Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

There is/are 和There文法問題

請問一下俺實在搞不大懂這三個的關係儘管這是國中教材...

問題一:

there is / there are到底有啥差別~可以給一個生活例句嗎?

問題二:

There + sth. + are + V. 和

There + are + sth.

這兩個底有啥不同呢?

只是那個are放在前面與後面是不是意思就完全不同了?

例如(there are machines ... 與 there machines are ....)

各位英文文法大師,請解答

2 Answers

Rating
  • JACK
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    問題一:

    there is / there are到底有啥差別~可以給一個生活例句嗎?

    (1)「there is」後面接的是「單數可數名詞」或是「不可數名詞」,例句如下:

    Ex.1:There is a car behind you.(你身後有輛車。)

    【其中的「car」是「單數可數名詞」。】

    Ex.2:There is some juice for you in the refrigerator.(冰箱裡有些果汁要給你的。)

    【其中的「juice」是「不可數名詞」。】

    (2)「there are」後頭接的是「複數可數名詞」,例句如下:

    Ex.:There are several students over there.(那裡有幾個學生。)

    【其中的「students」是「複數可數名詞」。】

    (3)「there is」或「there are」的名詞後面,如果有動詞,則要改成「現在分詞」-意思為「有…正在…」,例句如下:

    Ex.1:There is a little girl crying on the sidewalk.(人行道上有個小女孩在哭。)

    Ex.2:There are five dogs running in the park.(公園裡有五條狗在跑。)

    問題二:

    There + sth. + are + V. 和 There + are + sth.

    這兩個底有啥不同呢?

    只是那個are放在前面與後面是不是意思就完全不同了?

    例如(there are machines ... 與 there machines are ....)

    ※個人就直接使用你的例子,加以說明:

    Ex.1:There are machines operated by some workers.(有機器正由些工人在操作。)

    【原句當中,「machines」後面省略了「關係代名詞+Be動詞-which are」;後頭的「operated」是「operate」的「過去分詞」,呈現「被動」的狀態-因為機器總不會自己操作吧?!】

    Ex.2:There machines are operated by some workers.(在那裡機器被ㄧ些工作操作著。)

    【本句當中,「there」自行擺到句首,可視為是「over there-在那裡」的簡略,你也可以說成「Machines are operated by some workers over there.」;而後半部,便跟Ex.1沒啥不同了。】

    Source(s): Jack
  • Pogo
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago

    廢化不多說, 老華僑在這裡簡單的說明:

    There is 後面接單數名詞 (一匹馬, ㄧ個人);

    There are 後面接複數名詞 (一群馬, 一群人)

    examples:

    There is a dog

    There are two dogs

    There is a man

    There are 10 men.

    降子瞭了嗎?

    2008-04-25 06:56:43 補充:

    沒看到第二題:

    There are dogs eating human. (有狗兒們在吃人)

    There dogs are eating human. (在那裡, 狗兒正在吃人)

    There are 是有的意思,

    There....are (那裡, 名詞, 正在)

    降暸嗎?

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