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Anonymous asked in Education & ReferenceHomework Help · 1 decade ago

hw problem, please!?

Answer the following questions about Ada Byron Lovelace :

1. Ada had a famous father. Who was her father and what was he famous for?

2. Who was Mary Somerville? What role did she play in Ada and Charles Babbage's connection?

3. How has Ada's contribution to programming been honoured?

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  • 1 decade ago
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    Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace (December 10, 1815 London, England – November 27, 1852 Marylebone, London, England [1]), born Augusta Ada Byron, is mainly known for having written a description of Charles Babbage's early mechanical general-purpose computer, the analytical engine. She is also known as the "first programmer".

    [edit] Biography

    Ada was the first legitimate child of the poet Lord Byron and his wife, Annabella (full name Anne Isabella Milbanke). She was named after Byron's half-sister, Augusta Leigh, whose child he was rumoured to have fathered. Ada was born on December 10, 1815, London, England. On January 16, 1816, Annabella left Byron, taking 1-month old Ada with her. On April 21, Byron signed the Deed of Separation and left England for good a few days later.

    Ada never met her younger half-sister, Allegra Byron, daughter of Lord Byron and Claire Clairmont, who died at the age of five in 1822. Ada did have some contact with Elizabeth Medora Leigh, the daughter of Byron's half-sister Augusta Leigh. Ada and Medora were told by Ada's mother that Byron was Medora's father.

    Ada lived with her mother, as is apparent in her father's correspondence concerning her. Lady Byron was also highly interested in mathematics, which dominated her life, even after marriage. Her obsession with rooting out any of the insanity of which she accused Lord Byron was one of the reasons why Annabella taught Ada mathematics at an early age. Ada was privately home schooled in mathematics and science by William Frend, William King and Mary Somerville. One of her later tutors was Augustus De Morgan. An active member of London society, she was a member of the Bluestockings in her youth.

    Ada LovelaceIn 1835 she married William King, 8th Baron King, later 1st Earl of Lovelace. They had three children; Byron born 12 May 1836, Annabella (Lady Anne Blunt) born 22 September 1837 and Ralph Gordon born 2 July 1839. The family lived at Ockham Park, at Ockham, Surrey. Her full name and title for most of her married life was The Right Honourable Augusta Ada, Countess of Lovelace. She is widely known in modern times simply as Ada Lovelace, or by her maiden name, Ada Byron.

    Ada apparently was a hard drinker and gambled heavily. At the time of her death she owed £2000. Additionally, she flirted with other men, and numerous scandals were apparently covered up by her husband.[2]

    She knew and was taught by Mary Somerville, noted researcher and scientific author of the 19th century, who introduced her in turn to Charles Babbage on June 5, 1833. Other acquaintances were Sir David Brewster, Charles Wheatstone, Charles Dickens and Michael Faraday.

    During a nine-month period in 1842–1843, Ada translated Italian mathematician Luigi Menabrea's memoir on Babbage's newest proposed machine, the Analytical Engine. With the article, she appended a set of notes which specified in complete detail a method for calculating Bernoulli numbers with the Engine, recognized by historians as the world's first computer program. Biographers debate the extent of her original contributions, with some holding that the programs were written by Babbage himself. Babbage wrote the following on the subject, in his Passages from the Life of a Philosopher (1846)[3]:

    “ I then suggested that she add some notes to Menabrea's memoir, an idea which was immediately adopted. We discussed together the various illustrations that might be introduced: I suggested several but the selection was entirely her own. So also was the algebraic working out of the different problems, except, indeed, that relating to the numbers of Bernoulli, which I had offered to do to save Lady Lovelace the trouble. This she sent back to me for an amendment, having detected a grave mistake which I had made in the process. ”

    Lovelace's prose also acknowledged some possibilities of the machine which Babbage never published, such as speculating that "the Engine might compose elaborate and scientific pieces of music of any degree of complexity or extent."

    [edit] Interaction with Charles Babbage

    Ada met and corresponded with Charles Babbage on many occasions, including socially and in relation to Babbage's Difference Engine and Analytical Engine. Their relationship was not of a romantic nature.

    Ada was one of the few people who fully understood Babbage's ideas and created a program for the Analytical Engine. Had the Analytical Engine ever actually been built, her program would have been able to calculate a sequence of Bernoulli numbers. Based on this work, Lovelace is now widely credited with being the first computer programmer.

    Babbage was impressed by Ada's intellect and writing skills. He called her "The Enchantress of Numbers". In 1843 he wrote of Ada:[4]

    Forget this world and all its troubles and if possible its multitudinous Charlatans - every thing in short but the Enchantress of Numbers.

    The level of impact of Ada on Babbage's engines are the subject of debate. The debate is difficult to resolve due to Charles Babbage's tendency to not acknowledge (either verbally or in writing) the influence of other people in his work.

    [edit] Death

    Ada Lovelace was bled to death at the age of 36 by her physicians, while trying to cure her uterine cancer.[5] She perished at the same age as her father. She left two sons and a daughter, Lady Anne Blunt, famous in her own right as a traveller in the Middle East and a breeder of Arabian horses, co-founder of the Crabbet Arabian Stud.

    Lovelace was buried next to the father she never knew at the Church of St. Mary Magdalene in Hucknall, Nottingham. Over one hundred years after her death, in 1953, Ada Lovelace's notes on Babbage's Analytical Engine were republished after being forgotten. The engine has now been recognized as an early model for a computer and Ada Lovelace's notes as a description of a computer and software.

    [edit] Influence

    The computer language Ada, created by the U.S. Defense Department, was named after Lovelace. The reference manual for the language was approved on December 10, 1980, Ada's birthday, and the Department of Defense Military Standard for the language, "MIL-STD-1815" was given the number of the year of her birth. In addition Lovelace's image can be seen on the Microsoft product authenticity hologram stickers. Since 1998, the British Computer Society has awarded a medal in her name.[6] and in 2008 initiated an annual competition[7] for women students of computer science

  • 1. Lord Byron, the poet

    2. She was one of her tutors

    3. The computer language Ada, created by the U.S. Defense Department, was named after Lovelace. The reference manual for the language was approved on December 10, 1980, Ada's birthday, and the Department of Defense Military Standard for the language, "MIL-STD-1815" was given the number of the year of her birth. In addition Lovelace's image can be seen on the Microsoft product authenticity hologram stickers. Since 1998, the British Computer Society has awarded a medal in her name.[6] and in 2008 initiated an annual competition[7] for women students of computer science.

  • 4 years ago

    Do NOT put in 9 in the given equation as others have said. P(x) is the equation that gives the population. The first derivative of any equation is generally defined as "the rate of change of the equation". So, you want to take the first derivative of P(x) to get P'(x) (just another notation for the first derivative of P(x)). This is a simple derivative in which the basic power rule applies. After differentiation, you then can put 9 in for x in P'(x) and you'll get the rate of change of the population after 9 months.

  • 1 decade ago

    A simple search on Wikipedia brought up all of the answers you need.

    You are on your own from there. The answers are not that hard to find. Next time, I suggest typing your questions into a search engine before asking someone to do your homework for you.

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