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To determine whether relation between family support and friendship quality would vary by gender or ethnic group membership, multiplicative terms representing the interactions of gender and of ethnicity with family support were entered in the last steps of the regressions, following the procedure recommended by... show more To determine whether relation between family support and friendship quality would vary by gender or ethnic group membership, multiplicative terms representing the interactions of gender and of ethnicity with family support were entered in the last steps of the regressions, following the procedure recommended by Cohen and Cohen (1989). Gender, ethnicity, and number of family members in the network were not related to friendship quality in this analysis, but, as anticipated, family support was a significant predictor of the quality of the child’s relationship with the best friend(beta=.32,r2 change=.06,F change=10.66,p<.01). The interaction terms of Gender X Support and Ethnicity X support were not significant. (For the regression equation as a whole, F (8,176) =2.02,r2 =.08,p<.05). Subsidiary analyses incorporating the amount of support provided by parents, adult relatives, and sibling indicated that both parental support(beta = .20, r2 change =.02,p<.05) and support from nonparental adults (beta =.21,r2 change.02,p<.05) related significantly to friendship quality.

Correlations of overall family support and of support form specific family relations with the different dimensions of the friendship quality measure are presented in Table 2. The overall family support variable was related significantly to all of the dimensions of friendship quality except for conflict/betrayal. Children who reported more support form their families were more likely to report higher levels of validation and caring, help and guidance, companionship and recreation, and intimate exchange in their best friendship relation. They were also likely to report a more positive approach to conflict resolution.
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