If you're defining "against the beat" by playing or clapping on the eighths of each quarter rather than on the quarter, or even on say, 1 and 3 rather than the traditional 2 and 4, I have a hunch, that "select" isn't the proper term.
I think of when I see a large crowd of people clapping to music or in time, there are those that are on the "up" of the beat.
I'm willing to theorize that playing against the beat from percussion to strings is a "recessive" ability. The dominant ability is how we are attracted to common time, 2 and 4, etc. Think of the unsettling psychological effect of listening to 5/4 in symphonic pieces as an example.
Notice that people, when they clasp their own hands, feel more comfortable with either the right thumb on top or the left thumb on top. Off hand, (pun intended) I can't recall which is the recessive or dominant, but the point I'm making is clear.
If not, try interlocking your fingers with the left thumb on top and with the right thumb on top. Your phenotype status is the one you're most comfortable with. One is recessive and one dominant, (and like I said I can't remember which) but I'm theorizing that the rhythm issue is, perhaps, similar.
Naturally, this is only my theory, I'm sure if any of us researched it, I'd be way off.
My experience playing drums, observing large crowds clapping, and my past biology and anthropology classes.