What were the actions of the U.S. Government toward Native Americans from the colonial period until 1890?
- BethSLv 61 decade agoFavorite Answer
1778 Continental Congress made first treaty with Indians (Delawares).
1789 United States Constitution ratified by the states; Indian rights reaffirmed.
1790 Congress enacted first law regulating trade and land sales with Indians.
1803 Louisiana Purchase; Lewis and Clark expedition.
1819 First appropriation ($10,000) to civilize Indians.
1824 Bureau of Indian Affairs established in War Department.
1827 Cherokee Republic, formed in an attempt to avoid forced removal.
1830 Indian Removal Act passed by Congress; legalized removal of all Indians east of Mississippi to lands west of the river.
1832 Chief Justice John Marshall issued opinion that state law does not apply to Indians on tribal lands; position of Commissioner of Indian Affairs established in War Department.
1834 Administrative structure of Bureau of Indian Affairs amplified; Trade and Intercourse Act, including prohibition of sale of intoxicants to Indians and need for a license to travel in Indian land.
1849 Bureau of Indian Affairs shifted to Interior Department.
1861-65 Civil War in United States.
1862 Minnesota Uprising of Sioux; 38 hanged at Mankato.
1870 Grant's Peace Policy continued to 1881; First sum earmarked for federal education of Indians. First Ghost Dance Movement, Prayer to prevent immigration.
1871 Congress passed law putting an end to further treaties with Indians.
1876 Battle of Little Big Horn (Custer). Abbot Martin Marty from Indiana arrived at Standing Rock Reservation; established St. Benedict's Mission.
1877 Chief Joseph and the Nez Perce War.
1878 Congress appropriated first funds for Indian police.
1890 Wounded Knee on the Pine Ridge. Ghost Dance. Last major bloodshed involving Indians and the U.S. Government.