If Hadiths were written 200 years after the time of Muhammad (S.A.W)?
How do we know they're real?
How do we know they're true?
Can somebody please clear this for me?
- Anonymous1 decade agoBest Answer
Not all hadith were written 200 years after!
Stages of Recording Hadith!
During the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad, he used to teach his Sunnah using three methods: verbal, written (dictation to scribes), and practical demonstration.
As far as the first method is concerned, the Prophet used to repeat important things three times and then listen to what the Companions had learned from him. The second method includes all the letters of the Prophet to kings inviting them to Islam, and to Muslim governors detailing the rules of zakah and other legal matters.
Likewise, Prophet Muhammad taught his Companions how to perform ablution, prayer, fasting, pilgrimage, and so on. This represents the third method of teaching the Sunnah by the Prophet.
The Companions played an important role in learning and teaching the Hadith of Prophet Muhammad. They used all three methods applied by Prophet Muhammad to teach the Sunnah, and they committed hadiths of the Prophet to memory.
Writing Down the Hadith
In Hadith literature, there are hadiths that forbid and others that permit the writing down of hadiths, which often causes a confusion for some people.
Prophet Muhammad once said,
"Do not write from me anything except the Qur'an and whosoever has written anything from me other than the Qur'an should erase it." (Al-Bukhari)
By this hadith Prophet Muhammad actually meant that nothing should be written with the Qur'an on the same sheet, as this might lead to mixing the text of the Qur'an with that of the Hadith. This command was given when the Qur'an was being revealed piecemeal and was still incomplete.
Another interpretation of the hadith is that it was forbidden to write down hadiths in early days because all attention was to be paid to the Qur'an and its preservation.
Then later on, when there was no fear of abandoning the Qur'an, the previous order was abrogated and the Companions were permitted to write down hadiths. On the other hand, there is evidence that Prophet Muhammad approved of writing down his hadiths.
Many Companions recorded hadiths. For example, `Abdullah ibn `Amr was permitted and even encouraged by Prophet Muhammad to write down Hadith. In addition, some 50 Companions and many followers are said to have possessed manuscripts (sahifah, Arabic plural suhuf), which was used as a term to designate compendia of Hadith that emerged during the century before the formation of the classical collections.
The original manuscripts have been lost, but a very few copies have survived. An example is the manuscript of Hammam ibn Munabbih, who learned from Abu Hurairah and from him he wrote his manuscript which contains 138 hadiths. This manuscript is believed to have been written down around the middle of the first century after the Hijrah (seventh century CE).
In the beginning of the second Hijri century, during the reign of `Umar ibn `Abdul-`Aziz, the texts of Hadith were committed to writing. The Sunnah was collected in Syria, Egypt, Iraq, Yemen, and Khurasan. Leading theologians uttered some statements warning against unscrupulous reporters and their unreliable reports.
Imam Malik was the first to undertake the comprehensive and systematic compilation of Hadith. His work is known as Al-Muwatta' (The Trodden Path). Later, other compilations came into existence.
In this regard, it is important to note that there are two kinds of compilations: musnad and musannaf. In musnad collections, hadiths are arranged alphabetically under the names of the Companions on whose authority these hadiths were reported. An example of this kind is the Musnad of Ibn Hanbal .
In musannaf collections, hadiths are recorded under various headings dealing with juridical subjects such as the compilations of Al-Bukhari , Muslim, An-Nasa'i, Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi, and Ibn Majah .
Evolution of the Science of Hadith
As time passed, many hadiths appeared due to several reasons. Some of these hadiths were not authentic. Therefore, it was necessary to sift out the authentic from the fabricated. The task was not that easy for early scholars to develop a tool by which they could regulate such immense Hadith literature.
The rules and criteria developed by Hadith scholars regulating their study of Hadith were meticulous. However, some of their terminology varied from person to person, and their principles began to be systematically written down, albeit scattered among various books, for example, the Risalah of Ash-Shafi`i, the introduction to the Sahih of Muslim, and the Jami` of At-Tirmidhi.
Many of the criteria of early Hadith scholars, such as Al-Bukhari, were deduced by later scholars from a careful study of which reporters or isnads (chains of transmission) were accepted or rejected by them.
In this way, the science of Hadith (mustalah al-hadith) emerged. It was the purpose of this science to sift, organize, develop, and systemize earlier material.
