Ru asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

這是食品類的(菌種)可以幫我翻一下嗎

這是食品類的

Abstract

Ochratoxigenic mycobiota in grapes from representative wine regions in Valencia was identified. Black aspergilli were predominant among the

different Aspergillus spp. isolated. Restriction digestion analysis of the ITS products was tested as a rapid method to identify isolates of black

Aspergillus species from grapes. Restriction endonuclease digestion of the ITS products using the endonucleases HhaI, NlaIII and RsaI,

distinguished five types of restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) corresponding to Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus tubingensis, Aspergillus

carbonarius and Aspergillus aculeatus species. In addition, a new RFLP type in the A. niger aggregate was identified. The fragments obtained

by digestion with the endonuclease NlaIII could be used to identify these new isolates. Black Aspergillus isolates were tested for their ability to

produce OTA. Most of the isolates that produced ochratoxin A in YES medium belonged to A. carbonarius species. These results support evidence

that A. carbonarious greatly contributes to OTA contamination in grapes and consequently in wine. The ITS-RFLP assay is proposed as a rapid and

easy method to identify black Aspergillus species isolated from grapes, especially in studies that involve a large number of isolates.

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    摘要

    Ochratoxigenic mycobiota在葡萄從代表性酒地區在巴倫西亞被辨認了。 黑麴黴菌在之中是主要的

    另外麴黴菌spp。 隔绝。 制約對它的產品的消化分析被測試作為一個迅速方法辨認黑色孤立

    麴黴菌種類從葡萄。 制約它的產品的核酸內切酶消化使用核酸內切酶HhaI、NlaIII和RsaI,

    制約的卓越的五個類型分割對應於天門皂腳,麴黴菌 tubingensis,麴黴菌的長度多形性(RFLP)

    carbonarius和麴黴菌aculeatus種類。 另外,一個新的RFLP類型在 A。 尼日爾聚集體被辨認了。 片段獲得了

    由消化與核酸內切酶NlaIII能用於辨認這些新的孤立。 黑麴黴菌孤立為他們的能力被測試了

    產物OTA。 大多孤立被生產的赫麴黴素A在是媒介屬於A。 carbonarius種類。 這些結果支持證據

    那A。 carbonarious對OTA汙穢很大地貢獻在葡萄和因而在酒。 ITS-RFLP分析用試樣提議作為急流和

    辨認黑麴黴菌種類的容易的方法隔绝與葡萄,特別是在介入很大數量的孤立的研究中。

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    Lv 6
    1 decade ago

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