小喬 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

[英文]求助高手,研究所考古題的文法測驗,並解釋說明

1.( )Jack was caught ______ on the department store.

(A)stealing (B)steal (C)stole (D)being stolen

2.( )She set new world record in the ______dash.

(A)two-hundred-meters

(B)two-hundred-meters

(C)two-hundreds-meter

(D)two-hundreds-meters

3.( )Neither the students nor the teacher ______ to smoke on campus.

(A)allows (B)is allowed (C)allow (D)have been allowed

4.( )The necklace ______ is worth buying.

(A)I paid 100 dollars for it

(B)which I paid 100 dollars for it

(C)for which I paid 100 dollars

(D)for that I paid 100 dollars

2 Answers

Rating
  • sunny
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1.( )Jack was caught ______ on the department store.

    (A)stealing (B)steal (C)stole (D)being stolen

    答:(A)stealing

    *這是分詞結構的句型=>利用分詞引導的片語,將子句濃縮。本句原為:Jack was caught (since he stole) on the department store. 括號內的字以分詞stealing代換

    譯:傑克因在百貨公司行竊被抓。

    2.( )She set new world record in the ______dash.

    (A)two-hundred-meters

    (B)two-hundred-meters

    (C)two-hundreds-meter

    (D)two-hundreds-meters

    答:(A)two-hundred-meter(這裡應該沒有s)

    *此為複合形容詞=>由數詞+名詞構成形容詞,形容詞是沒有複數形的

    譯:她締造了二百公尺短跑徑賽的世界新紀錄。

    3.( )Neither the students nor the teacher ______ to smoke on campus.

    (A)allows (B)is allowed (C)allow (D)have been allowed

    答:(B)is allowed

    *本句是被動式(beV+pp),而neither...nor...句型的動詞應以最靠近動詞的主詞為主,此句的teacher是單數,故beV為is

    譯:不論學生或老師都不被允許在校園抽菸。

    4.( )The necklace ______ is worth buying.

    (A)I paid 100 dollars for it

    (B)which I paid 100 dollars for it

    (C)for which I paid 100 dollars

    (D)for that I paid 100 dollars

    答:(C)for which I paid 100 dollars

    *本句的先行詞是necklace,關係代名詞用which或that,但前有介系詞for,不可以用that

    譯:我付了一百元的那條項鍊是值得買的。

    Source(s): myself+grammer book
  • 1 decade ago

    1.a

    2.a

    3.c

    4.b

    1.be caught doing sth.

    2.two hundreds meter dash=two-hundred-meters

    3.be allowed "被"允許

    4.which是用來對necklace再加以形容細節

    2008-03-01 17:14:28 補充:

    第二題 ab選項一樣..............

    Source(s): 自己
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