The "Patterson" case was decided with the "Powell v. Alabama" case, so here is details of "Powell":
Facts of the Case:
Nine black youths -- young, ignorant, and illiterate -- were accused of raping two white women. Alabama officials sprinted through the legal proceedings: a total of three trials took one day and all nine were sentenced to death. Alabama law required the appointment of counsel in capital cases, but the attorneys did not consult with their clients and had done little more than appear to represent them at the trial. This cases was decided together with Patterson v. Alabama and Weems v. Alabama.
Did the trials violate the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment?
Yes. The Court held that the trials denied due process because the defendants were not given reasonable time and opportunity to secure counsel in their defense. Though Justice George Sutherland did not rest the Court holding on the right-to-counsel guarantee of the Sixth Amendment, he repeatedly implicated that guarantee. This case was an early example of national constitutional protection in the field of criminal justice.
Norris v. State of Alabama, 294 U.S. 587 [Segregation]
1935, Scottsboro, Alabama
Court Opinion Delivered by: Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes
Attorney for the Plaintiff: Samuel S. Leibowitz, Walter H. Pollak, Osmond K. Frankel, Carl S. Stern
Attorney for the Defendant: Thomas E. Knight, Jr.
In 1931, Clarence Norris and eight other black youths were convicted of raping two white women and sentenced to death by a jury in Scottsboro, Alabama. Norris and the others appealed their convictions. This case was heard by the U.S. Supreme Court along with Powell et al v. State of Alabama as part of the 1932 landmark “Scottsboro Boys” cases. The Court reversed the decision of the Alabama Supreme Court on the basis that due process and equal protection had been denied the youths because blacks were prohibited from serving on Alabama juries.
Hope this helps. :-)