kaman asked in 文學及人文學歷史 · 1 decade ago

古代5大姓氏-文 的英文翻譯 (10分)!!!

文氏:

系承姬氏 家世背景光彩

文氏之系出圣君周文王,过去的姓氏学者都已经考证得清清楚楚,大家所公认不讳的结论,以《风俗通》一书的记载为代表。

书上是这样写的:“周文王支庶,以谥为氏。”所谓文王庶,就是许文叔。换言之,文氏家族不但拥有一位万世共钦的杰出得姓始祖,同时,追本溯源,他们还是黄帝轩辕氏的姬姓子孙,家世背景真是光彩极了。

出身高贵,表现更卓越,早在两三千年以前,周文王的这一支子孙,就为整个家族建立了崇高的家声。像春秋时代勾践复国的大功臣文种,便是最为显著的例子。

到了宋代,“天地有正气,杂然赋流形……”集天地正气于一身的文天祥,不用说更是为世世代代的后人所熟悉。这位民族英雄一生顶天立地的伟大事迹。根据《宋史》的记载,大致是这样的:

吉水(今江西省吉水县)人,字宋瑞,又字履善,号文山。理宗时,举进士第一,知赣州。德á初,元兵入侵,天祥发郡中豪杰及溪硐山蛮,应诏勤王,拜右丞相。奉使入元军议和,被执,至镇江,夜遁,辗转至温州。益王立,召至福州,进左丞相,都督江西,为元兵所败,走循州。卫王立,封信国公,进屯潮阳。又为元将张弘范所败,被执,拘燕三年,终不屈,遂被杀。临刑作正气歌以见志,元世祖称为真男子。

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  • Mr.
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    Wen: Is receives Ji family background background brilliance Wen is the enlightened emperor week , the past surname scholars all already textually researched clearly, everybody recognized the candidly conclusion, "Passed a book record take Custom" as the representative. In the book is writes like this: "The week concubine's child, take as." So-called is multitudious, is Xu Wenshu. In other words, Wen family not only has a Wan Shigong Qin to be outstanding is surnamed the first ancestor, simultaneously, races to the source, they or the Yellow Emperor shaft professional female entertainer were surnamed the descendants, the family background background really are the brilliance extremely. Family background noble, performance more remarkable, as early as before 23,000 years, week this descendants, established for the entire family have been lofty. Cancels like the Spring and Autumn Period treads the duplicate country's the big person who has rendered meritorious service type of document, then is the most remarkable example. To Song Dynasty, "the world had the healthy tendency, is mixed however bestows on the manifold... ... " The collection world healthy tendency to body Wen Tianxiang, does not need to say was is familiar with for the for generations posterity. This national hero life is indomitable spirit great fact. According to "Song History" the record, approximately is such: Jishui (now Jiangxi Province Jishui County) person, character Song Switzerland, also the character shoe is friendly, number Wenshan. When principle ancestor, lifts the successful candidate in the highest imperial examinations first, knows Ganzhou. Germany at the beginning of, a Yuan soldier invades, the day auspicious sends in the county bold to be outstanding and the brook mountain barbarian, receives orders from the emperor Emperor Qinwang, does obeisance right prime minister. enters Yuan Jun to negotiate peace, is held, to Zhenjiang, the night escapes, goes through many places to

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