Scholars put forward theories, expanded biographical works of all generations, made full and well-defined classification of narrators and hadiths, and subjected works of leading compilers to vigorous scrutiny, sparing not even Al-Bukhari and Muslim.Source(s): http://www.readingislam.com/
- 4 years ago
Rules Governing The Criticism Of Hadith
- 6 years ago
Answers to religious questions can have a varied response. That is why there are so many faiths and sects. In Islam what is rejected by the Sunnis is accepted by the Shias. What one should look for is evidence that backs a view or fact. Much of religion is opinion. Regarding the hadiths the prophet would not be happy anyone contradicting or challenging what He preached. There are many hadiths that do precisely that, Just like people that opposed his message at the beginning. The defense that the Jews and Christians planted some is utter nonsense. The fact is for many centuries they have been held to be true. There is nothing wrong writing events as history but to give the writings a divine backing is another case. People generally look for answers to support their practices even if they are out dated and not relevant. Lack of access to resources and proper education produces the cultures you have that are governed by hadtihs as in, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh and backward parts of other nations. In these countries followers of narrow minded mullahs using the hadiths still pray to dead bodies in Dhurbars. This is contrary to the main ethos or doctrine of being a Muslim that only God is to be worshiped. Many Muslims did not abandon their out dated indigenous customs but incorporated them into Islam and wrote hadiths to administer them. The hadiths also filled the purpose of a changing society that required new laws and rules to meet their needs. Contradictions occur as not all leaders were scholars and not aware what is already written, they simply added their own versions to suit their way of life. All hadiths rules came into being in response to events and issues of those times. There is so much talk of dates, water, tents, camels, sheep and sand. And threats if you do not obey you will not enter heaven! This is why many hadiths contradict the Koran as the narrators were more likely to be illiterate and not in tune with the societies long term policies. The koran gave women rights which the rulers to this day use the hadiths to deny them most basic human access to education and employment. We can use Hadiths like any written work as an historical resource to gain insight of those periods but not as divine rules: one should let common sense prevail. A lot of scriptures are interpreted as they no longer are relevant and have been proven to be incorrect. Just look at the medical advice, its comparable to the African voodoo and witchcraft. Most of the remedies of those periods will cause you more harm than good. If you take the trouble of reading the hadiths like I have you will discover for yourself the inconsistencies written by people with lesser education and awareness than yourself. If you find any reading that can not be correct, you can always have it interpreted by a mullah to suit your opinions and expectations?. That is why you require a group of scholars and mullahs to follow you in your daily life to clarify incorrect hadiths what they really mean. The simple rule is, take advice that is useful and ignore all else.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
There is something called Isnad(Sanad)...it is the chain of narrations......
through which distinguish between Authentic and unauthentic Hadith..........
Like Nafi(R.A) said that Ibn-Umar said that Prophet Muhammad(pbuh) said that "Do opposite of what Christians and Jews do i.e: Grow beard and cut the Mustache"......
in this Hadith......
Nafi (R.A) and Ibn Umar(R.A) are Narrators and this is called Sanad(isnad).....
if there were no narrators or weak Sahabas....
then this Hadith would be considered as weak Hadith........
and it doesn't matter when u write it after 200 years or 1000 years because they are secure by the narrators who were Sahabas(R.A) and this is the only religion which consists of such a high degree of authentication.....
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- 4 years ago
They were written after 200 years after our prophet Muhammed died, but are not 100 percent accurent
- 3 years ago
90% OF QURAN AND HADIT IS A PERJURY OF THE BIBLE . THE BID MUSLIMS USE IN THEIR PRAYER WERE COPIED FROM THE VATICAN MOVEMENT CALLED CATHOLIC CHURCH .... THE CATHOLIC COPIED THEIR BEEDS FROM HINDUISM .... ABLUTION WAS COPIED FROM THE CHRISTIANS .. JOHN 2. 1 . 11
John 2:1-11New International Version (NIV)
Jesus Changes Water Into Wine
2 On the third day a wedding took place at Cana in Galilee. Jesus’ mother was there, 2 and Jesus and his disciples had also been invited to the wedding. 3 When the wine was gone, Jesus’ mother said to him, “They have no more wine.”
4 “Woman,[a] why do you involve me?” Jesus replied. “My hour has not yet come.”
5 His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.”
6 Nearby stood six stone water jars, the kind used by the Jews for ceremonial washing, each holding from twenty to thirty gallons.[b]
7 Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water”; so they filled them to the brim.
8 Then he told them, “Now draw some out and take it to the master of the banquet.”
They did so, 9 and the master of the banquet tasted the water that had been turned into wine. He did not realize where it had come from, though the servants who had drawn the water knew. Then he called the bridegroom aside 10 and said, “Everyone brings out the choice wine first and then the cheaper wine after the guests have had too much to drink; but you have saved the best till now.”
11 What Jesus did here in Cana of Galilee was the first of the signs through which he revealed his glory; and his disciples believed in him.
John 2:4 The Greek for Woman does not denote any disrespect.
John 2:6 Or from about 75 to about 115 liters
- 3 years ago
Baadahausubilahi MinaShaetoni Rojeem, Bismilah Rahmon Raheem.What is the holy book called? Answer AL-QURAN and was memorized and written down as it is without alteration (THE BOOK OF TRUTH) there is no dispute in the words of ALLAH the Quran so do we justify our actions or deeds by Hadith and ignore the Quran? Anything written and accepted as authentic or rejected as fabrications i.e HADITHS should not in any circumstances nullify what the Quran says. ANY HADITH SHOULD BE CONSIDER AUTHENTIC IF IT DOES HAVE ANY SUPPORTING VERSE (DIVINE REVEALATION) IN THE QURAN . anything you hear or read always CROSS CHECK if it does have a supporting EVIDENCE IN THE QURAN. so the issue of authentic or fabrication would be clarify.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
The people who wrote them were truthful, trusted and were the best Muslims of their time. They were the best after the Companions of the Prophet (pbuh), who in turn were the best Muslims at the time of the Prophet for they received the sayngs of the Prophet (pbuh) by themselves.
Please correct me if I am wrong.
- 1 decade ago
well not 200, becuase aisha and fatima wrote hadiths also.
who told you 200?
that was jesus, actually people didnt write bible until many hundreds of years after isa, and teh people who wrote bible, we dont even know who they are?? we dont know what there relationship was to isa or his family nothing,
but many hadiths were written by family of muhammed and close companions.
they were trust worthey peopel, and they were sort of checked up on by peopel, in terms of their character, deen, and how tehy were as peopel... i.e trust worthey people, holy peopel etc. was not your avearge joe if thats what your thinking loool
- rubiezzLv 61 decade ago
They were passed down orally from teacher to students until they came to be written down.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
People who wrote the hadith were honest and trustworthy. They would not lie about the sayings of rasulullah (Saws).