Identify the three turning point battles during WW2 and explain what made each a turning point.?
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
Battle of the Bulge was not a turning point. By this point in the war, Germany's defeat was assured.
D-Day was not a turning point. It was important in that it speeded up the German defeat, but had the allies not invaded France, Germany would still have been defeated by the Soviets.
Midway 1942 was a turning point. Realistically the Japanese could never hope to defeat the US, but this battle cemented this. After this battle, key Japanese personal commented how defeat was assured. There were other battles in the Pacific after this, but had the US lost them, they would have still gone onto win the war, unless for some obscure reason they chose to make peace. At Midway the Japanese lost 4 carriers to the Americans 1. From 1942-44, the US would create a further 90 aircraft carriers to the Japanese 9. The Japanese quite simply could not trade 4 carriers for 1.
In terms of the European war, the Battles of Stalingrad and Kursk are undoubtably very important. Kursk 1943 was the last big push by the Germans, and it failed. Stalingrad (42-43) was a foreboding of what was to come. Generally speaking the German invasion of the Soviet Union was poorly planned. The Germans planned for a short campaign, and once the war turned into a war of attrition they did not have the economy to back their ambitions.
If this is homework. Realistically speaking if your teacher or class mates claim anything other than the things i have mentioned, well then there wrong. British and American textbooks always focus on the part played by the UK and US, but in actual fact far more emphasis should be placed on the Russians. So its natural to misjudge the importance of where the war was won and lost.
- John de WittLv 71 decade ago
I'd nominate Stalingrad, Kursk, and Midway.
The first chewed up Army Group Sud and left the Wehrmacht on the defensive with a wide-open southern flank. Kursk put an exclamation point on Stalingrad and left the Red Army in offensive mode for the remainder of the war.
Midway's destruction of a substantial portion of Japanese naval air power, along with the production of more and more ships by US industry, marked the shift from America being on the defensive to the island-hopping that eventually led to the strategic bombing of the Japanese mainland. Midway made the capture of the northern Marianas almost inevitible, and once those islands were in US hands, the outcome of the war was no longer in doubt.
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- Anonymous5 years ago
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In June 1940 the War was going very well for Germany. They had partitioned Poland along with Russia. Scandinavia was under their control They had invaded and conquered France, Luxembourg, Belgium and Holland. To the south they were allied with Italy To the South West they had a "friendly" neutral in Spain. They had just thrown the British Army into the sea off Dunkirk. Basically everything was going to plan. All that needed to be done was to convince the British to quit or conquer their country and then they would have all Europe under their control which means the attack on Russia would probably be successful and they would then control Eurasia from Vladivostok to Brest. The Italians would have had an almost free hand in Africa to claim the riches and resources of that continent With the Japanese holding China and South East Asia the question is whether he would turn on his former allies or would they combine to go after the only power left that could conceivably challenge them. Would the USA have been developing the A-Bomb without all the research from the British? Would Germany/Japan/Italy have developed an A-Bomb with the research they stole from the British?. Ok thats the theoretical position. Why aren`t Hitler and his successors in charge of the world? In July 1940 through to October 1940 a few thousand young men, ably backed by the British Public and the men and women of the RAF ground staff held off the mightiest Air Force assembled up to that point in time. On September the 15th, when he saw the mauling that his much vaunted Luftwaffe were getting from the RAF Hitler decided to cancel the planned invasion of the UK. The invasion would not have been possible with the Royal Navy able to attack the barges. With the RAF in existence the Germans could not hope to attack the RN and keep them from the invasion fleet, hence no invasion. The continued existence of Great Britain as a fighting entity meant that: The Italians were kicked out of Africa, forcing Germany to send sorely needed supplies and men to assist. Many men were needed to garrison Western Europe rather than attack Russia because the resistance movements in the occupied countries had support from a nearby free base. The majority of Germany`s artillery was kept back in Europe and Germany on anti aircraft duties because of Great Britain`s position off Europe as a huge aircraft carrier. How much difference would those guns, men and ammunition have made at Stalingrad? Because of these drains on Germany`s resources they were not able to conquer Russia in the quick manner needed. This led to the eventual meat grinder of the Eastern front which swallowed so much of their army and air force. Because of the embargo on Oil exports to Japan they attacked the U.S. If Germany had controlled all of that lovely oil from Russia with capacity to spare would they have supplied their ally and just thumbed their nose at the U.S. whilst they finished the rest of the world off? When Japan did attack the U.S. and sealed their own fate by doing so the Germans declared war too. Its not a good idea to pick a fight with the world`s greatest industrial power when they have an unsinkable base just off your shores to base all of the aircraft they can build. It can honestly be said that the Battle of Britain was the first cause of a series of mistakes by the Axis powers which led to their defeat in WW2. To put it bluntly. The Battle of Britain was the first pivotal moment in the defeat of the Axis forces. The war was won by a group of Allies. America provided the arms. Russia provided the blood Britain provided the time for the others to do their thing. Ray
- 6 years ago
Battle of the Bulge was not a turning point, the war was already lost for Germany at that point. Turning point?
Battle of the Atlantic, Battle of Midway,Battle of Kursk, Battle of Stalingrad. Also Battle of Guadalcanal since this was first time Japanese expansion was halted.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
midway, allies started pushing japanese back through the pacific.
stalingrad, german advances stopped by soviets, first major german defeat.
i would consider the other one to be kursk, finally made germanys defeat almost inevitable. arguments can be made that the battle of britain, el alemein, normandy were turning points aswel, but it think the three i have mentioned are the real turning points.
- StripeLv 61 decade ago
I'll give you four, but you can look up the details. Battle of the Bulge, Midway, Germany's invasion of Russia, D-Day.
- joemoser1948Lv 71 decade ago
Looks like homework. Try doing it yourself. You might be surprised to learn to be proud of your own efforts.