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Anonymous asked in Society & CultureReligion & Spirituality · 1 decade ago

HELP on RELiGi0NS PLEASE^_^?

Please give me the *time period associated with the beginning of each religion

*Location associated with where each religion began

*Major prophets/figures

*Major books and literature

*Four doctrines, beliefs, or practices

--Buddhism

--Christianity

--Hinduism

--Islam

--Judaism

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    BUDDHISM (6th century BC)

    · named after the "Buddha", a prince of Lumbini, Nepal originally Siddhartha Gautama.

    BOOKS

    Southern Buddhism

    · The Dhammapada and The Sutta Nipâta (SBE10),

    Dhammapada tr. by Max Müller; Sutta-Nipâta tr. by V. Fausböll [1881]

    · Buddhist Suttas (SBE11)

    Translated from Pâli by T.W. Rhys Davids [1881]

    · Vinaya Texts (Part I) (SBE13)

    Translated from the Pâli by T.W. Rhys Davids and Herman Oldenberg. [1881] The Pâtimokkha and The Mahâvagga, I-IV.

    · Vinaya Texts (Part II) (SBE17)

    Translated from the Pâli by T.W. Rhys Davids and Herman Oldenberg. [1882] The Mahâvagga, V-X, and The Kullavagga, I-III.

    · Vinaya Texts (Part III) (SBE20)

    Translated from the Pâli by T.W. Rhys Davids and Herman Oldenberg. [1885] The Kullavagga, IV-XII.

    Doctrines: http://www.religioustolerance.org/buddhism.htm

    CHRISTIANITY (officially recognized, 33 AD [Pentecostal])

    · named after a Jewish carpenter's son, called Jesus of Nazareth (Yeshua ben Yosef) and celebrated as the blessed Messiah (Greek: Christos) in Judeo-Christian circles

    BOOKS

    · The Scriptures

    · Hypertext Bible Index

    · The King James Bible

    · The Vulgate (Latin Bible)

    · The Apocrypha

    Bible Commentary

    · The Complete Sayings of Jesus

    by Arthur Hinds, int. by Norman Vincent Peale [1927]

    Read everything Jesus says in the New Testament in one sitting.

    [Gnosis]

    · Pistis Sophia

    Translated by G.R.S. Mead [1921].

    · Corpus Hermeticum

    Translated by G.R.S. Mead

    · The Hymn of Jesus, Echoes from the Gnosis tr. by G.R.S. Mead [1907].

    · The Apostles' Creed

    · Nicene Creed

    · The Athanasian Creed

    · The Confessions Of Saint Augustine [401 C.E.]

    · Writings of the Early Church Fathers

    [Christian Classics Ethereal Library ]

    · The Works of Dionysius the Areopagite (ca. 400 C.E.)

    by Dionysius the Areopagite, tr. by John Parker [1897]

    A very early Christian mystic writer with Neoplatonist influences.

    Doctrines/history: http://www.religioustolerance.org/christ.htm

    HINDUISM (est. 4000 - 2500 BC as polytheistic systems)

    · a henotheistic religion espousing belief in a single deity, that views other Gods and Goddesses (e.g., Ganesha, Shiva, Krishna, Durga, Kali, Lakshmi, Saraswati, Jagannath, Hunuman, et al.) as manifestations or aspects of that supreme God. Consists of [thousands of different religious groups that have evolved in India since 1500 BCE]. Dominant throughout India, Nepal, and among the Tamils in Sri Lanka.

    [Gods/Goddesses in Hindu: http://www.sanatansociety.org/hindu_gods_and_godde... ]

    BOOKS

    Rig Veda

    The Rig-Veda

    translated by Ralph Griffith [1896]

    A complete English translation of the Rig Veda.

    Rig-Veda (Sanskrit)

    The complete Rig Veda in Sanskrit, in Unicode Devanagari script and standard romanization.

    A Vedic Reader for Students (excerpts)

    by A.A. Macdonell [1917]

    An introduction to the Dramatis Personæ of the Rig Veda.

    Sama Veda

    The Sama-Veda

    translated by Ralph Griffith [1895]

    A collection of hymns used by the priests during the Soma sacrifice. Many of these duplicate in part or in whole hymns from the Rig Veda. This is a complete translation.

    Yajur Veda

    The Yajur Veda (Taittiriya Sanhita)

    translated by Arthur Berriedale Keith [1914]

    A complete translation of the Black Yajur Veda. The Yajur Veda is a detailed manual of the Vedic sacrificial rites.

    The Texts of the White Yajurveda

    translated by Ralph T.H. Griffith [1899]

    A complete translation of the White Yajur Veda.

    Atharva Veda

    The Atharva Veda also contains material from the Rig Veda, but of interest are the numerous incantations and metaphysical texts, which this anthology (part of the Sacred Books of the East series) collects and categorizes. The Atharva Veda was written down much later than the rest of the Vedas, about 200 B.C.; it may have been composed about 1000 B.C.

    The Hymns of the Atharvaveda

    translated by Ralph T.H. Griffith [1895-6]

    The unabridged Atharva Veda translation by Ralph Griffith.

