Yes. They have lived there since the time of Canaan. Originally the entire area was known as Al-sham and had a very highly developed culture; it still does although much has been destroyed by the zionist occupation. On the "right to exist" thing,yes it does imply that other counries do have a right not to maintain diplomatic relations. Countries that don't recognize the zionist government are accused "refusing to recognize" it's "right to exist' a p.r. man's dream-come-true since it carries the implication that they desire to murder it's entire popluation and that as sovereign states they have no right to decide with whom they wish to develop diplomatic relations. Look at Iran. Zionist propaganda rlentlessly denounces it,it's alleged crime being that it Refuses to Recognize Israel's Right to Exist". Think of the hypocrisy. The zionist don't recognize the Iranian government,either nor have they ever made diplomatic overtures to establish relations. So far as I know neither country wishes to establish diplomatic relations or to recognize the other government. Iran isn't doing anything the zionists aren't doing. Why doesn't "israel" recognize iran's Right to Exist? By the way,it's also loaded terminlogy; it presupposes a right to exist that has merely to be "recognized". But many governments do not have a right to exist - like nazi germany,the ussr,etc. Or "isreal".