Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請會英文的人幫忙我中翻英(古典音樂)~順暢一點^^

巴洛克時期:一六○○年~一七五○年。

「巴洛克」(Baroque)這個字是葡萄牙文,它原來是指「不規則」或「畸形」的珍珠,將這個字加以引申的話,則具有「怪異」、「誇張」的意思。這個時期呈現出一個現象,那就是新、舊不同風格的音樂很明顯同時並存。

巴洛克時期的音樂特色:

1.數字低音的運用:數字低音並不是某一種樂器的名稱,而是一種作曲手法。

2.調性系統的產生:以和聲理論為基礎的大、小調音階系統,在巴洛克時期逐漸成了音樂創作的主流。

3.器樂曲的蓬勃發展:

古典樂派時期:一七五○年~一八二○年。

古典樂派的音樂都給聆聽者一種單純、明朗、優美、均衡的印象,這和巴洛克時期音樂華麗而且樂風複雜,以及浪漫時期音樂強調作曲家個人情感的宣洩,是很不一樣的。

古典樂派時期的音樂特色:

1.數字低音的捨棄不用:這時期的作曲家對於曲調的和聲部份皆已整寫出,並且安排各種樂器來擔任,以增加不同音色的變化。

2.樂句「漸強」與「漸弱」表現法的使用:

3.奏鳴曲式的確立:

浪漫樂派時期:一八二○年~一九○○年。

注重個人主義、個人感情、重主觀、崇尚新奇、著重民族性、並興起音樂學的研究,樂風則是自由奔放,形式上無拘無束,多趨於標題音樂。

浪漫樂派時期的音樂特色:

1.標題音樂的確立:所謂「標題音樂」,是指作曲家為了藉由音樂來描寫某一個故事或者是某一種情景的氣氛,於是他就應用描寫式的旋律或節奏,甚至是模仿真實聲音的擬音效果,來具體表示出樂曲內容的音樂。韋瓦第所寫的小提琴協奏曲「四季」,就是非常著名的例子。 

2.交響詩的產生:它是一種不分樂章而且形式自由的管弦樂曲。交響詩既然是標題音樂的一種,它的目的自然也是在描述事物,它可以陳述一個故事、描繪一個景緻,或者是表達出作曲者對於某件事物的感想。

3.民族主義與音樂的結合:他們有的運用民謠曲調及節奏,有的則以各民族的傳說、軼事作為創作的題材。所譜寫的音樂具有民族特色,因此便形成了所謂的「國民樂派」。

現代樂派時期:一九○○年迄今。

和現在的社會很像,有些是創新,音樂聽起來都不怎麼好聽或是都很奇怪、有些是復古,模仿以前的樂派再加上現代一些東西。

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    大大你好:

    Baroque periods: 1600 to 1750.

    "Baroque" (Baroque) is the Portuguese word, which originally refers to "irregular" or "abnormal" pearls, the word will be extended, then a "strange" and "exaggerated" means. During this period emerged a phenomenon that is new and old of different styles of music is obviously coexist.

    Baroque music features:

    1. The use of digital bass: Basso is not the name of a certain type of instrument, but a composer means.

    2. For the formation of the system: based on the theory of harmony, minor scale system, in Baroque music gradually became the mainstream.

    3. Melodies with the vigorous development:

    Classical period were: 1750 to 1820.

    Classical Music Group gave listeners a simple, clear, beautiful, balanced impression, and the gorgeous Baroque music and style complex, and romantic music composer stressed that the venting personal feelings, is very different.

    Classical music camp during the characteristics:

    1. Basso's do not have to give up: this time the composer of the tunes sound皆已part of the whole write and arrange all kinds of instruments as to increase the changes of different sounds.

    2. Phrases "gradually strong" and "weak gradually," the use of performance:

    3. Sonata Form of established:

    Romantic music sent periods: 1820 to 1900.

    Emphasis on individualism, personal feelings, re-subjective, advocating novel, focused on the national character, music and the rise of the study, style is unrestrained freedom, the form freely, many tend to the title music.

    Romantic music camp during the music features:

    1. Heading the establishment of music: the so-called "headline music" refers to music by composer to describe a certain story or a certain scene of the atmosphere, and he described the application of the melody or rhythm, or even to imitate the real voice To the sound effects, music shows to the specific content of the music. Wei Wa's Violin Concerto No. written by "Four Seasons" is very well-known example.

    2008-05-26 08:00:24 補充:

    2. Symphonic poems have: it is all a form of freedom of movement and orchestral music. Since it is a symphonic poem of a music title, its purpose is to describe the natural things, it can present a story, depicts a scene, or to show something of the composer's feelings.

    2008-05-26 08:00:40 補充:

    3. Nationalism and the combination of music: Some of them have used folk melodies and rhythms, while some of the nation's legend, anecdote as a creative themes. The music is composed by ethnic characteristics, thus forming a so-called "national music camp."

    2008-05-26 08:00:51 補充:

    Modern music camp periods: 1900 to date.

    And the community very much like now, some innovation, not how good music or sounds very strange, some are old, imitating the former music camp with some of the things modern.

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