The Holocaust?

I need help in finding some information about the Holocaust and I mean everything! I could use some info from u guys but mostly some good websites. Thanks!! (Im doing extra credit for school cause i need it lol!)

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  • 1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. "Holocaust" is a word of Greek origin meaning "sacrifice by fire." The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were "racially superior" and that the Jews, deemed "inferior," were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community.

    During the era of the Holocaust, German authorities also targeted other groups because of their perceived "racial inferiority": Roma (Gypsies), the disabled, and some of the Slavic peoples (Poles, Russians, and others). Other groups were persecuted on political, ideological, and behavioral grounds, among them Communists, Socialists, Jehovah's Witnesses, and homosexuals.

    In 1933, the Jewish population of Europe stood at over nine million. Most European Jews lived in countries that Nazi Germany would occupy or influence during World War II. By 1945, the Germans and their collaborators killed nearly two out of every three European Jews as part of the "Final Solution," the Nazi policy to murder the Jews of Europe. Although Jews, whom the Nazis deemed a priority danger to Germany, were the primary victims of Nazi racism, other victims included some 200,000 Roma (Gypsies). At least 200,000 mentally or physically disabled patients, mainly Germans, living in institutional settings, were murdered in the so-called Euthanasia Program.

    As Nazi tyranny spread across Europe, the Germans and their collaborators persecuted and murdered millions of other people. Between two and three million Soviet prisoners of war were murdered or died of starvation, disease, neglect, or maltreatment. The Germans targeted the non-Jewish Polish intelligentsia for killing, and deported millions of Polish and Soviet civilians for forced labor in Germany or in occupied Poland, where these individuals worked and often died under deplorable conditions. From the earliest years of the Nazi regime, German authorities persecuted homosexuals and others whose behavior did not match prescribed social norms. German police officials targeted thousands of political opponents (including Communists, Socialists, and trade unionists) and religious dissidents (such as Jehovah's Witnesses). Many of these individuals died as a result of incarceration and maltreatment.

    In the early years of the Nazi regime, the National Socialist government established concentration camps to detain real and imagined political and ideological opponents. Increasingly in the years before the outbreak of war, SS and police officials incarcerated Jews, Roma, and other victims of ethnic and racial hatred in these camps. To concentrate and monitor the Jewish population as well as to facilitate later deportation of the Jews, the Germans and their collaborators created ghettos, transit camps, and forced-labor camps for Jews during the war years. The German authorities also established numerous forced-labor camps, both in the so-called Greater German Reich and in German-occupied territory, for non-Jews whose labor the Germans sought to exploit.

    Following the invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941, Einsatzgruppen (mobile killing units) and, later, militarized battalions of Order Police officials, moved behind German lines to carry out mass-murder operations against Jews, Roma, and Soviet state and Communist Party officials. German SS and police units, supported by units of the Wehrmacht and the Waffen SS, murdered more than a million Jewish men, women, and children, and hundreds of thousands of others. Between 1941 and 1944, Nazi German authorities deported millions of Jews from Germany, from occupied territories, and from the countries of many of its Axis allies to ghettos and to killing centers, often called extermination camps, where they were murdered in specially developed gassing facilities.

    In the final months of the war, SS guards moved camp inmates by train or on forced marches, often called “death marches,” in an attempt to prevent the Allied liberation of large numbers of prisoners. As Allied forces moved across Europe in a series of offensives against Germany, they began to encounter and liberate concentration camp prisoners, as well as prisoners en route by forced march from one camp to another. The marches continued until May 7, 1945, the day the German armed forces surrendered unconditionally to the Allies. For the western Allies, World War II officially ended in Europe on the next day, May 8 (V-E Day), while Soviet forces announced their “Victory Day” on May 9, 1945.

    In the aftermath of the Holocaust, many of the survivors found shelter in displaced persons (DP) camps administered by the Allied powers. Between 1948 and 1951, almost 700,000 Jews emigrated to Israel, including 136,000 Jewish displaced persons from Europe. Other Jewish DPs emigrated to the United States and other nations. The last DP camp closed in 1957. The crimes committed during the Holocaust devastated most European Jewish communities and eliminated hundreds of Jewish communities in occupied eastern Europe entirely.

    The Holocaust (also called Shoah in Hebrew) refers to the period from January 30, 1933, when Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany, to May 8, 1945 (V­E Day), when the war in Europe ended. During this time, Jews in Europe were subjected to progressively harsh persecution that ultimately led to the murder of 6,000,000 Jews (1.5 million of these being children) and the destruction of 5,000 Jewish communities. These deaths represented two-thirds of European Jewry and one-third of world Jewry. The Jews who died were not casualties of the fighting that ravaged Europe during World War II. Rather, they were the victims of Germany's deliberate and systematic attempt to annihilate the entire Jewish population of Europe, a plan Hitler called the “Final Solution” (Endlosung).

    After its defeat in World War I, Germany was humiliated by the Versailles Treaty, which reduced its prewar territory, drastically reduced its armed forces, demanded the recognition of its guilt for the war, and stipulated it pay reparations to the allied powers. The German Empire destroyed, a new parliamentary government called the Weimar Republic was formed. The republic suffered from economic instability, which grew worse during the worldwide depression after the New York stock market crash in 1929. Massive inflation followed by very high unemployment heightened existing class and political differences and began to undermine the government.

    On January 30, 1933, Adolf Hitler, leader of the National Socialist German Workers (Nazi) Party, was named chancellor by president Paul von Hindenburg after the Nazi party won a significant percentage of the vote in the elections of 1932. The Nazi Party had taken advantage of the political unrest in Germany to gain an electoral foothold. The Nazis incited clashes with the communists, who many feared, disrupted the government with demonstrations, and conducted a vicious propaganda campaign against its political opponents-the weak Weimar government, and the Jews, whom the Nazis blamed for Germany's ills.

