Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

(急)一些英文文法問題

蠻多的 簡單回答就行了 :D

明天要考試 都是選擇題 不是要自己寫句子 :D

所以至少告訴我該怎麼分辨怎麼選就可以了 :D

1.spend cost take的差異

2.常見的使役動詞有?

3.常見的後面需要加Ving的詞有?

4.句子中有when的時候時態要如何分辨?

5.如何曉得什麼時候該用現在完成式

6.常見的感官動詞有?

7. Can you tell me ____?

 (A)what is wrong whit him*正確

 (B)where did that tall girl go *where that tall girl went

 (C)what is he going to eat * what he is going to eat

 (D)how much money did he pay * how much money he paid

 We have no idea ____.

 (A)what time is it * what time it is

 (B)how to do it * 正確

 (C)why did Jim lave so early * why Jim left so early

 (D)what to buy snacks * what to buy

 Nobody knows ____.

 (A)who did the job * 正確

 (B)why was Meg so angry * why Meg was so angry

 (C)where is the strange sound from

   * where the strange sound is from

 (D)when did Mr.Lin come back * when Mr.Lin came back

(以上題目屬翰林出版社擁有)

Update:

原來如此 選自己喜歡的就好 我喜歡吃蘋果 那全部選A保險嗎 萬一不小心全對了 ... 那我我我要怎麼辦 不對 拜託誰幫忙回答一下啦 OTZ

4 Answers

Rating
  • Polly
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1. spend cost take的差異

    spend、cost和take都可以解釋成「花費」,但是用法不同,spend可用在「時間」和「金錢」的花費,而cost是用在「金錢」,take是用在「時間」。另外這三個動詞的句型不太相同,spend是以「人」為主詞,其後面動詞為V-ing,而cost和take多以「It」為主詞,其後面動詞為to V,我把這三種句型寫出來做參考,

    (1) spend:人 spend(s) 錢 / 時間 V-ing. 例:I spend ten minutes walking to school.或I spend ten dollars buying a pen. (spend的過去式是spent)

    (2) cost:It cost(s) 人 錢 to V. 例:It costs me ten dollars to buy a pen. (cost的過去式是cost)

    (3) take:It take(s) 人 時間 to V. 例:It takes me ten minutes to walk to school. (take的過去式是took)

    2. 常見的使役動詞有三:make、have和let,我用 “make” 寫出句型做參考,為「人 make 人 + 原V.」例:My mother makes me do homework.

    3. 常見的後面需要加Ving的詞,應該是指一些特定動詞,像是spend(花)、enjoy(喜愛)、finish(完成)、practice(練習)、have fun=have a good time(玩得開心)、avoid(避免)、mind(介意)等等。

    4. 句子中有when的時候時態要如何分辨?

    “when”後面的句子時態通常會是「過去簡單式」、「過去進行式」或「現在簡單式」三種,但「現在簡單式」比較少見。例:I was watching TV when my father came home. 或 Mary was taking a bath when her mother was cooking dinner. 或 They will take a trip when they get a lot of money.

    5. 如何曉得什麼時候該用現在完成式?

    用現在完成式的情形通常是句子的時間是用 “for + 一段時間”、“since + 過去時間”或“since + 過去式句子”三種,例:I have lived here for ten years. 或 I have lived here since ten years ago. 或 I have lived here since I was ten years old.

    6. 常見的感官動詞有五:see、hear、watch、listen to、feel,我用 “see” 寫出句型做參考,為「人 see 人 / 物+原V/ V-ing.」例:I see Mary dancing / dance. 或 I see the dog running / run.

    2008-05-23 11:18:04 補充:

    從第7的部分,都是「間接問句」的文法,間接問句的句型是「wh-疑問字+主詞+動詞」或「wh-疑問字+動詞」,前者是將無意義的助動詞 “do / does / did”刪除,把動詞改成適當的時態,後者是將 “wh-疑問字” 當成主詞用,所以以下幾題的答案是:

    2008-05-23 11:18:22 補充:

    (1) Can you tell me ____?

     (A)what is wrong with him*正確(因為what是主詞,所以不用改)

     (B)where did that tall girl go *where that tall girl went(將did去掉,go改成過去式)

     (C)what is he going to eat * what he is going to eat(將is he顛倒成he is的主詞+動詞寫法)

     (D)how much money did he pay * how much money he paid(將did去掉,pay改成過去式)

    2008-05-23 11:18:36 補充:

    (2) We have no idea ____.

     (A)what time is it * what time it is(將is it顛倒成it is的主詞+動詞寫法)

     (B)how to do it * 正確(how是用來問方法,所以動詞do後面要有受詞it,可等於what to do)

     (C)why did Jim leave so early * why Jim left so early(將did去掉,leave改成過去式)

     (D)what to buy snacks * what to buy(因為what用來問東西,所以動詞buy後面不用出現東西)

    2008-05-23 11:19:33 補充:

    (3) Nobody knows ____.