    The Atharva-Veda

    translated by Maurice Bloomfield [1897]

    (Sacred Books of the East, Vol. 42)

    The Sacred Books of the East translation of the Atharva-veda. Selected hymns from the Atharva-veda.

    Doctrines: http://www.religioustolerance.org/hinduism.htm

    ISLAM (Arabia - 600-620 AD)

    · [from the messenger, Muhammad of Allah] "Islam is to testify that there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, to perform the prayers, to pay the zakat, to fast in Ramadhan, and to make the pilgrimage to the House if you are able to do so." (Pillars of Faith) Derived from the Arabic word "Salam", which is often interpreted as meaning "peace." However "submission" would be a better translation. Muhammad was born relatively recently, in the late 6th century CE, about the year 570 in the trade regions of ancient Syria.

    BOOKS

    Qur'an

    The Qur'an is the primary text of Islam, revealed to the Prophet Muhammed beginning in the year 610 C.E. It was canonicalized between 644 and 656. The Qur'an is required reading for anyone who wants to understand Islam. Qur'an means "The Recital" in Arabic; according to the story, the angel Gabriel commanded Muhammed to "Recite!".

    Hypertext Qur'an

    This page links together all of the Qur'an versions at this site.

    Unicode Qur'an

    The Arabic text of the Qur'an presented using Unicode. For more information on Unicode see this file. Includes a parallel transliteration into the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA).

    Hadith

    The Hadith, second only to the Qur'an in importance and authority, are collections of Islamic traditions and laws (Sunna). This includes traditional sayings of Muhammed and later Islamic sages. By the ninth century over 600,000 Hadith had been recorded; these were later edited down to about 25,000.

    Sufi Texts

    Sufism is a mystical Islamic belief system. It is renowned for its contributions to world literature: beautiful symbolic poetry and devotional story-telling, much of which was translated in the 19th century by European scholars and travellers.

    Doctrine(s): http://www.religioustolerance.org/isl_intr.htm

    JUDAISM (est. 2000 BC, Abrahamic)

    · Judaism is an Abrahamic religion -- faiths which recognize Abraham as a Patriarch. Circa 2000 BCE, the G-d of the ancient Israelites established a divine covenant with Abraham, making him the patriarch of many nations. Also, the name "Judaism" is likened to the Biblical tribe of Judah, of the Israelite peoples of Abraham's lineage.

    BOOKS

    Tanakh (Hebrew Bible)

    The Tanakh is the Hebrew Bible, the quintessential sacred text. The first five books of this comprise the Torah (or Pentateuch), the core sacred writings of the ancient Jews, traditionally written by Moses under divine inspiration.

    Talmud and Mishna

    The Babylonian Talmud

    Translated by M.L. Rodkinson [1918]

    A massive ten volume abridgement of the Talmud, the Jewish compendium of law and tradition, the only extensive public domain translation. Presented for the first time anywhere on the Internet at sacred-texts.com.

    The Talmud: Selections

    by H. Polano [1876]

    One of the first anthologies of Talmudic lore, and still one of the best.

    Haggada

    Legends of the Jews

    by Louis Ginzberg [1909].

    A huge collection of traditional stories which have grown up around the Bible narrative.

    Kabbalah

    The Kabbalah Unveiled

    S.L. MacGregor Mathers, Translator. [1912]

    An extensive introduction to the Kabbalah. Translations of three texts from branch of the Kabbalah known as the Zohar:

    The Book of Concealed Mystery

    The Greater Holy Assembly

    The Lesser Holy Assembly

    Midrash

    Tales and Maxims from the Midrash

    by Samuel Rapaport [1907]

    Doctrine(s): http://www.religioustolerance.org/judaism.htm

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    i can help u just about islam.1)it began in mecca in saudi arabi now.2)prophet mohammed.3)the holy quran.4)testimony of no god exect allah and mohammed his prophet,prayer,giving alm to the poor people,fasting ramadan,go on pilgrimage(hajj) to the holly qaaba in mecca.believe in allah prophet mohammed,in angels ,all the books(quran ,evengel,pentateuch,zabur),all prophets of allah,the resurrection day,and the destiny good or bad.

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  • 1 decade ago

    You are asking for a term paper of thesis. Do your own homework. There are plenty of sites on the web that can help with this.

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  • 1 decade ago

    Judaism 3000 B.C i think

    Christianity 1 A.D

    ISLAM 610 A.D

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  • 1 decade ago

    Sounds like you are doing a report for school and looking to have some one do your homework for you...

    You learn alot more when you do the research yourself.

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Right around the same time as the discovery of alcohol.

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  • 1 decade ago

    Please refer to the history books of these religion. I knew quite a numbers of them but it is too complicated.

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  • 1 decade ago

    Google search is de answer.

    plus do your own homework- i mean it can't be dat hard, as a matter of fact it isn't.

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  • 1 decade ago

    That's some research to do!!!!! Just do a search on each one....easy!

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  • Sweetie, it would be very simple for you to look each up on Google.

    This is not a "do my homework" section.

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