Down syndrome?

Im doing 5 paragraphs about down syndrome...but i dont know how to start it it has to include: intrduction,opening,thesis,history,defenetion,reason1,reason2,&+ reason3. <-- in the first paragraph.

Update:

o lol i ment definition..ahaha

2 Answers

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  • Sage
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    Down syndrome is a chromosomal disorder caused by the presence of all or part of an extra 21st chromosome. It is named after John Langdon Down, the British doctor who described the syndrome in 1866. The disorder was identified as a chromosome 21 trisomy by Jérôme Lejeune in 1959. Often Down syndrome is associated with some impairment of cognitive ability and physical growth as well as facial appearance. Down syndrome can be identified during pregnancy or at birth.

    Individuals with Down syndrome tend to have a lower than average cognitive ability, often ranging from mild to moderate learning disabilities. A small number have severe to profound mental disability. The incidence of Down syndrome is estimated at 1 per 800 to 1,000 births, although these statistics are heavily influenced by the age of the mother -mothers over 40 have a much higher chance of giving birth to a baby with Down Syndrome. .

    Many of the common physical features of Down syndrome also appear in people with a standard set of chromosomes. They may include a single transverse palmar crease (a single instead of a double crease across one or both palms, also called the Simian crease), an almond shape to the eyes caused by a fold of the eyelid, shorter limbs, poor muscle tone, a larger than normal space between the big and second toes, and protruding tongue. Health concerns for individuals with Down syndrome include a higher risk for congenital heart defects, gastroesophageal reflux disease, recurrent ear infections, obstructive sleep apnea, and thyroid dysfunctions.

    Early childhood intervention, screening for common problems, medical treatment where indicated, a conducive family environment, and vocational training can improve the overall development of children with Down syndrome. Although some of the physical genetic limitations of Down syndrome cannot be overcome, education and proper care will improve quality of life.Many people with Down syndreome now live into their 60S. Many work and some marry.

  • 1 decade ago

    I know a lot about the syndrome, but have no way of knowing how to help you. What is your question?

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