     (A)who did the job * 正確(因為who在此是主詞,所以不用改)

     (B)why was Meg so angry * why Meg was so angry(將was Meg顛倒成Meg was的主詞+動詞寫法)

    2008-05-23 11:19:45 補充:

    (C)where is the strange sound from* where the strange sound is from(將is the strange sound顛倒成the strange sound is的主詞+動詞寫法)

     (D)when did Mr.Lin come back * when Mr.Lin came back(將did去掉,come改成過去式)

    2008-05-23 11:21:11 補充:

    因為字數的關係,所以我把題目分開給,不好意思唷~~~希望有幫上你的忙囉~~~^_^

    Source(s): myself
  • Amanda
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago

    1.spend cost take的差異

    spend:主詞是人 ( I spend two hours on homework.)

    cost:主詞是事or物,通常是指花了多少錢 (The car costs him one million dollars.)

    take:主詞是事or物,通常指花了多少時間 (It takes me three days to finish it.)

    2.常見的使役動詞有?

    make, have, let

    3.常見的後面需要加Ving的詞有?

    avoid, enjoy, keep, mind, finish (已做完), stop (已開始做),...

    4.句子中有when的時候時態要如何分辨?

    應該是看動詞來辨別時態

    5.如何曉得什麼時候該用現在完成式

    a. 從過去到現在持續一段時間

    b. 在過去不特定時間發生的事

    6.常見的感官動詞有?

    hear, listen to, taste, feel, smell, look at, see, watch,..

    7. Can you tell me ____?

     (A)what is wrong whit him*正確

     (B)where did that tall girl go *where that tall girl went

     (C)what is he going to eat * what he is going to eat

     (D)how much money did he pay * how much money he paid

     We have no idea ____.

     (A)what time is it * what time it is

     (B)how to do it * 正確

     (C)why did Jim lave so early * why Jim left so early

     (D)what to buy snacks * what to buy

     Nobody knows ____.

     (A)who did the job * 正確

     (B)why was Meg so angry * why Meg was so angry

     (C)where is the strange sound from

       * where the strange sound is from

     (D)when did Mr.Lin come back * when Mr.Lin came back

    這些題目不是問句,what/who/how/why/where等這些字在這裡可視為連接詞,所以子句型態應該是主詞 + 動詞。以疑問句型態(動詞/助動詞 + 主詞)出現的子句是不對的。

  • 題目一

    spend cost take都是花費的意思

    Cost Spend Take

    S(主詞) 物 人 人物

    O(受詞) 錢 錢時 時

    後接的動詞 to V V-ing to-V

    題目二

    make, have, let

    如果後面接動詞的話---

    動詞原型----使某人作某事

    過去分詞----使某事被做

    當然也可以接 " 形容詞 "

    表示使某人或某事變得

    題目三

    動詞後面接動名詞的動詞就有很多種了

    例如

    admit

    avoid

    finish

    feel like

    miss

    quit

    practice

    regret

    discuss

    enjoy

    resist

    等等...當然多看文章多背一些

    題目四

    S V O when S V O

    主要子句的動詞(前)和從屬子句的動詞(後)

    需要一致

    如果前面是過去那麼後面就是過去

    前面是現在式後面也是

    不過主要子句的具子中可能是"進行式"

    此時就要看事情的先後順序了

    題目五

    現在完成式

    過去的時間----A-----現在(B)---------未來

    事情發生在----> A點直到B點的這段時間(持續下去)

    通常會搭配->>since / for

    EX:

    I have lived here for three years.

    過去到現在已經住了三年..至於現在就不一定了

    I have been living here for three years.

    過去到現在已經住了三年..現在仍然...

    題目六

    感官動詞

    hear

    see

    watch

    feel

    等等..........

    題目七

    (1)Can you tell me what is wrong whit him?

    (2)We have no idea how to do it.

    (3)Nobody knows who did the job.

    句型

    S V who/where/how... S V

    ****一個句子中不能有兩個問句

    如果是用這些疑問詞帶出來的子句需改成直述句的形式

    像(1)和(3)

    ***疑問詞當主詞當然是可以

    你看看其他的選項就可以了解了

    (2)不選what to buy snakes因為他的意思有點不通順

    what本身就表示一種事物但是他後面又接個受詞

    有點多此一舉的感覺

    Source(s): ME~
  • 1 decade ago

    分辯是有點困難,但袛要仔細細心一點就可以分辯的出好,至於選的話,選自己喜歡的就好,分辯的話很可能要很不簡單一下,因為一跟二本來就是兄弟,有沒有多一橫也沒人知道,所以才叫你的人先非常確定,據我所知唯一知道的就是那個臺灣高等法院高雄分院的一位黃憲文先生知道而以,如果你還有什麼問題的話,就去問他一下,他人很好,也很客氣,他一定會回答他,不過他的話肯定會觸動地方上的警察。所以他的話很有公信力,一切也以他的決定為主。

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