Is there a direct connection between celtic gods and nordic mythology?
Looking for connections between celtic and norse mythology, seeing that some of their beliefs are similiar.
- Noddy T (FRASH)Lv 51 decade agoFavorite Answer
This is a much more complex question that it would first appear. The problem with answering it is the definition of "Celt", the Celts originate from the Halstatt culture and migrated into Western Europe taking their culture with them. The term Celtic for the Scottish is incorrect as these people were Picts and Scots, the first being indiginous to Scotland and the latter originating from Ireland coming into Scotland via the Western Isles.
A big problem when likening Gaul or Britain to the Germanic and Norse peoples is that the Gauls and Brittons were Romanised 500 years before the Germanics invaded. When the Saxons and Norse reached Britain the Romano-British had been Christianized in 3rd/4th centuries AD, however they then converted to the new Heathen faiths until this was again Christianized during the 8th and 9th Centuries. Before Christenization the Celts of Britain had been Romanized so many imported gods had been included into their belief system or had replaced existing gods.
It was not until the La Tene period that we have evidence of the "humanization" of the Gods and there we start to see similarities, Wotan/Odhinn is often portrayed wearing horns and carrying a sword and spears, the Celts have a horned god in their sculpture.
Primary sources tell of Druids and temples, such priesthoods or offical buildings are not as evident in Germanic beleifs.
The majority of Celts did not have a written language unlike Picts & Irish Celts (Ogham) or the Germanic/Norse Runes so any evidence of religious belief is that which is documented by the Romans or can be excavated in the form of artifacts.
To fully understand any similarities you must ignore all modern reconstruction of these religions (Druidry, Heathenry and Celtic Reconstruction) and look only at the acrhaeological and primary documentary evidence.
- 1 decade ago
There are a great many of them. Read Myths and Symbols of Pagan Europe by HR Ellis Davidson. She addresses the links and the differences in Celtic and Norse gods, mythology, lore and practice.
The Norse raided Ireland and Scotland for centuries. Orkney islands comes to mind. When the Northmen invaded Ireland they were ctually referred to as People of Thor. It was bound that SOME of it intermingled. Much of it did not how ever.
- 1 decade ago
research comparative mythology.
Truthfully all indo-european religions are conneted. They originate from a single proto-indo-european religion. When the tribes split up they took the religion with them but after thousands of years of isolation they each developed their own forms.
As for Celtic and Norse. Their pantheons share many similarities, such as the roles of the gods. They also share common myths such as the well of knowledge, and the world tree (which is found in indo-european religions from norse to hindu).Source(s): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proto-Indo-European_r... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparative_mythology
- titmanLv 44 years ago
They have been probably handed alongside with racial identities from the Celts who originated contained in the Russian Steppe. Greek myths did the comparable element. They have been handed from the Sumerian, to the Babylonian, to the Hittites to the Greeks. via the time they reached written thoughts in Greece (and western Turkey, as with Homer), they nonetheless carried comparable names and relationships through fact the Sumerian ancestors. (The racial identity of the folk who inhabited Turkey on the time of Troy's golden age grew to become into the comparable as those north of the Black Sea, the Celts. attempting to make a connection with Norse ethnicities may well be impossible. a while between 2200 and 1800 BC, Turkey's Indo Europeans have been overrun and the Hattian race went extinct.)
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- MSBLv 71 decade ago
The connection is that they were heavily influenced by one another having originated from the same region, just like Roman mythology was heavily influenced by Greek mythology.