有關航管給飛機號碼的問題?

就是航管會告訴飛機轉到XXXX,沒記錯的話那好像是詢答機的號碼,是4個號碼,請問這個號碼有什麼涵義嗎?為什麼要這麼做呢?

另外,航管是只有機場塔台再負責嗎?還是在機場以外的地方也設據點負責航管?

Update:

頭哥,您知道中央塔台在楊梅哪裡嗎?

我家離楊梅不遠,想去看看。

4 Answers

Rating
  • Kuan
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    給你詳細的資料:

    Routine codes

    0000:

    military escort (in the US)

    mode C or other SSR failure (in the UK).

    shall not be used – is a non-discrete mode A code (Europe)

    0001: Military code for high speed uncontrolled (non-ATC directed) flight (US)

    0033: Parachute dropping in progress (UK)

    1000:

    Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) flight below 18,000' when no other code has been assigned (Canada)

    non-discrete mode A code reserved for future use in Mode S radar environment where the aircraft identification will be used to correlate the flight plan instead of the mode A code

    2008-05-16 00:39:38 補充:

    1200: Visual flight rules (VFR) flight, this is the standard squawk code used in North American airspace (FAA) when no other has been assigned.

    2008-05-16 00:40:52 補充:

    1400: VFR flight above 12,500' when no other code has been assigned (Canada) .

    2008-05-16 00:41:27 補充:

    2000: The code to be squawked when entering a secondary surveillance radar (SSR) area from a non-SSR area (used as Uncontrolled IFR flight squawk code in ICAO countries , and in Canada for uncontrolled IFR at or above 18,000')

    2008-05-16 00:41:48 補充:

    4000: Aircraft on a VFR Military Training Route or requiring frequent or rapid changes in altitude (US)

    2008-05-16 00:42:06 補充:

    4400 to 4477: Reserved for use by SR-71, YF-12, U-2 and B-57, pressure suit flights, and aircraft operations above FL600 (USA only).

    2008-05-16 00:42:24 補充:

    7000:

    VFR standard squawk code when no other code has been assigned (ICAO) .

    UK: this code does not imply VFR; 7000 is used as a general conspicuity squawk.)

    2008-05-16 00:42:47 補充:

    7001:

    Sudden military climb out from low-level operations (UK)

    Used in some countries to identify VFR traffic (France, ...)

    2008-05-16 00:43:11 補充:

    7004: Aerobatic and display code in some countries.

    7010: VFR circuit traffic code in the UK

    2008-05-16 00:43:34 補充:

    707X: Paradrop activities in France (7070, 7071, 7072...)

    7777:

    military interception (US) ("Under no circumstances should a pilot of a civil aircraft operate the transponder on Code 7777. This code is reserved for military interceptor operations.")

    2008-05-16 00:43:53 補充:

    non-discrete code used by fixed test transponders (RABMs) to check correctness of radar stations (BITE). (Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, ...)

    In Belgium following codes are assigned for VFR traffic under Flight Information Services (BXL FIC)

    2008-05-16 00:44:10 補充:

    series from 0041 till 0057

    In Germany the following codes have been used:

    0021: VFR squawk code for German airspace (5000 feet and below)

    0022: VFR squawk code for German airspace (above 5000 feet)

    As from 15 March 2007 these have been replaced by the international 7000 code for VFR traffic.

    2008-05-16 00:44:27 補充:

    Emergency codes

    7700: General Emergency

    7600: Lost Communications

    7500: Unlawful Interference (Hijack)

    2008-05-16 00:44:49 補充:

    Codes assigned by ATC

    Most codes above can be selected by aircraft if and when the situation requires or allows it, without permission from ATC. Other codes are generally assigned by ATC units.

    2008-05-16 00:45:04 補充:

    For IFR flights, the squawk code is typically assigned as part of the departure clearance and stays the same throughout the flight. VFR flights, when in uncontrolled airspace, will "squawk VFR" (1200 in the US, 7000 in Europe).

    2008-05-16 00:45:19 補充:

    Upon contact with an ATC unit, they will be told to squawk a certain unique code. When changing frequency, for instance because the VFR flight leaves controlled airspace or changes to another ATC unit, the VFR flight will be told to "squawk VFR" again.

    2008-05-16 00:45:29 補充:

    In order to avoid confusion over assigned squawk codes, ATC units will typically be allocated blocks of squawk codes, not overlapping with the blocks of nearby ATC units, to assign at their discretion.

    2008-05-16 00:46:08 補充:

    Not all ATC units will use radar to identify aircraft, but they assign squawk codes nevertheless.

    2008-05-16 00:46:36 補充:

    As an example, London Information – the Flight Information Service station that covers the lower half of the UK

    2008-05-16 00:46:42 補充:

    – does not have access to radar images, but does assign squawk code 0027 to all aircraft that receive an FIS from them. This tells other radar equipped ATC units that that specific aircraft is listening on the London Information radio frequency, in case they need to get hold of that aircraft.

    Source(s): 飛機系統講師
  • 1 decade ago

    個人曾在中正機場塔台服務,

    如果您問的是每無線電通話結束前所講的[轉到xxxx],

    指的就是下一個航管的無線電波道,

    因為每一架航機的起降並不是只由一個管制員來全程負責的,

    以起飛為例~機師的波道要轉很多次,

    由[資料席DATA].....[地面管制席Ground].....[機場跑道管制席Local]....(以上屬塔台).....[進/離場台雷達席Approach/Departure(視區域功能有數個)].....[區管中心管制席(每一個FIR飛航情報區只有一個區管中心,但也有很多席次,通常依空域劃分)].........

    上述的每一個階段都有不同的波道頻率,例如中正機場的118.7,塔台Local....125.1,進/離場雷達等等(無線電中常常把125.1的[點]省略,所以你聽到的是四個數字)

    中正塔台和近場台都在機場內,白色高高的,頂上有一堆天線,晚上有旋轉燈的那個就是了,區管中心和戰管(軍方)在北部某處~我想不要公開比較好~

    想參觀塔台??因屬管制區一般人員不能進入,除非事先以公文申請~~

    但是中正機場旁有一個航空博物館,有一個模擬塔台,你可以去看看~~

    希望對你有幫助

    Source(s): 個人淺見,請參考
  • 1 decade ago

    1.那4位電碼是航機答詢器(軍方稱敵我識別器)之識別碼,航管單位會因作業需求指定或更改。

    2.電碼計有MODE 1、2、3、C等形式,民航機僅使用MCODE 3、C,3是航行識別、C是高度顯示,航管單位據以識別、管制航機並掌握其高度。

    3.航管作業區分為:區域管制、近場管制及機場管制,各有負責單位,沒有所謂中央台或地方台。

  • 大頭
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    那是機場ㄉ地區塔台要機長將頻道轉給中央台中央台還會要求轉國際台<國內線直接由中央台轉目的地ㄉ地方台>國際台會要求附近ㄉ國際航管接手

    納四個號碼就是頻道號碼

    2008-05-14 23:02:24 補充:

    順便告訴你台灣ㄉ中央塔台在楊梅歐 你在機場看到ㄉ都是地方台

    地方台ㄉ主要職務是安排航機進出場 國際台視導引飛機如何飛才不會迷航

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