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GROUP DECISION MAKING

The belief-characterized by juries-that two heads are better than one has long been accepted as a basic component of North American and many other countries’ legal systems. This belief has expanded to the point that, today, many decisions in organizations are made by groups, teams, or committees.

Groups Versus the Individual

Decision-making groups may be widely use in organizations, but does that imply that group decisions are preferable to those made by an individual alone? The answer to this question depends on a number of factors. Let’s begin by looking at the strengths and weaknesses of group decision making.

Strengths of Group Decision Making

Groups generate more complete information and knowledge. By aggregating the resources of several individuals, groups bring more input into the decision process. In addition to more input, groups can bring heterogeneity to the decision process. They offer increase diversity of views. This opens up the opportunity for approaches and alternatives to be considered. In addition, groups lead to increased acceptance of a solution. Many decisions fail after the final choice is made because people don’t accept the solution. Group members who participated in making a decision are likely to enthusiastically to enthusiastically support the decision and encourage others to accept it.

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  • Leo
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    GROUP DECISION MAKING群體決策

    The belief-characterized by juries-that two heads are better than one has long been accepted as a basic component of North American and many other countries’ legal systems. This belief has expanded to the point that, today, many decisions in organizations are made by groups, teams, or committees.

    在北美和許多其他國家的司法系統都-致接受長久以來一般群眾單純的認為兩個腦袋一定比一個腦袋強當成是一個基本信念。這個信念已經擴展到,今天,許多決策都是經由群體、小組或委員會作出。

    Groups Versus the Individual 群體和個體

    Decision-making groups may be widely use in organizations, but does that imply that group decisions are preferable to those made by an individual alone? The answer to this question depends on a number of factors. Let’s begin by looking at the strengths and weaknesses of group decision making.

    群體決策可能廣泛地在組織裡被使用,但是那是否暗示群體決策比那些個人決策受歡迎?這個問題的答案取決於一些因素。讓我們從檢視群體決策的優勢和弱點開始。

    Strengths of Group Decision Making 群體決策的優勢

    Groups generate more complete information and knowledge. By aggregating the resources of several individuals, groups bring more input into the decision process. In addition to more input, groups can bring heterogeneity to the decision process. They offer increase diversity of views. This opens up the opportunity for approaches and alternatives to be considered. In addition, groups lead to increased acceptance of a solution. Many decisions fail after the final choice is made because people don’t accept the solution. Group members who participated in making a decision are likely to enthusiastically support the decision and encourage others to accept it.

    群體可以產生更完整的資料和知識。藉由匯集一些個人的資源,群體可以帶入更多的資訊進入決策過程。除了更多的資料輸入之外,群體能夠把各個不同的意見帶入決策程序。它們可以提供各個不同角度的視野。這樣可以開啟考慮各種方法和對策的機會。除此之外,群體決策會帶來增加對解決方案接受度的效益。有許多決策在最後決定下了之後失敗是因為人們不接受解決的方案。群體組員參與決策之後一般會很熱心的去支持這個決策而且鼓勵其他的組員去接受它。

  • 1 decade ago

    小組決策

    信念-被陪審團描述的特徵-那一個兩個腦袋比一個腦袋強長久以來被認為是一個北美和許多其他的國家的合法系統的基本成份。 這信念已經扼要擴大哪一,今天,組織的許多決定被小組、小組或委員會作出。

    小組和個體比較

    決策的小組可能廣泛地是組織的使用,但是那暗示小組決定對那些是較好的哪一個獨自地被一個個體作出? 這一個疑問的答案仰賴一些因素。 讓我們開始審查小組決策的力量和弱點。

    小組決策的力量

    小組產生更多的完全資料和知識。 藉由聚集一些個體的資源,小組帶更多的輸入進入決定程序。 除了更多的輸入之外,小組能帶著異種到決定程序。 他們提出增加視野的不同。 這為方法和要考慮的替代選擇打開機會。 除此之外,小組導致對解決方案的增加接受度。 因為人不接受解決方案,所以最後一選擇後的許多決定不及格被作出。 聚集參與的成員作決定可能到熱心地熱心地支持決定而且鼓勵其他者接受它。

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