The seperation of home and workplace which is described as 'traditonal' in this question, has only been 'traditional' for a comparatively short period of human time.
prior to the industrial revolution, most people worked in or near their own homes, and the worlds of home and work overlapped much more than they do now. businesses tended to be family affairs, with wives and children involved as well as husbands.
Moreover, cleaning the house was not the woman's primary duty for most of histoyr, in fact housecleaning had very low priority up untilt he 19th century. Before the era of industrialisation, most women were producers. they were expected to preserve food, make their own butter and cheese, brew their own beer, make other household items like candles, and above all to spin wool and flax into thread to make clothes. often a woman would be engaged in producing materials both for home use and for the market place, she might sell the ale she brewed for istance, or the butter and cheese she made in he dairy, and she could be spinning thread for sale as well as for home use. Widows would often run businesses after their husbands died, and some women were succesful in business in their own right.
And women could be apprenticed to all sorts of trades, particularly the texitle trade, but all sorts of others as well,there were some women doctors in medieval times for instance.
And because men were mostly working at home, they got to see a lot of their children, as long as the children were at home. However, a lot of children left home at quite an early age to go and work as apprentices or servants in other people's houses.
And the degree of education available to women ahs always been variable, but most women of the upper and middle classes throughout history have at least been able to learn to read and write, and there have been women writers throughout history. Some medieval nuns in particular became well-known scholars. And every age has produced some fine women writers, even when female education was at a very low ebb, the late 18th century gave us jane Austen for example. And there were all those intellectual French ladies who ran salons during the 18th century.
The notion of 'seperate spheres' became popular in the 18th century as work pattersn began to change and industrialisation meant that people were going out to work instead of staying at home. A lot of women of course were going out to work as well, since many men did not earn enough money to support a family, and children too would work as soon as they were old enough.
However, when the economic status of some families improved, so that men who had previously had working wives could afford to keep them at home, most women were quite happy with this situation. A lot of jobs apart from housework are boring, repetetive and low skilled, and women worked at many of them.
You obviously have the fixed idea, quite common nowadays, that working outside the home is the only meaningfull way for a person to spend their time, and that women at home must of course be bored and frustated. Howwever, this is not the case as far as I am concerned. I always found working extremely boring, and dull though housework is, i can stop and take a break whenever I like, which is more than can be said for most employment outside the home.
I remember Alice Thomas Ellis, talking about her own 1930s childhood, said that she always felt sorry for the men going off to work, when the women and children could go for a picnic if they wanted to. Why do you assume that being in the workplace must necessarily be more interesting than being at home? A lot of workplaces are very dull indeed.
'medieval Women' by Eileen power
'Women in England: 1500-1750' by Anne Laurence
'America's Women' by Gail Collins
'A World of Their own making: a history of myth and ritual in family life' by John R. Gillis