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蛋頭
Lv 4
蛋頭 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

be advantages to Ving 是嗎?(20點)

There are a lot of advantages to being a member of the UN.

身為聯合國會員享有很多好處。

我的疑問是為什麼advantages to後面的字為什麼要用being??

是因為那個字是介係詞的關西嗎?? 如果世介係詞的關西,可以麻煩各位大大告訴我如何判斷何時是介係詞,何時又是不定詞‧

感激不盡!!

Update:

P.S 這段文字我是在Taipei Times 裡面看到的

4 Answers

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  • Elisa
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    When to is a preposition(介係詞), it can be followed either by a noun or by the -ing form of the verb:

    •I look forward to our meeting.

    •I look forward to meeting you.

    •He couldn't get used to driving on the other side of the road.

    •He couldn't get used to the new traffic rules.

    •I'm not used to getting up so early.

    •I'm not used to early starts.

    •I'll get round to doing it.

    •I'll get round to it.

    •I object to working overtime with no extra pay.

    •I object to unpaid overtime work.

    http://www.learnenglish.org.uk/grammar/archive/loo...

    Infinitives(不定詞)

    First and foremost, an infinitive is the form of the verb, but it is not a verb. Second, an infinitive can be a noun, an adjective or an adverb. And finally, it is always "to" plus a verb.

    •Supporters of the Internet fail to mention that it contains a lot of trash packaged to look like reliable information.

    =>The subject is SUPPORTERS. The verb is FAIL. The infinitive TO MENTION is the object of the verb. Therefore, it is a noun.

    •The ants have arrived to grab the leftovers from the picnic.

    =>The subject is ANTS. The verb is HAVE ARRIVED. The infinitive TO GRAB is an adverb explaining why or where they have arrived.

    •That attorney has the right to represent you.

    =>The subject is ATTORNEY. The verb is HAS. RIGHT is the object of the verb and the infinitive TO REPRESENT is an adjective telling us what kind of right.

    See reference: http://grammar.uoregon.edu/verbals/infinitive.html

    be infinitive

    Plans and arrangements: to talk about plans and arrangements (in a formal way), especially when they are official.

    •The President is to visit Nigeria next month.

    http://www.learnenglish.org.uk/grammar/archive/be0...

    When “To be” verbs are combined with modal forms in this manner, the construction is called a phrasal modal. Here are some more examples:

    •She is about to apply to several graduate programs.

    •She is going to attend the state university next fall.

    http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/to_be.htm

    Source(s): Myself and grammar websites. Studied English at the age of 11. Tutored English as an Undergrad. A project manager in the US since 1992
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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    在下拙見,本題應該不用去煩惱是不是不定詞還是介系詞。

    advantage 在本句是名詞,to+Ving就是(介+名詞)做修飾語,那麼be a member of the UN.(做一個聯合國會員) ,be改成動名詞being,這樣而已。

    如果改成這樣,就不會有這個問題了吧?

    There are a lot of advantages of being a member of the UN.

    但是兩個of…of放在文章裡,就是醜,唸起來也不順,所以要修辭。

    2008-03-15 06:55:07 補充:

    在下猜想,版大是不是想說,能不能寫成

    There are a lot of advantages to be a member of the UN.

    這裡不定詞當然可以作形容詞,文法上當然OK,但是有個問題。

    請問,是”利益”要成為聯合國會員,還是”人,或國家”成為聯合國會員?

    2008-03-15 06:56:04 補充:

    在下用一個簡單的文法說明,就會很清楚。

    SVC,C補語裡,修飾的對象要正確。

    An architecture is a specialist(X),前是物,後是人。

    An architect is a specialist(O),前後都是人。

    那您會說,後面原句是The country is a member of the UN.,去掉主詞,變be a member of the UN.然後為了要修飾前面的名詞變to be…,這樣,您又回到上面的討論,形容詞的問題,您能說 The smell is white嗎?

    2008-03-15 06:56:53 補充:

    至於您說的,不定詞和介詞怎麼判斷,在下說,有整理有背才能判斷。

    Be used to = be accustomed to = accustom oneself to…這裡的to + Ving

    Take to = like = be addicted to Ving…這裡的to + Ving

    ….還有一大堆。

    在下英文老師曾告知,背好相對上較少的to + Ving,其他的就是 to + V.

    <在下文法不佳,若解釋不周,不吝指教。以上,僅參考。>

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  • 1 decade ago

    介係詞是要用倍的沒辦法判斷!!!

    比如

    i am looking forward to seeing you!

    這個TO就是介係詞!大部分的字都有固定介係詞!只能用背的別無他法!

    according to

    reason for

    due to

    because of

    一堆拉

    Source(s): 文法
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  • 1 decade ago

    because "to" is 介係詞, verb should be Ving.

    but "to +verb" is still 不定詞‧

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