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Appropriate nutrition is an essential prerequisite for effective improvement of athletic performance, conditioning, recovery from fatigue after exercise, and avoidance of injury. Nutritional supplements containing carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, and minerals have been widely used in various sporting fields to provide a boost to the recommended daily allowance. In addition, several natural food components have been found to show physiological effects, and some of them are considered to be useful for promoting exercise performance or for prevention of injury. However, these foods should only be used when there is clear scientific evidence and with understanding of the physiological changes caused by exercise. This article describes various "functional foods" that have been reported to be effective for improving exercise performance or health promotion, along with the relevant physiological changes that occur during exercise.
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
適度的營養對於運動員的表現.身體狀況.疲勞的恢復及傷害的避免是不可或缺的要素. 包含了碳水化合物.蛋白質維他命及礦物質等都被廣泛的使用在各種不同用途的領域.其功能除了提供每天生活所需,有幾種成分已被發現對於生理上有顯著效果,並且可能增進運動的表現或是避免運動傷害. 但是這些食物應該只被用在當有相關科學證據佐證及對於運動所產生的生理變化是否充分了解. 這篇文章敘述 功能性食物 對於增進運動表現及增進健康的內容,並以相關生理上產生的變化予以對照. END