什麼是血沈澱?

血沈澱是什麼?

謂何會有血沈澱?

血沈澱會導致什麼疾病??

1 Answer

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  • sc
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
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    正常ESR(紅血球沉降速率)

    成人(Westergren method):

    Men under 50 years old: less than 15 mm/hr.

    Men over 50 years old: less than 20 mm/hr.

    Women under 50 years old: less than 20 mm/hr.

    Women over 50 years old: less than 30 mm/hr.

    小孩(Westergren method):

    Newborn: 0 to 2 mm/hr.

    Neonatal to puberty: 3 to 13 mm/hr.

    Note: mm/hr. = millimeters per hour.

    以下情形ESR會上升

    Kidney disease

    Pregnancy

    Rheumatic fever

    Rheumatoid arthritis

    Severeanemia

    Syphilis

    Systemic lupus erythematosus

    Thyroid disease

    Tuberculosis

    Other inflammatory conditions

    Markedly elevated values occur with:

    以下情形ESR 會大幅上升

    Giant cell arteritis

    Multiple myeloma

    Macroglobulinemia - primary

    Hyperfibrinogenemia (elevated fibrinogen levels in the blood)

    Necrotizing vasculitis

    Polymyalgia rheumatica

    Lower-than-normal levels occur with:

    這些情形下ESR會小幅下降

    Congestive heart failure

    Hyperviscosity

    Hypofibrinogenemia (decreased fibrinogen levels)

    Low plasma protein (due to liver or kidney disease)

    Polycythemia

    Sickle cell anemia

    2008-04-20 17:12:39 補充:

    Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR), 紅血球沉降速率。定義為 RBC 在重力 1G 的狀態下,一小時的沉積量。為一間接評估急性期反應物 (acute phase reactants) 總量的檢驗,並不非常 specific,與 CRP 比較起來,對病人狀況的改變反應較慢。

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