Where all of the slaves captured during the trans atlantic slave trade captured by other africans?

Im currently reading Roots by Alex Haley. Me and a friend recently got into a debate over the story and slavery in general. He stated that the idea of the European slave traders directly encountering africans and using nets and guns to capture them was a myth to embelish the story and that most if not all slaves where sold into slavery by other africans. I do agree that alot of slaves where sold ito slavery by other africans some where directly enslaved by europeans. Can anyone with some knowledge on the subject shed some light on the situation?

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
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    Europeans were encouraged not to enter Africas interior so they built ports/castles on the coast and began trade with African men in power or anyone who could get their hands on what the Europeans wanted. The main exports from Africa were Gold and Humans. When Gold was scarse would humans thrive while humans were scarse Gold would thrive vis versa

    Kidnappers (slave abductors) 63%

    These were native African people who made a living kidnapping vunrable people at vunrable times in order to make a living (common gangster). Their personality's were most likely lazy and greedy or in poverty or just evil. In gangs they would venture to communities at nigth and mostly take little children in the morning they could capture kids who were playing out of sight. I believe many of these people were caught in the act and themselves sold into slavery through the justice system or killed at the spot remember the general populations were against selling their peoples to the coast.

    Kings, Leaders, Chiefs & their men armies 20%

    These were the African men in power and most closest with the European merchants and in a sense European leaders even though the two never met face to face. European Merchants at the coast were supplying them muskets in return for Gold or humans. When these leaders were able to gather gold and sell they simply did but when it became scarce they indulged in purpose wars with neighboring kingdoms/ communities in order to have prisoners of war which could be sold to these merchants to replace the scarce gold.

    Justice system 15%

    In some communities most likely costly on near found it easier to sell of their criminals and gain some merchandise for the community in return for their criminal being banished from the community for good. Most criminals sold on were most likely kidnappers (slave abductors) whom got caught and sold into slavery themselves. Murderer and rapist were most likely also sold off.

    Family 1%

    Some family who found offspring out of controll or a future problem could be sold of to save hassle in future while gaining goods in return I belive these families would of had to been sick or broken and sometimes very poor. Also young women who most likley didnt want their baby could easily sell he/she on and also gain some goods in return as abortion was not an option those days anywhere on earth nor was adoption something I could think of happening during a major slave trade.

    European Merchants 1%

    Of course on some occasions were European merchants able to get their hands on vulnerable Africans and gain a slave free off charge. Many tactics and tricks were used but on the coastal areas and made sure not to get caught as unknown what the consequence would be. They could flash European goods at a crowd of young children prompting them to run on board their ships or into their castle where they simply kidnapped them from there but this was the least source of their slaves as I know this must of been un common.

    Remember none of these groups except the Europeans and maybe the Kings didnt know where these captured people were going or what their fate was in the hands of those merchants some didnt even know they were going on ships or that Europeans were the last to have them on the continent before they ship them out it was dark times for many African regions where today it is still scared from its long lasted effects.

    And you can not blame Africans themselves it was the minority who could care less about another and were greedy the majority opposed the whole trade. Only 19 out of 53 African countries had kingdoms involved in the trade.

    Source(s): 1450-1850 : 32,000,000 captured (80,000 annual rate) Nigeria 22% 7,040,000 Democratic Republic of Congo 20% 6,400,000 Angola:13% 4,160,000 Ghana: 10.3% 3,296,000 Republic of Congo 6.3% 2,016,000 Cameroon: 5% 1,600,000 Senegal: 4% 1,280,000 Benin: 4% 1,280,000 Mozambique 3% 960,000 Guinea 2.4% 768,000 Togo 2.1% 672,000 Equatorial Guinea: 2% 640,000 Madagascar: 1.6% 512,000 Sierra Leone: 1% 3,20,000 Cote d' Ivoire: 1% 3,20,000 The Gambia: 0.8% 256,000 Liberia 0.7% 224,000 Gabon: 0.6% 192,000 Guinea-Bissau 0.2% 64,000 20,000,000 death toll (internal Africa to coastal Africa forced journey, middle passage (Atlantic ocean), torture malnutrition/hunger and disease) 12,000,000 arrive alive in the Americas
  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    You cannot say all of them were but a good percentage of them were captured to trade with the Spanish later in the trans atlantic slave trade. They traded men for goods and weapons which made everybody happy. They were captured by nets and then chained together to board the boats. A nasty business

  • 1 decade ago

    nets and guns lol, they would just take so many people from one culture and trade with another country for people of there culture. if they never traded it would of just been all people of same culture with some of them being slaves, and slavery would not of lasted as long as it did like that.

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    arabs were the main people in the capture and sale of africans,although their own people did quite a lot of it as well.

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