- Anonymous1 decade agoBest Answer
Air Quality in Taiwan
As introduced by the Yearbook of the Republic of China:
Air pollution is one of the most serious problems in Taiwan, chiefly because of the heavy traffic and high concentration of industrial plants on the island. The Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) reported in 1997 that there were 4.02 registered factories and 425 motor vehicles for every square kilometer in the Taiwan area. Overall, there were some 15.3 million vehicles (5.28 million cars and 10.03 million motorcycles) registered in the Taiwan area, nearly three for every five people. According to the EPA, vehicular exhaust comprises more than 95 percent of the air pollution in Taipei, Taiwan's largest city.
While strengthened cleanup efforts over the past few years have reduced air pollution, Pollution Standard Index (PSI) readings in Taiwan are still about three times higher than those recorded in the United States and Europe. According to EPA measurements of air quality in the Taiwan area in 1997, ozone topped the list of air pollutants, accounting for 55 percent. Suspended particles was next at 45 percent. The percentage of the days with PSI values greater than 100 for the Kaohsiung and Pingtung area was 18% in 1996. Thus, the EPA established an office in the area and set up an Air Pollution Improvement Project in August 1997. The office conducts total quality control and assists local governments' environmental protection bureaus to eliminate pollution from stationary, mobile, and fugitive sources. By the end of 1997, the percentage of the days in the area with PSI values greater than 100 was lowered to 13.99% (target was 14%), and it is expected to decrease even further to 12% in 1999.
2008-04-21 14:47:49 補充：
To more effectively monitor air pollution, the EPA set up the Taiwan Area Air Quality Monitoring Network, which began formally operating in September 1993.
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By 1998, the network comprised 72 automatic air quality monitoring stations,
2008-04-21 14:49:07 補充：
the network comprised 72 automatic air quality monitoring stations,
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two mobile monitoring vans, one air quality laboratory, five remote work stations. The EPA also divided Taiwan into eight air quality prediction areas and began issuing next-day air quality forecasts islandwide in January 1996.
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On July 1, 1995, the EPA began collecting a broad surcharge on fuel in the form of an air pollution control (APC) fee.
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Under this scheme, a per-liter tax of US$0.006 was imposed on high-grade diesel fuel, and an additional US$0.006 was tacked on to the price of leaded gasoline.
2008-04-21 14:49:54 補充：
Taxes of US$0.24 per kg on exhausted NOX and US$0.3 per kg on exhausted SOX were also levied. In fiscal year 1998, the APC fee system generated almost US$135 million.
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The funds collected from APC fees are earmarked for carrying out air pollution control programs, such as implementing air quality improvement plans at the local level,
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establishing environmental conservancy parks, and subsidizing the purchase of electric motorcycles and the conversion of automobile engines to make them run on liquefied petroleum gas (LPG).
2008-04-21 14:50:25 補充：
The first LPG station for such converted automobiles in Taipei City was opened on March 15, 1996. Two more LPG stations are working now in Taichung and Kaohsiung counties.
2008-04-21 14:50:52 補充：Source(s): Chebika&網際網路, Chebika