Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英翻中!!!二十點!!!不要翻譯網翻的。

Compare and Contrast

  A piece of nonfiction writing that is organized by compare and contrast shows how two subjects are alike,different,or both alike and different. Look for clue words such as similarly,like,in addition,or in the same way to signal likenesses. Clue words such as but,however,different,unlike,or on the other hand show differences. The author may directly state the relationship between the two subjects,or the way in which the subjects are alike and different may be implied.

Main Idea

  Nonfiction writers often organize a paragraph,passage,or article by main idea and supporting details. The main idea is the writer’s most important idea about the topic. It may be stated in a topic sentence or it may be implied. Supporting details give more information about the main idea.

Problem and Solution

  This nonfiction text structure presents both a problem and the solution to the problem. As editorial might be arranged this way,with a problem stated at the beginning and the writer’s suggested solution at the end.

1 Answer

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  • 1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    [Compare and Contrast 比較與對比]

    寫實小說是以具有條理的比較及對比方式來表現出兩個主題的相似與不同之處,或是兩者兼具. 可以從文章裡去尋找類似 similarly, like, in addition 這一類具有提示功能的clue word, 或是以同樣的方式在文章中標示出相似處. 作者可能會以直接的闡述來說明兩種主題的關聯性, 也可能以含蓄的方式暗示兩者間的相似與差異.

    [Main Idea 主題, 主要訴求 (說服論點)]

    寫實作家通常會為文章設定一個主要的訴求,並以其他詳細的支持論點來讓文章達到結構嚴謹. Main idea是作者整篇文章裡最重要的主題, 可能一開始會直接點明, 或是使用暗喻的方式. 而Supporting details (細項說明)則是用來補充說明主旨的其他細節.

    [Problem and Solution問題與解法]

    這種寫實文章的結構會同時表現出問題以及解決的方法,

    例如社論就可能會以這樣的方式來編排,

    先點出問題所在, 然後再以作者建議的解決方法來作結尾.

    給你參考

    1. 什麼是 Compare and Contrast?

    在寫英文作文的時候

    當老師希望學生討論兩種事物之間的關係

    就會用compare and contrast來出題

    要你討論出這些事物相似地方(compare)和不同之處(contrast)

    通常可以用下列這兩種方式來寫

    在一個段落裡比較兩種主題的相似處

    然後在另一個段落討論他們的差異處

    Source(s): 自己
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