三句英文句子的困惑

1. I want to find a new job ( by ) the end of the year.

==> 為何不能用 on the end of the year.

2. Suggestions were requested; however , none were offered.

==>這句是什麼意思

3. A dictionary is a book ( that explains) the meanings of words.

==> A dictionary is a book為 S

那為何還得加上that呢?

直接 explain 就形成 S + V .....不就形成一個句子了嗎?

4. We ( had been sitting) in the plane for hours when it finally took off.

==> ( )中為何不能用have sat 來表示過去己經坐在飛機上好幾 小時了呢?錯在那裡QQ

5. You'll find the papers ( in) the file cabinet on the left.

==>為何不能用 at 而用in呢???

6. ( Advertising) costs have increased dramatically in these years.

==> 為何不能用 Advertorial -->它也是名詞丫。

2 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
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    1. I want to find a new job ( by ) the end of the year.

    為何不能用 on the end of the year.

    *這是慣用語介係詞問題

    on通常用於「某一日或某一天」 on Monday, on May 15, on Christmas Eve

    而by則用於「在...以前」

    這種慣用語只能硬背下來,讓它成為你的習慣

    2. Suggestions were requested; however , none were offered.

    這句是什麼意思

    *需要有些建議,但沒人提供,這是白話的翻譯

    要分析的話則是suggestitions(建議,在此當名詞) were requested(被要求提出),however(不過),none(指的是沒有建議no suggestitions) were offered(被提供)。我想問題是出在none這個字的用法,它是表示「沒有一個人或物」的代名詞,也就是說

    Suggestions were requested; however , none were offered.

    可以說成

    Suggestions were requested; however , no suggestions were offered.但這樣一來就顯得太累贅了,所以用none來代替no suggestitions。

    3. A dictionary is a book ( that explains) the meanings of words.

    A dictionary is a book為 S

    那為何還得加上that呢?

    直接 explain 就形成 S V .....不就形成一個句子了嗎?

    *為什麼說他是S呢?A dictionary is a book不是主詞,A dictionary is a book已經是一個完整句子,後面的that explains...是屬於形容詞子句的概念,也就是說that explains...是用來修飾前面的 a book

    4. We ( had been sitting) in the plane for hours when it finally took off.

    ( )中為何不能用have sat 來表示過去己經坐在飛機上好幾 小時了呢?錯在那裡QQ

    * had been sitting 是過去完成進行式,用來強調「過去的時間裡持續進行」的動作,而你說 have sat 則是現在完成式的概念,用以表示「到現在為止,某動作的完成」,所以不是不能用,而是表現出來的時間觀念不同

    We had been sitting in the plane for hours when it finally took off.

    我們在起飛前已經在飛機上坐了好幾個小時(指的是過去的時間裡所發生的事,可能是昨天,或是更久以前)

    We have sat in the plane for hours when it finally take off.

    我們在起飛前已經在飛機上坐了好幾個小時(指的是剛剛發生的事,而且這這件事情也結束了)

    5. You will find the papers ( in) the file cabinet on the left.

    為何不能用 at 而用in呢???

    *這也是介係詞慣用語問題

    in 表示的是在...裡面 in the box

    at 表示在...地點 he's standing at the gate

    慣用語問題還是只能多接觸,硬背吧

    就像外國人很難搞清楚中文的單位用詞,一雙筷子,一枝筷子,都是合理的用法,但一樣是用「枝」為單位的筆,為何不能說一雙筆呢?雖然可以解釋,但會很複雜,就只能先硬背了

    6. ( Advertising) costs have increased dramatically in these years.

    為何不能用 Advertorial 它也是名詞丫。

    *可以用阿,只是所指的東西會有所不同,你必須了解兩個字的差異在哪裡,舉例來說,在一個公司研討會當中,「廣告費用可能會大幅增加」和「論述式廣告的費用可能會大幅增加」之間的差異性應該很明顯了吧。

    你的文法觀念還不是很清楚,所以問題會很多,而我也無法全部說明白,有時候一堂課還說不完呢。不過能提出問題值得鼓勵。在你的問題一一解決後,你就會更進步喔!

    Source(s): 腦內記憶體和書結合
  • 1 decade ago

    三句英文句子的困惑

    1. I want to find a new job ( by ) the end of the year.

    ==> 為何不能用 on the end of the year.

    by 意指 在....之前

    2. Suggestions were requested; however , none were offered.

    ==>這句是什麼意思

    徵求建議, 然而, 沒有人提出來

    3. A dictionary is a book ( that explains) the meanings of words.

    ==> A dictionary is a book為 S

    那為何還得加上that呢?

    直接 explain 就形成 S + V .....不就形成一個句子了嗎?

    that 在此是關係代名詞, 一般使用 which

    上述句子是由兩個句子合併而成

    A dictionary is a book.

    The book explains the meanings of words.

    兩個句子中的 book 是同一本

    把第二句的 the book 改成關係代名詞後

    整句加到前一句的 book 之後

    句中的 a book 就是文法書上提及的 - 先行詞 -

    關係代名詞及其所引導的句子是形容詞的用法

    是後位修飾的用法, 用來形容 關係代名詞前的 - 先行詞 - a book

    因此

    A dictionary is a book ( that explains) the meanings of words.

    意為

    字典是解釋詞意的書籍

    4. We ( had been sitting) in the plane for hours when it finally took off.

    ==> ( )中為何不能用have sat 來表示過去己經坐在飛機上好幾 小時了呢?錯在那裡QQ

    have + been + Ving

    有持續做某事的意思

    5. You'll find the papers ( in) the file cabinet on the left.

    ==>為何不能用 at 而用in呢???

    cabinet 是櫃子

    papers in the file cabinet

    意指資料櫃裡的文件

    6. ( Advertising) costs have increased dramatically in these years.

    ==> 為何不能用 Advertorial -->它也是名詞丫。

    advertising 是動詞 advertise 的動名詞

    指 - 登廣告 - 這件事

    文法中

    動名詞表示了一個動作

    但在句子中放在主詞或受詞的位置

    當名詞用

    Source(s): myself
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