why did hitler order the final solution?
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
INTENTIONALISTS VERSUS FUNCTIONALISTS
Two historical schools of thought have emerged around the question of the origins of "The Final Solution" (German, Enloesung)- the decision to completely obliterate European Jewry. Tim Mason (1981) has framed the debate in terms of "intentionalists" versus "functionalists. The "intentionalists" (1) have argued that it was Hitler's intention from the beginning (even before his rise to power) to exterminate the Jews and that the war with Russia was a pretext for that undertaking, at the very least, an integral part of it. Based on his avowed antisemitism as early as Mein Kampf (1923) and his early statements (1939) that Jews would be completely destroyed if they plunged Germany into another world war, these historians have taken the view that all decisions, political and military, were made with an eye to the ultimate extermination of the Jews.
The other point of view, espoused by the "functionalists,(2) has argued that the "Final Solution" was decided upon only after many failed attempts to force Jews to emigrate from Germany and that the closure of possible destinations by the rest of the world combined with the logistical problems of such a massive deportation "forced" the "Final Solution" into existence. Further, these scholars suggest, Hitler's style of leadership, his demand for total loyalty from his subordinates (fuhrerprinzip) and the paranoia they engendered, caused subordinate SS agencies to come up with the Final Solution in early 1942.
[Serious readers are encouraged to take a careful look at Christopher Browning's The Path to Genocide: Essays on Launching the Final Solution, 1992:86-121 for an excellent discussion of this controversy and the middle ground positions which have emerged in recent years.]
The position taken here is that the "Final Solution evolved between 1933 and 1941 as Hitler's political and military fortunes, shifted. Hitler's antisemitism is displayed as early as 1919 in a letter to Adolf Gemlich in which he stated that the Jewish problem would eventually be solved through a process of systematic deprivation of Jews of their privileges and having them classified as foreigners. He concluded by saying that "The final goal, however, must stedfastly remain the removal of the Jews altogether." (cf Christopher Browning, "The Final Solution, Encyclopedia of the Holocaust (ed. Gutman), Vol.II, p.489). The "final goal" was most often articulated in terms of removal of Jews from Germany or the exclusion of Jews from German economic and political life. There were times, however, when Hitler's language was more foreboding, e.g., his comparison of Jews to "bacilli" and his characterization of the Jews as "our greatest evil." His disbelief that Germany could have lost World War I led him to seek a scapegoat for Germany's ills. He found it in the Jews. In Mein Kampf, Hitler outlined his belief that if Germany were to be strong it must be united on the principle of racial purity. He made it clear as early as 1924 that it would be necessary to "rid Germany of all Jews."
But, despite the fact that Hitler was driven by a virulent antisemitism, there is little documentary evidence that his early thinking included the physical extermination of Jews as a matter of official policy. With Hitler's rise to political power, he was necessarily sensitive to world opinion and sought first to force the emigration of Jews to other parts of the world. His ultimate goal was to rid the Reich of Jews. When resettlement via emigration failed, he pursued the "final solution."Source(s): http://www.mtsu.edu/~baustin/finlsol.html
- teresaLv 43 years ago
One of Hitler's faults was once micro-coping with ( and messing up) too many matters throughout the conflict, and there is not any means a resolution of that significance,(the last Solution) might had been made with out his abilities and approval. He acknowledged routinely in speeches main as much as the conflict that he might rid Europe of the Jews. He had the attention camps developed, and placed one in every of his closest confidants (Himmler) responsible of them. Yes, you'll be able to guess that Hitler ordered and knew all approximately the Final Solution.
- 1 decade ago
Omg F*** you!
Hitler was a surpreme Leader that rode the reins of germany coming out of a recession
The final solution was to elimiate all other races so that the "mother" race could survive and reclaim the earth.
HOW COUL'D YOU NOT KNOW THIS! WW2 CHANGED EVERYTHING LIKE 9/11 WAS ALMOST NOTHING COMPARED TO THE DESTRUCTION THAT WW2 CAUSED!
- rann_georgiaLv 71 decade ago
I don't think Hitler came up with the idea but I think it's unlikely to think that he didn't know it wasn't happening. Obviously, he wanted to exterminate other races other than the Aryan.
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- Anonymous1 decade ago
No Sane person can answer that question.