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Jessie asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

any 和some / while 和 when 的用法?

any , some... 國中文法解釋為some 用肯定, any 用否定和疑問,是嗎?爲什麼?

我看過的例子不是這樣耶...,該如何正確又完整的使用some / any呢?可否給我例子.

Do you have some books? (錯)...爲什麼?

Do you have any books?(對)...爲什麼?

when / while 怎麼區分? while 後面一定是進行式嗎?

4 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1.any 和some :

    如閣下所言,some 用肯定, any 用否定和疑問。這是既定文法,若是多接觸英文文章,即能發現這般的文法定律。

    2.while 和 when :

    一般國中課程會將此二者簡化為同一句型的分辨,不過細分來說此二者有更細微的差別。

    when--其後主詞所接的動詞時態必須與前動詞相同:

    EX:There were times when I didn't know what to do.

    若後面省略主詞接動詞則為進行式:

    EX:Mary got engaged to her when travelling last winter.

    while--若等同"when"解,其用法同上。

    若其意為"然而":

    EX:I like red while he likes blue. 我喜歡紅色,而他喜歡藍色。

    若其意為"儘管、雖然":

    EX:While I like the color of the cell phone, I do not like its functions.

    雖然我喜歡這款手機的顏色,但我不喜歡它的功能。

    另外,while也能作為動詞"消磨(時光)、輕鬆地度過~":

    EX:He whiled away the whole afternoon playing computer games.他玩電腦遊戲消磨了一個下午。

    總歸,若when=while 為"當時"解,其用法應為相同。

    註:國中課程通常將while後的動詞省略,以V-ing形式表現;而when則通常會接包含主詞的句型,所以動詞會跟著前面時態變化。

    2008-04-20 17:45:19 補充:

    關於any 和some ,若是口語化則較無明顯的區分範圍。

    Source(s): 個人知識範圍、字典
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  • 1 decade ago

    其實any 跟some是一種邏輯概念: (注意名詞單負數)

    Do you have any pencil? ->>>外國人是問你有任何一支鉛筆嗎? 若是回答者有一支筆 說yes 若是回答者兩支筆 也是說yes

    Do you have some pencils? ->>> (外國人不可能會問這問題...因為既然你都說some pencils了 就已經知道被問者已經有some pencils了,怎麼可能還要問這種愚蠢的問題呢???)

    有些國小老師都亂教...硬是本末倒置教我們硬背...卻疏忽了邏輯概念...

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  • Lv 4
    1 decade ago

    一看就知道我輸了= =|||

    我自刪好了= =|||

    好可惜~~

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  • 1 decade ago

    Do you have some books? (錯)...因為some適用在肯定

    Do you have any books?(對)...因為any用在疑問及否定

    when / while 怎麼區分? while 後面一定是進行式嗎?

    這我就不太確定ㄌ~~~

    Source(s): 自己
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