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rain asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文達人,我想問文法~

請問以下句子那一個是動詞丫?它的文法到底怎麼解析呢?

1.All that can be done has been done.

be動詞? done動詞?been動詞?done動詞?= =到底那一個呢?

2.What the minister said nothing to do with the govement's decision to

improve the standard of the living of the people.

→said 動詞?improve 動詞? of......of..... = =

3.The radio was being fixed by a mechanic when I came in.

→ was 又being??這不是被動式嗎?

希望有詳細的解說謝謝您~~

Update:

was 又being??這不是應該要用被動式嗎?

2 Answers

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  • ?
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    同學您好

    先講一個基本概念。

    一個句子最基本的句子結構:主詞 + 動詞。(注意只有一個主詞、一個動詞)

    為何會出現雙頭車呢﹖﹖﹖

    見鬼了!!

    請問以下句子那一個是動詞丫?它的文法到底怎麼解析呢?

    1.Everything has been done.

    可愛同學﹐寫這樣或許您就看懂了

    這個句子類似﹐夢境中還有夢境﹐句子裡頭還有句子。

    All that can be done , 是屬於名詞子句﹐ 可以當名詞用。

    或是反過來說﹐名詞﹐也是可以有句子的樣子。

    但是不違背它“還是名詞”

    一個重要得觀念﹐名詞子句大致跟一般名詞片語或名詞相似

    那名詞子句又有那些呢﹖

    “一個句子(S+V)必須要用

    連接詞( that, whether)﹐ 疑問詞﹐(who, what , where, when,why, how )

    引導” 賴水信教授說的

    **附帶一提﹐他的高分託福文法”很好用﹐我家教都買他的書

    照本宣科很好用﹐(好像嚴重缺貨)

    呵呵!適用高中文法。

    所以還是不違反基本規則!

    All that can be done= everything , 語義上

    Everything has been done ﹐一目瞭然﹐S+has +過去分詞嗎﹖﹖

    主要句子裡頭的動詞﹐當然是 has

    不過主詞是事情﹐所以要加入﹐ been , 。

    been又從何而來﹐記得在過去式﹐

    要表達被動態是要加 been!!

    I have done everything。。。。我才可以用

    be動詞? done動詞?been動詞?done動詞?= =到底那一個呢?

    2.What the minister said nothing to do with the govement's decision to

    improve the standard of the living of the people.

    我猜你少一了個動詞﹐had , 呵呵

    What the minister said had nothing to do with government's decision to improve the standard of living of

    people.

    注意看哦,可以倒裝過來

    nothing to do with govern decision to improve the standsard of living of people "was"

    what the minister said

    為何不用"had"慣用法﹐多看英文﹐有一天你會了的

    這個句子跟剛剛上面一樣﹐換湯不換藥﹐名詞自己當主詞用﹐只是幫他顛倒過來﹐名詞子句

    當受詞用。但不都是名詞麼﹖﹖^^“豬頭是啊邊﹐ 阿邊是豬頭”一樣豬頭=阿邊﹐阿邊=豬頭

    舉例﹐愛台灣

    whoever say so was a liar

    a liar was whoever say so

    what i need is a beauty

    a beauty is what i need

    →said 動詞?improve 動詞? of......of..... = =

    3.The radio was being fixed by a mechanic when I came in.

    → was 又being??這不是被動式嗎?

    was fixed本身就算是被動態﹐ 別忘記 was +p.p

    was being fixed,是什麼意思呢!!! 別忘記 ing!表示正在的意思(上面那個沒有正在的意思﹐強調正在)

    當我進門(瞬間)﹐看到機器正剛好被機工修理

    i was kicked by a dog (可能是2年﹐10年﹐15年﹐太多也許了)

    i was being kicked by a dog , when I turned off air condition. (

    AC 關機瞬間 ﹐我遭受飛踢)

    通常都會有老少配句子出現﹐棺材炸開的瞬間候﹐我正看見吸血鬼在喝木瓜汁

    語義想要表達的感覺不一樣。

    正在

    希望有詳細的解說謝謝您~~

    2008-05-24 13:38:28 補充

    was 又being??這不是應該要用被動式嗎?

    2008-05-24 14:38:49 補充:

    All that can be done ﹐只是that 多加入一個all,所有能做都作了

    2008-05-24 14:53:41 補充:

    第2句子

    was, 動詞是 瓦日﹐ was

    Source(s): 感謝賴水信教授-高分託福文法-功德無量﹐呵呵
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  • 1 decade ago

    1.All that can be done has been done.

    說明:a. 這句話的動詞是以現在完成式表示的 done.

       b. 把句子分解如下,可以有助你了解;其中 all 是主詞,但是太抽象、不具體,無法了解什麼意思,所以後面用關係子句(that ~ done)來補充說明.

         (All that can be done) has been done.

    2.What the minister said nothing to do with the govement's decision to improve the standard of the living of the people.

    說明:a. 這句話的主要動詞是said.

       b. 這是一個感嘆句.一般感嘆句常用 how 或 what 開頭(句型:How/ What S V...),而這句就是用 what 當句首.它的主詞是 the minister,主要動詞就是接在後頭的 said.至於 nothing 後的不定詞 to do,以及 with ~ decision 後的不定詞,也都是動詞,它們都是用來補充說明句意,即表達:對政府的決策在改善人民的生活品質是無力可為的.

    3.The radio was being fixed by a mechanic when I came in.

    說明:a. 這是一個複雜句,即包含主要子句及從屬子句.因為主要子句無法表明句子的意思,所以使用一個從屬子句來補充說明.

       b. 這個句子的主要子句是 The radio ~ a mechanic;從屬子句就是 when ~ in.

       c. 主要子句的動詞是使用過去進行式的被動語態,目的是要強調當我回到家時,收音機正被技師修理.

    2008-05-24 14:40:58 補充:

    Sorry, 第 2 個句子的引號 (') 處出現亂碼了.

    Source(s): 自己
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