蘇美人的早期數學和現代數學的差別?+15點 急~~

蘇美人的早期數學

Sumerian mathematic

可以給我英文網站嗎?

如果沒有,中文也可以

還有蘇美人的早期數學和現代數學的差別?

可以給我英文網站嗎?

我真的很急!!

我學校要交報告

請大家幫忙

1 Answer

Rating
  • sugar
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    哈囉你好!希望我的回答能幫上你的忙:)

    沒想到有人要求英文網站而不是中文網站XD

    Mathematics

    The Sumerian System, called "sexagesimal", combined a mundane 10 witha "celestial" 6, to obtain the base figure 60. This system is in some ways superior to our present oneand much superior to later Greek and Roman systems. It enabled Sumerian's to divide into fractions andmultiply into the million, to calculate roots or raise numbersseveral powers.

    This was not only the first known mathematical system, but also one that gave us... the"place" concept: Just as, (in the decimal system), 2 canbe 2 or 20 or 200, depending on the digits place, so could a Sumerian2 mean 2, or 120 (2 x 60), and so on, depending on the place.

    The 360 degree circle, the foot and its 12 inches, and the"dozen" as a unit, are but a few examplesof the vestiges of Sumerian Mathematics, still evidentin our daily lives.

    Their achievements in Astronomy, the establishment of acalendar, and similar mathematical feats will come up later.

    蘇美人已經知道10進位制和60進位制,後者在古代兩河流域的應用得更為廣泛。我們今天度量時間用小時、分、秒,以及把一圓周分為360度,都是繼承了兩河流域古人的成果。他們的面積單位、重量單位也多是60進位。古希臘、羅馬都採用了這裡的一些重量單位,歐洲有的地方甚至一直沿用到18世紀。

    在最早的數學文獻中記述了對牲群的計算、對穀物的計量和對土地的測量。他們的主要貢獻在於發展了最早的計時、計量、測量距離和面積的各種方法。

    圖片讓你參考參考,這是蘇美人數字和阿拉伯數字的對照:

    圖片參考:http://img100.imageshack.us/img100/5263/27970012dj...

    這是一個解說蘇美人數學的網站(英文)

    http://www.crystalinks.com/sumermath.html

    這是研究蘇美文明數學的報告(英文)

    http://loellenpark.org/callens/mmedia/CentreThree....

    以上是我的整理,請多多指教

    祝你報告順利:)

    Source(s): Google
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