When was Autism first discovered?
And who discovered it?
- gangadharan nairLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
Hans Asperger introduced the modern sense of the word autism in 1938.
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, and uneven intellectual development often with mental retardation. Symptoms begin in early childhood. The cause in most children is unknown, although evidence supports a genetic component; in some, autism may be caused by a medical condition. Diagnosis is based on developmental history and observation. Treatment consists of behavioral management and sometimes drug therapy.
The following organizations and links are good resources for information on autism:
Autism Society of America - www.autism-society.org Autism and PPD Support Network - www.autism-pdd.net CDC's Autism Information Center - www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities - www.cdc.gov/ncbdddSource(s): http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/medical_notes/12... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_Asperger http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec19/ch299/ch299c.html#... http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/autism/DS00348 http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/00...
- larry LLv 51 decade ago
Sigmund Freud first saw it as distinct from schizophrenia around 1910. He saw schizophrenia as a total withdrawal of libido from external reality into the self, whereas autism was not a withdrawal, but rather a concentration of libido onto a single aspect of external reality--one's own body. For this reason he coined the term "auto-erotism." Eugen Bleuler kindly renamed auto-erotism to the euphemistic "autism." Freud hit the roof, but there was nothing he could do about it, because at the time Bleuler was the highest world authority in psychiatry.
Bleuler also decided that autism was a symptom of schizophrenia rather than a generically different disorder as Freud insisted. Modern psychiatry has sided with Freud on this.
In 1944, Leo Kanner broadened the diagnosis of autism to be a spectrum disorder so that mild cases could be diagnosed as autism. He and Hans Asperger simultaneously discovered the existence of mild autism.
- HelenLv 44 years ago
Autism Appears Related to Mercury Toxicity. The first case of autism occurred in 1943 in America, twelve years after a mercury-containing preservative, thimerosal, was added to the whooping cough (pertussis) vaccine. In the 1950s, with only four recommended vaccines, the incidence of autism was 1 in 10,000 children. As more vaccines were recommended, the incidence of autism increased dramatically. By 1981, children received 135 micrograms of mercury in vaccines. The incidence of autism increased to 1 in 2600 children. Children in 1996 received 246 micrograms of mercury in vaccines and the incidence of autism was about 1 in every 350 children. Today, 13 vaccines are recommended with varying numbers of booster shots. The incidence of autism now averages about 1 in every 250 children.
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