    Propaganda: “The Jews Are Our Misfortune”

    A major tool of the Nazis' propaganda assault was the weekly Nazi newspaper Der Stürmer (The Attacker). At the bottom of the front page of each issue, in bold letters, the paper proclaimed, "The Jews are our misfortune!" Der Stürmer also regularly featured cartoons of Jews in which they were caricatured as hooked-nosed and ape­like. The influence of the newspaper was far-reaching: by 1938 about a half million copies were distributed weekly.

    Soon after he became chancellor, Hitler called for new elections in an effort to get full control of the Reichstag, the German parliament, for the Nazis. The Nazis used the government apparatus to terrorize the other parties. They arrested their leaders and banned their political meetings. Then, in the midst of the election campaign, on February 27, 1933, the Reichstag building burned. A Dutchman named Marinus van der Lubbe was arrested for the crime, and he swore he had acted alone. Although many suspected the Nazis were ultimately responsible for the act, the Nazis managed to blame the Communists, thus turning more votes their way.

    The fire signaled the demise of German democracy. On the next day, the government, under the pretense of controlling the Communists, abolished individual rights and protections: freedom of the press, assembly, and expression were nullified, as well as the right to privacy. When the elections were held on March 5, the Nazis received nearly 44 percent of the vote, and with 8 percent offered by the Conservatives, won a majority in the government.

    The Nazis moved swiftly to consolidate their power into a dictatorship. On March 23, the Enabling Act was passed. It sanctioned Hitler’s dictatorial efforts and legally enabled him to pursue them further. The Nazis marshaled their formidable propaganda machine to silence their critics. They also developed a sophisticated police and military force.

    The Sturmabteilung (S.A., Storm Troopers), a grassroots organization, helped Hitler undermine the German democracy. The Gestapo (Geheime Staatspolizei, Secret State Police), a force recruited from professional police officers, was given complete freedom to arrest anyone after February 28. The Schutzstaffel (SS, Protection Squad) served as Hitler’s personal bodyguard and eventually controlled the concentration camps and the Gestapo. The Sicherheitsdienst des Reichsführers­SS (S.D., Security Service of the SS) functioned as the Nazis' intelligence service, uncovering enemies and keeping them under surveillance.

    With this police infrastructure in place, opponents of the Nazis were terrorized, be

    Source(s): http www.ushmm.org/wlc/articlephp? http://www.jewishvirtuallyllibrary.org/jsource/Hol...
  • noga
    Lv 4
    3 years ago

    Three approaches to reply this. one million.) Obidience and compliance- MIlgrams popular research used to be provoked by means of the holocaust. He located, of usual daily Americans off the road, 60% could hold electricuting a few till they died (they believed) if advised to. The inspiration is you quit accountability to anyone of greater rank (a an identical factor used to be implemented to the American soilders bombing a villiage of females and kids in Vietnam) two.) Depersonalisation: In any case of genocide, there are a couple of common stipulations: an us - them perspective closer to the percieved underclass, depersonalistion of the perceived underclass (Jews, darkish skinned races, homosexuals had been viewed lesser than the ultimate race), blaming them for all of the issues, believing that the nation is in a state of main issue - an severe resolution is wanted, and a powerful chief three.) More just lately, psychologists have brushed aside Milgram's view a minimum of because it applies to the greater stage of the chain of command (it could nonetheless observe to you bulldozer driving force). Several of the camp guards actively and imagineitively interpreted orders that didn't actuall name for the holocaust, orders being very indistinct. There used to be an air of competetion for Hitler's favour. The guards had been dedicated to what they had been doing, knew what they had been doing, and so they suggestion it used to be the proper factor to do. They suggestion they had been killing an enamy, they take at the ideology of the organization that condones this behavoir Most of the humans that had been "accountable" had been sentenced on the nuremberg trial. Others scale back down had been much more likely to be (or a minimum of think) they had been simply following orders, consequently averting guilt that could make them suicide. Those that took at the ideology could now not think guilt

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Which Holocaust are you talking about.The Jewish one?approx 6 million killed.The Chinese holocaust under Mao,approx 20 million murdered.Soviet Russia's 20 million killed under Stalin.When schools talk about holocausts they should be more specific.Many races suffered not just the Jews.the Jews are powerful in the media(U.S newspapers and Hollywood movies)hence holocaust=Jews.

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    1- Diary of Anne Frank (by Anne Frank)

    2- Night (Elie Wiesel)

    3- Schindlers List (a movie by Steven Spielberg, you will like this)

    4- Mein Kampf (by Hitler himself)

    [I can also email you this speech that a holocaust victim gave if you would like!)

    Hope this was helpful, there are tonnes more I can give you

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  • 1 decade ago

    try these websites. and teachers love the main things on the holocaust like d-day, night of the broken windows, getting some trials people have had, and Anne Frank. Try mentioning the Hitler was jewish and a total hipicrit

    http://library.thinkquest.org/12307/ghettos.html

    http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&Modul...

    http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holoca...

  • 1 decade ago

    Remember_the_Holocaust@YahooGroups

    ushmm.org

    yadvashem.org

    Any specific questions? Let us have them after you've decided on what you're going to work on. Then we can really help you.

    He was not Jewish - just a narcissistic, Napoleonic loser.

    The young lady indicated that she was looking for sources so she could do the project HERSELF. Refreshingly - she DID NOT DEMAND that we do it for her. Kudos, Dance_Sing! Best of Luck! We WILL help you when you decide what you want to concentrate on.

    Let's allow her to do it the proper way and NOT write the bloody thing for her, or the others who DEMAND.

    Thank you.

    Source(s): History teacher encouraged by this question and discouraged by folks who want to show off.
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