? asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

Tomb Sweeping Day

Tomb Sweeping Day

The Chinese respect for filial piety and careful attentionto funeral rites is visibly manifested in the custom of ancestor worship. Sinceancient times, a day has been designated for sweeping thetomb and honoring one's ancestors. Though different in each family, theserites are usually performed on the first few days prior to or following ChingMing, one of the traditional solar divisions falling in early April, when thefrost retreats and spring returns bringing renewal to all living things. In1935, the government of the ROC designated Ching Ming as Tomb Sweeping Day tofurther heighten the significance of this occasion.

After Taiwan transformed from an agrarian- toindustrial-based economy, many of the older customs were gradually neglected.Tomb Sweeping Day, however, has retained its deep meaning in modern Chinesesociety, as the numerous families carrying out cleaning and worship rites atcemeteries during this time will testify. TheCentral Government Prayer Service is also held on this day, amplyevidencing the deep respect with which the Chinese view their roots.

Since most cemeteries are located on hillsides in thecountryside or outskirts of town, upon completing the Tomb Sweeping Day rites,many families will take advantage of the fine spring weather by going on afamily outing. These trips have become an important part of Tomb Sweeping Dayas a time for families to enjoy time together.

The foods offered on Tomb Sweeping Day vary by region. InTaiwan, the most common dishes are the distinctive " grave cakes"and junping.

Tomb Sweeping Day combines the people's reverence for theirancestors and for nature and is a reaffirmation of the Chinese ethic of filialpiety. Today, Tomb Sweeping Day is a time not only for worship and maintainingthe tombs of ancestors, but also a tangible expression of filial respect forthe teachings and virtues of forebears.

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2 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
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    清明節

    中國對孝道及和對葬禮儀式的注重關心及尊重,可在對祖先的崇敬的風俗習慣上很明顯地看出來。從遠古時代,就已經制定出一天為掃墓日,以示對祖先表達尊重。

    雖然每個民族可能有不同的日子,但當霜退去且春天來臨,萬物欣欣向榮時,這些儀式通常是在清明時分前後的四月初,在這幾天的白日時段實施。在1935年時,中華民國政府訂定清明節為掃墓日,更進一步彰顯出這個具有重要意義節日。

    自從台灣從農業改變為工業為主要經濟結構後,大多數的舊習俗慢慢地被忽略是了,但無論如何,在現代的中國社會中,掃墓這一天仍有它的深層意義。從許多家庭在這這個時間,於墓地進行清潔和舉行膜拜儀式中可以證實。中央政府的祝禱服務也在今天舉行,從這就可顯出中國人對追根溯祖所表達的深深尊敬。

    因為大多數公墓位於郊區的山腰上,有些家庭在完成掃墓的儀式後,就利用這適合外出的春天好天氣,集體出遊,因此清明節也使得這些家庭可以享有聚會的好時機。

    在清明節時所提供的食品會隨地區而變化。在台灣最常見的菜就是具有特色的春捲及junping(看不懂你的單字)。

    清明節結合人們對祖先的尊敬和對自然敬畏,也表達對中國道德的孝道,今日清明節不光只是掃墓和表達對祖先的崇敬而已,而且也是孝道的敬崇和對祖先美德的直接表達方式。

    你的文章沒分段,單字也連在一起,很難翻,下次要請別人幫忙,自己也該檢視一下自己的內容。

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