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我急需要Jane Austen 這位作者介紹!要英文和中文~
- SuLv 61 decade agoFavorite Answer
珍奧斯汀（Jane Austen，1775年12月16號—1817年7月18號），又譯簡奥斯丁，係一個英國小說作家，作品有《理性與感性》（Sense and Sensibility），《傲慢與偏見》（Pride and Prejudice），《曼斯菲爾德公園》（Mansfield Park），《愛瑪》（Emma）， Northanger Abbey 同 Persuasion。佢嘅小說裏面有對社會評論、反諷、同埋『自由間接講嘢』（Free indirect speech）寫嘢方式呢啲特色，小說背景係 1811年到1820年間嘅英國鄉郊；筆觸細緻幽默。佢嘅作品好多次俾人拍成電視同電影劇。一般認為佢係最有影響力嘅小說作家之一。佢從冇結婚，41 歲就死咗。
Jane Austen (16 December 1775 – 18 July 1817) was a British novelist whose realism, biting social commentary, and masterful use of free indirect speech, burlesque, and irony have earned her a place as one of the most widely-read and best-loved writers in British literature.
Austen lived her entire life as part of a large and close-knit family located on the lower fringes of English gentry. She was educated primarily by her father and older brothers as well as through her own reading. The steadfast support of her family was critical to Austen's development as a professional writer. Austen's artistic apprenticeship lasted from her teenage years until she was about thirty-five years old. During this period, she wrote three major novels and began a fourth.[b] From 1811 until 1815, with the release of Sense and Sensibility (1811), Pride and Prejudice (1813), Mansfield Park (1814), and Emma (1815), she achieved success as a published writer. She wrote two additional novels, Northanger Abbey (written in 1798 and 1799 and revised later) and Persuasion, both published after her death in 1817, and began a third (eventually titled Sanditon), but died before completing it.
2008-03-10 20:43:00 補充：
Austen's works critique the novels of sensibility of the second half of the eighteenth century and are part of the transition to nineteenth-century realism. Austen's plots, although fundamentally comic,highlight the dependence of women on marriage to secure social standing and economic security.
2008-03-10 20:44:19 補充：
Like Samuel Johnson, one of the strongest influences on her writing, her works are concerned with moral issues.
During her own lifetime, Austen's works brought her little fame and only a few positive reviews. Through the mid-nineteenth century, her novels were admired only by a literary elite.
2008-03-10 20:47:30 補充：
However, the publication of her nephew's A Memoir of the Life of Jane Austen in 1870 made her life and her works visible to a wider public.
2008-03-10 20:48:02 補充：
By the 1940s, Austen was firmly ensconced in academia as a "great English writer" and the second half of the twentieth century saw a proliferation of Austen scholarship, exploring many aspects of her works: artistic, ideological, and historical.
2008-03-10 20:49:03 補充：
Currently, Austen's works are one of the most written-about and debated oeuvres in the academy. In popular culture, a Janeite fan culture has grown up centred on Austen's life, her works, and the various adaptations of them.Source(s): 維基中英文網站, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jane_Austen, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jane_Austen