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Evonne asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

解譯及翻譯~管理科學問題!!

Manager’s Opinion: A single manager uses his or her best judgment.

Jury of Executive Opinion: A small group of high-level managers pool their best judgment to collectively make the forecast.

Salesforce Composite: A bottom-up approach where each salesperson provides an estimate of what sales will be in his or her region. These estimates are then aggregated into a corporate sales forecast.

Consumer Market Survey: A grass-roots approach that surveys customers and potential customers regarding their future purchasing plans and how they would respond to various new features in products.

Delphi Method: A panel of experts in different locations who independently fill out a series of questionnaires. The results from each questionnaire are provided with the next one, so each expert can evaluate the group information in adjusting his or her responses next time.

麻煩嚕!!謝謝~

3 Answers

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  • ?
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    DEAR 大大您好

    因為不曉得前後文,茲嘗試翻譯如下

    Manager's Opinion: A single manager uses his or her best judgment.

    管理者觀點: 一個單身經理使用他的最佳的判斷。

    Jury of Executive Opinion: A small group of high-level managers pool their best judgment to collectively make the forecast.

    行政董事會(幕僚團)觀點: 一小群高階經理人一同對預測展望來表態他們的最佳評論。(我猜測這裡應該是poll而不是pool)

    《注》poll要求每一成員明確表態

    Salesforce Composite: A bottom-up approach where each salesperson provides an estimate of what sales will be in his or her region. These estimates are then aggregated into a corporate sales forecast.

    綜合型業務團隊: 毎個銷售人員利用從下到上的方法提供所屬區域的銷售預估。之後這些預估被匯聚到公司銷售預測中。

    Consumer Market Survey: A grass-roots approach that surveys customers and potential customers regarding their future purchasing plans and how they would respond to various new features in products.

    消費者市場調查: 透過紮根式調查方法,調查顧客和潛在顧客有關他們的未來購買計劃和他們對產品新面貌特點的各式回應

    Delphi Method: A panel of experts in different locations who independently fill out a series of questionnaires. The results from each questionnaire are provided with the next one, so each expert can evaluate the group information in adjusting his or her responses next time.

    德菲法: 各地專家小組獨立各自填寫一系列問卷。從各種問卷結果提供下一個機會, 因此各位專家可以評估團體資訊用以調整下次他們回應。

    《注》德菲法(Delphi method)的預測技術最早研究,始於1948年美國Rand corporation為美國空軍從事的一項國防研究計畫。1960以後,德菲法逐漸被政府機構及學術團體拓展至其他領域上,如政府政策、社會環境、教育制度、科技策略、企業經營等方面問題之預測及評價。在進行德菲法時,往往會碰到下列問題之發生:研究進行時間較長並且步驟繁複,較難取得專家持恆的配合,且其意見可能因客觀因素改變而前後矛盾。再者,由於利用問卷方式進行,需反覆回饋,耗費許多時間。由於在進行德菲法技術時,專家集結不易,並且在回收、整理問卷時需耗費大量的人力、物力。本研究利用蟻元理論的特性,建構數學模型,進行模擬德菲法的決策機制www.onlyit.cn/okm/theory_delphi.html

    Source(s): www.onlyit.cn/okm/theory_delphi.html
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  • Thomas
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago

    經理意見︰ 一位單個的經理使用他或她最好的判斷。

    執行意見的陪審團︰ 一進階經理的小組把他們最好的判斷集中起來統一地預測。

    Salesforce 合成︰ 一由下及上估計的銷售將在他或她的地區什麼。 這些估計然後被總計成共同的銷售預測。

    消費者市場調查︰ 平民百姓關於購買計畫的他們的將來與那調查用戶和準客戶接洽和他們將怎樣在產品內對各種各樣的新特徵作出回應。

    德爾福方法︰ 一個獨立填寫一系列詢問表的在不同的位置方面的專家小組。 來自每張詢問表的結果配有下一個,如此每位專家能在下次調整他或她的回應過程中評價組訊息。

    Source(s): .
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  • 經理的觀點: 一位唯一經理使用他們的最佳的評斷。行政觀點陪審員: 一個小小組高級經理合併他們的最佳的評斷集體做展望。Salesforce 綜合: 一種由下往上的方法各位推銷員提供的地方什麼銷售的估計將是在他們的區域。這些估計然後被聚集入公司銷售展望。消費者市場調查: 基層接近勘測顧客和潛在的顧客關於他們的未來購買計劃和怎麼他們會反應各種各樣的新特點在產品。特爾斐方法: 專家小組用獨立地填好一系列的查詢表的不同的地點。結果從各張查詢表帶有下一個, 因此各位專家能評估小組資訊在調整他們的反應下次。

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