Walson asked in 藝術與人文歷史 · 1 decade ago

資料關於「台灣決議案」 20點

有誰可以提供我關於1955年美國兩院通過的「台灣決議案」(Formosa Resolution)??

包括:決議案的背景、內容、人物

有網站或書籍更好

謝謝各位

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  • 1 decade ago
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    不知提問者英文可不可以通,稍微翻一下,要給我點數感謝我ㄛ ^ ^:

    由於中國解放軍於1954年攻擊金馬,美國國會於1955年1月29日通過台灣決議案,總統艾森豪承諾保護中華民國西太平洋地區,不受中國人民共和國入侵。

    決議案通過之後,美國跟中國人民共和國成功達成協議,停止對中華民國外島的轟炸。也成功地解決台海第一次危機。

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Formosa_Resolution_of...

    Formosa Resolution of 1955

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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    The Formosa Resolution was a bill enacted by the U.S. Congress on January 29, 1955 that established an American commitment to defend Formosa (Taiwan). As a matter of American foreign policy, President Dwight D. Eisenhower promised to protect "territories in the West Pacific under the jurisdiction of the Republic of China" (eg Taiwan) against invasion by the People's Republic of China.[1] The legislation provided the President with the power to intervene if the island was attacked.

    The legislation was prompted, in part, by attacks on the islands of Kinmen and Matsu in the Taiwan Straits by the Chinese People's Liberation Army in 1954. Both islands had been held by the Chinese Nationalists government of the Republic of China led by Chiang Kai-shek, which then also controlled the island of Taiwan.

    Following the enactment of the Formosa Resolution, the People's Republic of China and the United States successfully negotiated an agreement to stop the bombing of the islands in the Taiwan Straits. This peaceful result ended the First Taiwan Strait Crisis.

    Both the House and Senate approved this resolution: 85 to 3 in the Senate and 409 to 3 in the House.

    This resolution expires "when the President shall determine that the peace and security of the area is reasonably assured by international conditions created by action of the United Nations or otherwise, and shall so report to the Congress.".[2]

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