Oct.1956 Hungry, Poland rise up against Soviet rule thousands killed.
Czechoslovakia, 1968 Soviets Crush Prauge Spring, under Alexander Dubczek
1979-83 Solidarity born at Gdansk ship yards, leaders arrested tortured etc. until 85+/- then upon release due to world pressure,Weakened Government under Wojciech Jaruzelski gives consessions etc. Lech Walesa, and many others faced hard times and My friend Rizyard Rachunek was also a leader, he was badly tortured and died in Calfiornia, 1990 at the age of 47, he looked about 70 and I thought he was at least 60, a brilliant man who spoke 8 languages, worked as a janitor to feed his family, but his passion and fortitude was a gift. RIP. I spent several years involved with Solidarity and the anti communist movement, and made many good friends,....
The survival of Solidarity was an unprecedented event not only in Poland, a satellite state of the USSR ruled (in practice) by a one-party Communist regime, but the whole of the Eastern bloc. It meant a break in the hard-line stance of the communist Polish United Workers' Party, which had bloodily ended a 1970 protest with machine gun fire (killing dozens and injuring over 1,000), and the broader Soviet communist regime in the Eastern Bloc, which had quelled both the 1956 Hungarian Uprising and the 1968 Prague Spring with Soviet-led invasions.
Solidarity's influence led to the intensification and spread of anti-communist ideals and movements throughout the countries of the Eastern Bloc, weakening their communist governments. The 1989 elections in Poland where anti-communist candidates won a striking victory sparked off a succession of peaceful anti-communist revolutions in Central and Eastern Europe known as the Revolutions of 1989 (Jesień Ludów). Solidarity's example was in various ways repeated by opposition groups throughout the Eastern Bloc, eventually leading to the Eastern Bloc's effectual dismantling, and contributing to the collapse of the Soviet Union, in the early 1990s
· 1 decade ago