Not specifically, but the Casinos do have regulations in place that severely limit the effectiveness of the Martingale system (not that it's all that smart to begin with). Most roulette tables have a minimum and a maximum bet that you are allowed to make, as well as a maximum payout. These three things make the Martingale system nearly impossible to profit from. It only takes a few losses before you run into the table maximum, which blows the central principle of the Martingale system out of the water.
Whether or not there is a max payout depends on the casino I guess, because I have seen some with a max payout as a way to control inside betting. If someone hits a straight up and a split bet (and yes, I've seen people do this) then you can win a lot of money on a single spin, so some roulette tables have a max payout per spin.