Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

重音不同,意思就完全變了的單字

請問誰能夠給我一些單字,因為重音標示的位置不同,意思就不相同的單字?

例如 contract (penultimate) 指合約

contract (final syllable)指收縮

謝謝

Update:

謝謝你的回答,一開始沒說清楚,嗯我需要詞性相同的字,譬如說名詞重音換位置 之後意思就不同的單字,不過你的回答還是很有幫助,另外,可以順便給我mininal pair的單字嗎?

Update 2:

To narmourlan:

Your notion is incorrect. When the stress is marked on the first syllable (just like what you said) it only contains 2 syllables" con'trast".

Update 3:

For noun phonology usually says "Penultimate" to distinguish if the word is a long word. the stress, says the quote "For the majority of noun in English,

Update 4:

sress is determined by the nature of PENULTIMATE syllable, or more specifically the nature of the rhyme of the penultimatefrom ".......cited Phonetics &Phonology (p81) 22 03 2008.

Update 5:

又可以打中文了.............如果照你所說的一般名詞在第一音節的話,那請問 a.ppli.ca.tion 四個音節的話,重音如果像你說的在第一音節的話.................你不會覺得很怪嗎?所以,你應該說名詞的重音是在到數第二音節,會在第一音節的情況是這單字只有兩個音節

Update 6:

喔,對呀,我知道很多minimal pair的單字,只不過我目前有7本phonology的書在唸,趕著寫我的兩篇research paper,沒什麼時間去作整理找單字的部份..............先謝了

4 Answers

Rating
  • Lv 4
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Example:

    1. desert (penultimate) n.沙漠

    desert (final syllable) v.遺棄

    2. produce (final syllable) v.生產

    produce (penultimate) n.產品

    3. insert (final syllable) v.插入

    insert (penultimate) n.插入物

    4. permit (final syllable) v.許可

    permit (penultimate) n.許可證

    5. present (penultimate) adj.出席的 / n.禮物

    present (final syllable) v.贈送;呈現;提出

    6. record (penultimate) n.記錄;唱片 / adj.創記錄的

    record (final syllable) v.記錄;錄下

    7. contact (penultimate) n.接觸 / adj.接觸到的

    contact (final syllable) v.與...接觸

    8. conduct (final syllable) v.引領;管理

    conduct (penultimate) n.行為;舉止

    9. conflict (penultimate) n.衝突

    conflict (final syllable) v.予盾;衝突

    10. conserve (penultimate) n.糖漬食品

    conserve (final syllable) v.保存

    11. combine (penultimate) n.集團

    combine (final syllable) v.使結合

    12. construct (penultimate) n.概念

    construct (final syllable) v.建造

    13. content (penultimate) n.內容;含量

    content (final syllable) n.滿足/ adj.滿足的/ v.使滿足

    14. contest (penultimate) n.競爭

    contest (final syllable) v.爭奪;競爭

    15. contrast (penultimate) n.對照

    contrast (final syllable) v.使對照

    16. convert (penultimate) v.皈依者

    convert (final syllable) v.轉換;使皈依;變換

    17. convict (penultimate) n.被定罪的罪犯

    convict (final syllable) v.將...定罪

    18. decrease (penultimate) n.減少

    decrease (final syllable) v.減少

    19. defect (penultimate) n.缺陷

    defect (final syllable) v.叛逃

    20. export (penultimate) n.外銷

    export (final syllable) v.外銷;輸出

    大概就這樣吧...有想到再po上來

    2008-03-22 01:42:43 補充:

    有些是意思改變不大

    但詞性不同

    我也把他打上來了, 你可以參考看看

    2008-03-22 15:51:45 補充:

    minimal pair 的單字其實真的還蠻多的

    Example:

    pen / pan

    pin / bin

    bin / bean

    rot / lot

    park / bark

    hat / had

    kid / bid

    hill / bill

    jean/ bean

    kit / kid

    ball / hall / all

    dull / pull

    made / mad

    made / fade / lade / jade / hade / wade / cade

    2008-03-22 15:52:23 補充:

    example,

    side / wide / ride / tide / bide

    fight / tight / light / right / sight / hight / bight / dight / night / might

    did / bid / fid / lid / mid / kid / rid / gid

    lay / fay / may / way / ray / pay / say / day / gay / hay / jay / cay / bay / nay

    dull / pull / full / null / lull / hull

    high / sigh

    Source(s): my experience, my experience, my experience
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  • Anonymous
    6 years ago

    參考下面的網址看看

    http://phi008780414.pixnet.net/blog

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  • 1 decade ago

    你可以下載翻譯機查

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  • 1 decade ago

    一般當名詞時,重音在第一音節。國人經常混淆唸錯

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