Here are some:
Dada-a cultural movement that began in neutral Zürich, Switzerland, during World War I and peaked from 1916 to 1920. The movement primarily involved visual arts, literature (poetry, art manifestoes, art theory), theatre, and graphic design, and concentrated its anti war politic through a rejection of the prevailing standards in art through anti-art cultural works.
Synthetic Cubism-objects are broken up, analyzed, and re-assembled in an abstracted form—instead of depicting objects from one viewpoint, the artist depicts the subject from a multitude of viewpoints to represent the subject in a greater context
Metaphysical Art-dream-like paintings of squares typical of idealized Italian cities, as well as apparently casual juxtapositions of objects, represented a visionary world which engaged most immediately with the unconscious mind, beyond physical reality
De Stijl- Proponents of De Stijl sought to express a new utopian ideal of spiritual harmony and order. They advocated pure abstraction and universality by a reduction to the essentials of form and colour — they simplified visual compositions to the vertical and horizontal directions, and used only primary colors along with black and white.
Expressionism-the tendency of an artist to distort reality for an emotional effect
New Objectivity-an art movement which arose in Germany in the early 1920s as an outgrowth of, and in opposition to, expressionism.
Figurative Painting-artwork - particularly paintings and sculptures - which are clearly derived from real object sources, and are therefore by definition representational.
Constructivism-an artistic and architectural movement in Russia from 1919 onward which rejected the idea of "art for arts sake" in favour of art as a practice directed towards social purposes
Surrealism- feature the element of surprise, unexpected juxtapositions and non sequitur;
Bauhaus-one of the most influential currents in Modernist architecture and modern design
Scottish Colorists- a group of painters from Scotland whose work was not very highly regarded when it was first exhibited in the 1920s and 1930s, but which in the late 20th Century came to have a formative influence on contemporary Scottish art.
Suprematism-an art movement focused on fundamental geometric forms (in particular the square and circle)
Art Deco-popular international design movement from 1925 until 1939, affecting the decorative arts such as architecture, interior design, and industrial design, as well as the visual arts such as fashion, painting, the graphic arts, and film.