立憲 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

想要麻煩各位英文翻譯達人幫忙翻譯下面三段英文,感恩啊!

Equity is the ownership of the firm,usually divided into certificates called common or preferred shares of stock. The assets and liabilities are linked to income and expenses,as shown in Figure 17.1. Assets are used to generate income,and liabilities require expenses such as rent,payment,or return of loans. Book value is the firm's net worth and is often called accounting value. Market value is share price times the number of issued shares. Note that book value is not equal to market value,which is the perceived value of the firm given its growth potential.

The financial plan is critical to the evaluation of the business model of the new venture. With sound assumptions,the projected results will help in evaluating the venture and its financial viability. The resulting financial plan is only as good as the quality of the assumptions. One reason forecasting models are so fallible is that they rely on the assumptions that the user chooses to input.

New firms should select two or three parameters of the buiness that display the greatest impact on the cash flows of the business. Examples are sales growth rate and new customer acquisition rate. They should then test the changesin sales as each of these parameters is changed. For example,a software firm,which licenses its products,will examine the potential range for its growth rate of licenses sold.

3 Answers

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  • Edov
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    這是一篇公司理財、或是會計的短文,其內容簡單地交待公司的資本結構與企業融資的關係,企業融資有分為內部融資與外部融資等活動,相關的細項可以參考教科書或其他的知識留言,但,還是看教科書或是學術性的刊物較為保險。這篇文章有談到一些計量經濟的概念,如末段所指出的變數與變數之間的問題時,有點到一些常用的計量模型與企業活動的連結,這樣的模型,常是以迴歸分析或變異數分析來進行實證,來幫助企業體進行相關的決策。

    為了減少空間 原文的部份 請參考提問者的內文 以下的段落 僅呈現中文的部份

    股權代表著一間公司的所有權,它通常可以被分為普通股股票與特別股股票。而公司的資產與負債與收入以及費用乃有息息相關,(請看圖17.1的說明) 。資產主要是用來創造收益,而負債乃代表著一種費用的請求權,例如:租金支出、應付款項或是借貸收入。帳面價值,是一間公司的淨值,所以,又被稱為會計價值,而市價,是以每股股價乘上流通在外股票股數所得出。請注意,通常帳面價值與市價不同,市價所代表的是一間公司所可能潛在的成長機會所表示的值。而企業的融資活動對於評價企業模型是一項重要且新的挑戰

    在一般的假設下,企業融資的結果可能可以幫助該企業使其財務狀況更加有生存能力,而最終融資計劃的結果僅與假設品質一樣 (例如:迴歸的假設條件)。首先,第一個理由是:預測模型是容易出差錯的,因為預測的計量模型會因研究者輸入的資料不同與假設不同,往往會產生不同的結果。新設立的公司應該要選擇2~3個參數,來評估這些參數對於企業之現金流量的影響。例如: 銷費成長率與新客戶增加率。 他們應該去檢定每一個參數的邊際變動量對其銷貨的影響,例如:一間軟體公司,生產具有版權序號的商品,他們將會去檢測他的潛在的銷貨成長率的區間為何參數會影響其銷貨量。

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  • John
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago

    股權代表公司所有權,通常區分此股票證券為普通股與優先股,資產與負債則關聯著收入與費用,如圖17.1所示。資產被用來產生收入,而負債則需費用,如租金、付款、借款利息。股本淨值代表著公司淨值,常被稱為會計價值。股票之市場價格數倍於已發行股數價值,注意的是股本淨值並不等於市場價格,市場價格則是鑑於公司成長潛能之認知價值。

    財務計畫對於新公司之企業模式評估至為關鍵,有了穩當的假定,企劃的結果將有助於評估事業與其財務之可行性,而所發展出的財務計畫與這些假定品質之完善完全形同一致。單一判斷之預測模式是非常容易犯錯的,因為他們仰賴這些使用者選擇輸入的假定。

    新公司應該選二或三個企業參數,呈現出企業現金流量最大的影響,例如銷售成長率與新顧客獲取率,此外,當這些每一參數改變時,他們應該檢驗銷售額的改變,例如,一家軟體公司許可它的產品上市,則要檢查它所許可產品銷售成長率的可能幅度。

    Source(s): myself
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  • 1 decade ago

    英文原文

    Equity is the ownership of the firm,usually divided into certificates called common or preferred shares of stock. The assets and liabilities are linked to income and expenses,as shown in Figure 17.1. Assets are used to generate income,and liabilities require expenses such as rent,payment,or return of loans. Book value is the firm's net worth and is often called accounting value. Market value is share price times the number of issued shares. Note that book value is not equal to market value,which is the perceived value of the firm given its growth potential.

    The financial plan is critical to the evaluation of the business model of the new venture. With sound assumptions,the projected results will help in evaluating the venture and its financial viability. The resulting financial plan is only as good as the quality of the assumptions. One reason forecasting models are so fallible is that they rely on the assumptions that the user chooses to input.

    New firms should select two or three parameters of the buiness that display the greatest impact on the cash flows of the business. Examples are sales growth rate and new customer acquisition rate. They should then test the changesin sales as each of these parameters is changed. For example,a software firm,which licenses its products,will examine the potential range for its growth rate of licenses sold.

    中文翻譯

    公平是所有權的公司,通常分為證書,所謂的共同或優先股股票。資產及負債是聯繫在一起的收入和支出,所顯示的數字為17.1 。資產是用來產生收入,及負債需要的費用,如租金,付款,或歸還貸款。帳面價值是該公司的資產淨值和常被人稱作是會計價值。市場價值是股價時代的人數已發行股份。請注意,帳面價值不等於市場價值,這是知覺價值該公司鑑於其增長潛力。

    財務計劃是至關重要的評價商業模式的新風險。與健全的假設,預計結果將有助於在評估風險和財政上的可行性。由此產生的財務計劃,只是不如質量的假設。原因之一是預測模型,使犯錯誤的是,他們依賴於假設用戶選擇的投入。

    新的企業,應選擇兩個或三個參數的buiness顯示最大的影響,對企業現金流動情況。的例子是銷售增長速度和新客戶獲取率。他們應該然後測試changesin銷售,因為每個這些參數的改變。例如,一個軟件公司,授權其產品,將研究的潛力範圍,其增長率執照出售。

    翻譯完成

    Source(s): 自己
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