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Can someone help me answer these questions please?
1.) How did the Treaty of Versailles ending World War I change the map of Europe?
2.) The French Allied commander, Ferdinand Foch, said about the treaty of Versailles: "This is not peace. It is an armistice for twenty years." Explain the meaning of his quote by discussing some of the punishing terms of the treaty toward Germany and what effect those had on Germany.
- ?Lv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
1. The French demands prevailed in the treaty.
Other provisions included the loss of German colonies and loss of German territories. The list of the former German provinces that changed their affiliation:
* Alsace-Lorraine (French from the beginning of 18th century to 1871) back to France (area 14,522 km², 1,815,000 inhabitants (1905)),
* Northern Schleswig at T�nder in Schleswig-Holstein, after the Schleswig Plebiscite, to Denmark (3,228 km² or 3,938km²),
* most of Greater Poland ("Provinz Posen") and Eastern Pomerania (West Prussia) to Poland after Great Poland Uprising (area 53,800 km² 4,224,000 inhabitants (1931) including 510 km² and 26,000 inhabitants from Upper Silesia),
* Hulczyn area of Upper Silesia to Czechoslovakia (316 or 333 km² and 49,000 people), * East part of Upper Silesia, after plebiscite, to Poland (area 3,214 km² 965,000 people)
* the area of German cities Eupen and Malmedy to Belgium
* the area of Soldau in East Prussia (railway station on the Warsaw-Gdansk route) to Poland (area 492 km²),
* Northern part of East Prussia as Memelland under control of France, later transferred to Lithuania,
* plebiscite in Eastern part of West Prussia and in Southern part of East Prussia Warmia and Masuria, few villages to Poland,
* the province Saarland under the control of the League of Nations for 15 years, after that a plebiscite between France and Germany,
* the city of Danzig (now Gdańsk, Poland) with the delta of Vistula river at the Baltic Sea was made the Freie Stadt Danzig (Free City of Danzig) under the League of Nations and partial Polish authority (area 1893 km², 408,000 inhabitants 1929).
2. The German Army was to be restricted to 100,000 men, there was to be no conscription, no tanks or heavy artillery and no German General Staff. The German Navy was restricted to 15,000 men and no submarines while the fleet was limited to six battleships (of less than 10,000 tonnes), six cruisers and 12 destroyers. Germany was not permitted an air force (Luftwaffe). Finally, Germany was explicitly required to retain all enlisted men for 12 years and all officers for 25 years, so that only a limited number of men would have military training.
Article 231 of the Treaty (the 'war guilt' clause) held Germany solely responsible for all 'loss and damage' suffered by the Allies during the war and provided the basis for reparations. The total sum due was decided by an Inter-Allied Reparations Commission. In January 1921, this number was officially put at 269 billion gold marks, a sum that many economists deemed to be excessive. Later that year, the amount was reduced to 132 billion marks, which still seemed astronomical to most German observers. The economic problems that the payments brought, and German resentment at their imposition, are cited by some as one of the causes of the end of the Weimar Republic and the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler, which eventually led to the outbreak of World War II.
- 1 decade ago
for the first one, im trying to remember, but wasnt it where they make all these deals with germany.
something so that germany would be in debt for 100s of years?
because i know that for ww2 hitler talked about how german families shouldnt have to pay the debt caused by ww1...
oh and didnt austria-hungary change or something?