Yahoo Answers is shutting down on May 4th, 2021 (Eastern Time) and beginning April 20th, 2021 (Eastern Time) the Yahoo Answers website will be in read-only mode. There will be no changes to other Yahoo properties or services, or your Yahoo account. You can find more information about the Yahoo Answers shutdown and how to download your data on this help page.

Jessie asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

any 和some / while 和 when 的用法?

any , some... 國中文法解釋為some 用肯定, any 用否定和疑問,是嗎?爲什麼?

我看過的例子不是這樣耶...,該如何正確又完整的使用some / any呢?可否給我例子.

Do you have some books? (錯)...爲什麼?

Do you have any books?(對)...爲什麼?

when / while 怎麼區分? while 後面一定是進行式嗎?

4 Answers

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1.any 和some :

    如閣下所言,some 用肯定, any 用否定和疑問。這是既定文法,若是多接觸英文文章,即能發現這般的文法定律。

    2.while 和 when :

    一般國中課程會將此二者簡化為同一句型的分辨,不過細分來說此二者有更細微的差別。

    when--其後主詞所接的動詞時態必須與前動詞相同:

    EX:There were times when I didn't know what to do.

    若後面省略主詞接動詞則為進行式:

    EX:Mary got engaged to her when travelling last winter.

    while--若等同"when"解,其用法同上。

    若其意為"然而":

    EX:I like red while he likes blue. 我喜歡紅色,而他喜歡藍色。

    若其意為"儘管、雖然":

    EX:While I like the color of the cell phone, I do not like its functions.

    雖然我喜歡這款手機的顏色,但我不喜歡它的功能。

    另外,while也能作為動詞"消磨(時光)、輕鬆地度過~":

    EX:He whiled away the whole afternoon playing computer games.他玩電腦遊戲消磨了一個下午。

    總歸,若when=while 為"當時"解,其用法應為相同。

    註:國中課程通常將while後的動詞省略,以V-ing形式表現;而when則通常會接包含主詞的句型,所以動詞會跟著前面時態變化。

    2008-04-20 17:45:19 補充:

    關於any 和some ,若是口語化則較無明顯的區分範圍。

    Source(s): 個人知識範圍、字典
  • 1 decade ago

    其實any 跟some是一種邏輯概念: (注意名詞單負數)

    Do you have any pencil? ->>>外國人是問你有任何一支鉛筆嗎? 若是回答者有一支筆 說yes 若是回答者兩支筆 也是說yes

    Do you have some pencils? ->>> (外國人不可能會問這問題...因為既然你都說some pencils了 就已經知道被問者已經有some pencils了,怎麼可能還要問這種愚蠢的問題呢???)

    有些國小老師都亂教...硬是本末倒置教我們硬背...卻疏忽了邏輯概念...

  • Lv 4
    1 decade ago

    一看就知道我輸了= =|||

    我自刪好了= =|||

    好可惜~~

  • 1 decade ago

    Do you have some books? (錯)...因為some適用在肯定

    Do you have any books?(對)...因為any用在疑問及否定

    when / while 怎麼區分? while 後面一定是進行式嗎?

    這我就不太確定ㄌ~~~

    Source(s): 自己
Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.