman at court when he was chosen to lead the expedition to India.

    Many years of Portuguese exploration down the West African coast had been rewarded when Bartolomeu Dias rounded the Cape of Good Hope in 1488. The Portuguese then planned to send a fleet to India for spices and to outflank the Muslims in Africa. Vasco da Gama was placed in command of the expedition.

    Four ships left Lisbon on July 8, 1497--the Sao Gabriel, on which da Gama sailed, the Sao Rafael, the Berrio, and a storeship. They stopped in the Cape Verde Islands; from there they did not follow the coast, as earlier expeditions had, but stood well out to sea. They reached the Cape of Good Hope region on November 7.

    The ships rounded the Cape on November 22. The expedition stopped on the East African coast, broke up the storeship, and reached Mozambique on Mar. 2, 1498. There they were assumed to be Muslims, and the sultan of Mozambique supplied them with pilots, who guided them on their journey northward. They stopped in Mombasa and Malindi before sailing to the east.

    They crossed the Indian Ocean in 23 days, aided by the Indian pilot Ibn Majid, and reached Calicut on May 20, 1498. The local ruler, the Zamorin, welcomed the Portuguese, who at first thought that the Indians, actually Hindus, were Christians.

    After one further stop on the Indian coast, the Portuguese set out to return with a load of spices. They took three months to recross the Indian Ocean, however, and so many men died of scurvy that one of the ships, the Sao Rafael, was burned for lack of a crew. The expedition made a few stops in East Africa before rounding the Cape of Good Hope on Mar. 20, 1499. The ships were separated off West Africa in a storm and reached Portugal at different times. Da Gama stopped in the Azores and finally reached Lisbon on Sept. 9, 1499.

    Da Gama's success led to the dispatch of another Portuguese fleet, commanded by Pedro Alvares Cabral. Some of the men Cabral left in India were massacred, so King Manuel ordered da Gama to India again. He was given the title of admiral and left Portugal in February 1502 with 20 ships. Da Gama's mission was a success, and the fleet returned to Lisbon in October 1503.

    Da Gama then settled in Portugal, married, and raised a family. He may have served as an advisor to the Portuguese crown and was made a count in 1519. King John III sent him to India in 1524 as viceroy, but he soon became ill and died in Cochin on Dec. 24, 1524.

    http://library.thinkquest.org/4034/dagama.html

    DIAS

    The first European to see the stormy Cape of Good Hope at the southern tip of Africa was Bartholomew Diaz (or Dias), a courageous Portuguese sea captain and explorer. Diaz was one of the great Portuguese seamen who helped find the southeastern water route between western Europe and Asia.

    As a youth Diaz entered the hazardous gold and ivory trade along the African Gold Coast and rose to the rank of captain. At this time the Italian cities were growing rich on their trade with India and the Far East. Portugal and other European nations were eager for a share of this trade. However, the Italians controlled the Mediterranean, which was the chief trade route to the East. The Portuguese dreamed of finding an all-water route around Africa. The groundwork was laid by Prince Henry, who had sent ships on voyages down the African coast.

    Source(s): (continued) Exploration continued under his nephew, King John II. When Diego Cam (or Cao) returned to Portugal with word that he had sailed past the mouth of the Congo River, John planned to send another expedition to sail even closer to the southern end of the continent. He chose Diaz to lead the venture. With two caravels and a storeship Diaz left Lisbon in August 1487. He sailed straight from Cape Palmas to the mouth of the Congo, then kept close to the coast until he reached Cabo da Volta (present-day Luderitz). About New Year's Day 1488 a gale hit his ships and blew them southward, past the southernmost tip of land. After 13 days he managed to turn east, but found no sheltering shore. Turning north, he sighted Mossel Bay, beyond the Cape of Good Hope. Unknowingly and out of sight of land, he had rounded the cape. Almost at the entrance to the Indian Ocean, Diaz' crew, weary and afraid, virtually forced him to turn back. On the return voyage he charted the southern waters, and in May 1488 he saw the Cape of Good Hope for the first time. Diaz called it Cabo Tormentoso--"stormy cape." Diaz was welcomed home in December 1488. The task that he began was completed ten years later by Vasco da Gama, who sailed around the Cape of Good Hope and on to India. Diaz supervised the building of Da Gama's ships. In 1500 Diaz sailed as one of the captains in a large fleet headed by Pedro Alvares Cabral. Their destination was India, but they made a wide sweep into the South Atlantic and touched on the shores of Brazil. Then they headed southeastward and encountered fierce storms. Four ships went down, and all on board, including Diaz, were drowned. http://www.thepirateking.com/bios/dias_bartholomeu...
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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Dias is from Portugal, so is Da Gama. The rest are from Spain except for Columbus who's Italian.

    Columbus and the other Spaniards worked for Spain, the other ones worked for Portugal.

    Dias went to India, De Gama tried to go there as well.

    Columbus explored the Carribbean, Cortes conquered Mexico and Pizarro conquered Peru.

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  • Anonymous
    3 years ago

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  • Randi
    Lv 4
    4 years ago

    For the best answers, search on this site https://shorturl.im/3lrGl

    Barthlomeu Dias: from Portugal, rounded the Cape of Good Hope (King John II of Portugal had appointed him on 10 October 1486 as the head of an expedition that was to endeavor to sail around the southern end of Africa in the hope of finding a trade route leading to Asia.) Vasco da Gama: 1488, from Portugal, sailed around Africa to India (King John II of Portugal) Cortes: 1519-1521, from Spain, invaded Mexico, conquered the Inca Empire (Charles V, king of Castile and Holy Roman Emperor) Pizzaro: 1532, from Spain, conquered the Inca Empire (King Ferdinand II of Spain) Columbus: 1492, from Spain, discovered the Americas (King Ferdinand II of Spain)

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  • 3 years ago

    Define Vasco Da Gama

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  • urbano
    Lv 4
    3 years ago

    Vasco Da Gama Definition

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    3 years ago

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    3 years ago

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  • 4 years ago

    This Site Might Help You.

    RE:

    The explorers Dias, de Gama, Columbus, Cortes, and Pizzaro.?

    where are they from?

    who did they sail for?

    where did they sail?

    and there accomplishments/impacts.

    i was just studying for my regents and do not

    knoe the answers to these. please help me [:

    please include as much information as possible

    THANK YOU!!!!! [:

    Source(s): explorers dias de gama columbus cortes pizzaro: https://shortly.im/X4Jat
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