Ken asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請問英文的用法- * - * ----急!

我有一個英文辭彙,

long-held

此為adj - p.p 形式

這樣就是叫做複合名詞是嗎?

是否還有其他形式用法

或者有更好的解釋?

2 Answers

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    這應該稱為"複合形容詞"

    複合形容詞: 由兩種以上的獨立的自所組合而成的生字

    -----------------分為下列幾種型態

    1.名詞+動詞-ing (單數的名詞是此及物動詞的受詞 )

    time-consuming 耗時的

    Compiling a book is a job which consumes time.

    →Compiling a book is a time-consuming job.

    Practice

    Q:I take pity on the boy whose heart is broken.

    A.:I take pity on the heart-breaken boy.

    2.名詞+動詞-en ( 由V-en+by+ N而來,如made by man )

    hand-made. 手製的

    This is a dress which was made by hand.

    →This is a hand-made dress.

    Practice

    The couple sat at a table which was lit by a candle.

    →The couple sat at a candle-lit table.

    3.形容詞+動詞-ing ( 此adj為此型連綴動詞之補語 )

    good-looking 面貌矯好的

    He is a young model who looks good.

    →He is a good-looking young model.

    Practice

    They make fun of the woman who looks ugly.

    →They make fun of the ugly-looking woman.

    4.形容詞+動詞-en

    brown-painted 漆成褐色的

    I like the house which was painted brown.

    →I like the brown-painted house.

    Practice

    A baby who was born new is really cute.

    →A new-born baby is really cute.

    5.副詞+動詞-ing ( 由Vi.+ Adv. 而來,如move fast )

    brightly-shinning 星光閃閃的

    Can you see the star which is shining brightly?

    →Can you see the brightly-shining star?

    Practice

    There is a tornado which is approaching fast.

    →There is a fast-approaching tornado.

    6.副詞+動詞-en ( 由be V-en+ adv. 而來,如 be done well )

    carefully-made 精心製作的

    This is a cake which is made carefully.

    →This is a carefully-made cake.

    Practice

    The job was done well.

    →A well-done job.

    7.形容詞+名詞-ed ( 形容詞+單數名詞 ed )

    kind-hearted 心腸好的

    He is a man with such a kind heart that he will surely help us.

    →He is such a kind-hearted man that he will surely help us.

    Practice

    He is a man who has a bad temper.

    →He is a bad-tempered man.

    8.數量詞+單數名詞 ( 名詞是與時間價值長度有關的數值 )

    ten-minute 十分鐘的

    It is a walk which takes just ten minutes.

    →It is just a ten-minute walk.

    Practice

    We made a journey which took three weeks.

    →We made a three-week journey.

    ----------------------------------------------

  • 1 decade ago

    感謝你的回答

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