Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Science & MathematicsBiology · 1 decade ago

Scientific developments/breakthroughs of the 20th Century ?

Do you have any suggestions for some scientific or biological or medical developments and breakthroughs of the 20th century?

I am trying to find primary articles about some of the breakthroughs made in the 20th century. Some I've come up with:

radioactivity (Marie Curie & Co)

the artificial heart (Michael DeBakey)

MRI (Paul Lauterbur)

Please list all others you know so I can search pubmed for some primary articles. Thanks

4 Answers

Relevance
  • Yaybob
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Computers, Insulin and Antibiotics are major ones

    From http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/mma/timeline.html

    1901 Austrian-American Karl Landsteiner describes blood compatibility and rejection (i.e., what happens when a person receives a blood transfusion from another human of either compatible or incompatible blood type), developing the *** system of blood typing. This system classifies the bloods of human beings into A, B, AB, and O groups. Landsteiner receives the 1930 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for this discovery.

    1906 Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins suggests the existence of vitamins and concludes they are essential to health. Receives the 1929 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.

    1907 First successful human blood transfusion using Landsteiner's *** blood typing technique

    1913 Dr. Paul Dudley White becomes one of America's first cardiologists, a doctor specializing in the heart and its functions, and a pioneer in use of the electrocardiograph, exploring its potential as a diagnostic tool.

    1921 Edward Mellanby discovers vitamin D and shows that its absence causes rickets.

    1922I nsulin first used to treat diabetes.

    1923 First vaccine for diphtheria.

    1926 First vaccine for pertussis (whooping cough).

    1927 First vaccine for tuberculosis.

    1927 First vaccine for tetanus.

    1928 Scottish bacteriologist Sir Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin. He shares the 1945 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with Ernst Chain and Sir Howard Florey.

    1935 First vaccine for yellow fever.

    1935 Dr. John H. Gibbon, Jr. , successfully uses a heart-lung machine for extracorporeal circulation of a cat (i.e., all the heart and lung functions are handled by the machine while surgery is performed). Dr. Gibbon uses this method successfully on a human in 1953. It is now commonly used in open heart surgery.

    1937 First vaccine for typhus.

    1937 Bernard Fantus starts the first blood bank at Cook County Hospital in Chicago, using a 2% solution of sodium citrate to preserve the blood. Refrigerated blood lasts ten days.

    1943 Microbiologist Selman A. Waksman discovers the antibiotic streptomycin, later used in the treatment of tuberculosis and other diseases.

    1945 First vaccine for influenza.

    1952 Paul Zoll develops the first cardiac pacemaker to control irregular heartbeat.

    1953 James Watson and Francis Crick at Cambridge University describe the structure of the DNA molecule. Maurice Wilkins and Rosalind Franklin at King's College in London are also studying DNA. (Wilkins in fact shares Franklin's data with Watson and Crick without her knowledge.) Watson, Crick, and Wilkins share the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1962 (Franklin had died and the Nobel Prize only goes to living recipients).

    1954 Dr. Joseph E. Murray performs the first kidney transplant between identical twins.

    1955 Jonas Salk develops the first polio.

    1957 Dr. Willem Kolff and Dr. Tetsuzo Akutzu implant the first artificial heart in a dog. The animal survives 90 minutes.

    1962 First oral polio vaccine (as an alternative to the injected vaccine).

    1964 Firstvaccine for measles.

    1967 First vaccine for mumps.

    1967 South African heart surgeon Dr. Christiaan Barnard

    performs the first human heart transplant.

    1970 First vaccine for rubella.

    1974 First vaccine for chicken pox.

    1977 First vaccine for pneumonia.

    1978 First test-tube baby is born in the U.K.

    1978 First vaccine for meningitis.

    1980 W.H.O. (World Health Organization) announces smallpox is eradicated.

    1981 First vaccine for hepatitis B.

    1982 Dr. William DeVries implants the Jarvik-7 artificial heart into patient Barney Clark. Clark lives 112 days.

    1983 HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is identified.

    1992 First vaccine for hepatitis A.

    1996 Dolly the sheep becomes the first mammal cloned from an adult cell (dies in 2003).

    1998 First vaccine for lyme disease.

  • 6 years ago

    This Site Might Help You.

    RE:

    Scientific developments/breakthroughs of the 20th Century ?

    Do you have any suggestions for some scientific or biological or medical developments and breakthroughs of the 20th century?

    I am trying to find primary articles about some of the breakthroughs made in the 20th century. Some I've come up with:

    radioactivity (Marie Curie & Co)

    the...

    Source(s): scientific developments breakthroughs 20th century: https://tinyurl.im/ir7Al
  • 1 decade ago

    I know your not looking for a critique, but the artificial heart was a failure (and there is a reason it didn't win the noble prize).

    But if you want to know about research that scientists think highly relevant in various fields (including the dance of the honey bee) check out the Noble Prize recipients. Don't forget Einstein won one.

    Then again, most of this research went nowhere other than into text books.

  • speedy
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago

    nope

Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.