information on mobile technology?

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    Mobile technology is exactly what the name implies - technology that is portable. Examples of mobile IT devices include:

    * laptop computers

    * palmtop computers or personal digital assistants

    * mobile phones and "smart phones" - high-end phones with more advanced capabilities

    * global positioning system (GPS) devices

    * wireless debit/credit card payment terminals

    Mobile devices can be enabled to use a variety of communications technologies such as:

    * wireless fidelity (WiFi) - a type of wireless local area network technology

    * Bluetooth - connects mobile devices wirelessly

    * "third generation" (3G), global system for mobile technology (GSM) and general packet radio service (GPRS) data services - data networking services for mobile phones

    * dial-up services - data networking services using modems and telephone lines

    * virtual private networks - secure access to a private network

    It is therefore possible to network the mobile device to a home office or the Internet while travelling.

    Benefits

    Mobile computing can improve the service you offer your customers. For example, you could use your laptop computer to give a presentation. You could then transfer PDFs of your product literature to your client's computer. Or you could connect remotely to your diary to arrange a follow-up appointment. Alternatively, you can enable customers to pay for services or goods without having to go to the till. For example, by using a wireless payment terminal diners can pay for their meal without leaving their table.

    More powerful solutions can link you directly into the office network while working off site, for instance to access your company's database or accounting systems. For example, you could:

    * set up a new customer's account

    * check prices and stock availability

    * place an order online

    This leads to great flexibility in working - for example, enabling home working, or working while travelling. Increasingly, networking "hot spots" are being provided in public areas that allow connection back to the office network or the Internet.

    Drawbacks

    There are costs involved in setting up the equipment and training required to make use of mobile devices. Mobile IT devices can expose valuable data to unauthorised people if the proper precautions are not taken to ensure that the devices, and the data they can access, are kept safe. See our guide on securing your wireless systems.

  • 3 years ago

    Fyi... SMS, MMS, Ringtones, etc sent to a diverse cellular/community is going via a sophisticated application application and reaches the destined cellular/community, cellular is additionally used to get right of entry to diverse internet site/suitable suggestions from the internet i'm hoping this solutions your question thank you Prince

  • 4 years ago

    1.2 Statement of the Problem

    There is a growing appreciation in literature on the importance of adoption of mobile technology in the supply chain management. However, much of the available literature is in developed countries. A reliable, timely movement of the pharmaceutical products and information up and down the supply chain can be used to characterize an effective supply chain management, in the pharmaceutical industry. That is, from the delivery or destination point such as the hospitals, clinics, health posts or pharmacy where drugs are dispensed to the higher levels in the hierarchy and back. Data from the product and service delivery points are the most significant and relevant to the supply chain managers to make well informed decisions on what type and how much of pharmaceutical products and services should be delivered or provided. In Kenya, the logistic management system is paper based, and therefore the right data does not normally reach the right people at the right time. For effective drugs supply chain, quantification, selection, procurement, distribution and storage functions are equally significant and interdependent to ensure quality and good drugs are available promptly to the delivery pharmaceutical stores. However, the supply chains based on mobile technology offer the potential of accelerating transmission of data to multiple stakeholders simultaneously hence reducing the burden of reporting. Less of the literature focuses on how mobile technology can be adopted in the retail supply chain management in the pharmaceutical industry in Kenya. In so doing, this seems to be pushing aside the importance of adopting mobile technology in supply chains. This study therefore aims to fill this gap by focusing on the supply chain processes, participants, mobile technology and the benefits.

    1.3 Objectives of the Study

    1.3.1 Broad Objectives

    The broad objective of this study is to investigate and examine more fully the advantages and benefits to retail supply chains in the pharmaceutical industry in Kenya, when mobile technology is adopted in the supply chain management.

    The Specific Objectives included:

    • To explore the importance of harnessing technology in strengthening drug supply chains

    • To determine the challenges of using the traditional supply chain management methods

    • To establish the mobile technology applications and information available for the retail supply chain companies in pharmaceutical industry in Kenya

    • To determine the constraints in effective supply chain of drugs in Kenya.

    • To implement a pilot supply chain android and web application that simulates a platform for increased business productivity

    • To implement a pilot supply chain android and web application that simulates real-time data and an improved work flow

    1.4 Hypothesis of the Study

    H1: There is a significant difference in data transmission for retail supply chains using mobile technology compared to the traditional supply chains

    H2: Mobile technology in supply chains provide all stakeholders with data access in real time

    H3: There is a significant acceleration in flow of information to and from delivery or dispensing stations to the supply chain managers

    1.5 Justification

    The roads that pharmaceutical drugs need to take are from the manufacturer as the source, to the patient as the destination. In some instances, the road is a short distance or a longer distance. For most patients in developing countries such as Kenya, this road is often long. The road begins from the manufacturer to the centralized medical warehouses, to the local suppliers, very small depots, dispensaries, health centers and pharmacies. The long road is often bumpy with potholes. This study examined the challenges and problems to do with selection, forecasting, procurement, storage, inventory management, distribution and shelf life in Kenya. The different ways, in which these challenges manifest at the level of the patient, range from under stocking of the facilities or the facilities experiencing stock outs, which endanger the lives of patients, and this compromises treatment adherence. Similarly, the facilities can be overstocked with subsequent drugs that have expired. By adopting mobile technology in supply chain management, it can help in overcoming some of the problems and challenges in the pharmaceutical supply chain. Several mobile technology innovations and initiatives are assisting stakeholders in ensuring a more adequate supply of the pharmaceutical products. Mobile devices can be used for transfer of data and even mobile money services, specialized databases and software, and electronic tools can as well help, so long as the problems in the supply chain have been identified clearly. It therefore makes sense to address them in this research dissertation. This study will also enlighten policy makers and supply chain mangers and is the kind of research dissertation to inform practice.

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