Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Science & MathematicsGeography · 1 decade ago

Panama Canal?

I need info about the Panama Canal: when was it constructed, where is it found, and what is its purpose?

Thanks

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  • 1 decade ago
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    Sorry, but Denali is wrong. The canal was not finished until 1914, just after the outbreak of WWI not in 1907.

    The Panama Canal (Spanish: Canal de Panamá) is a major ship canal that traverses the Isthmus of Panama in Central America, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Construction of the canal was one of the largest and most difficult engineering projects ever undertaken. It has had an enormous impact on shipping between the two oceans, replacing the long and treacherous route via the Drake Passage and Cape Horn at the southernmost tip of South America. A ship sailing from New York to San Francisco via the canal travels 9,500 km (6,000 miles), well under half the 22,500 km (14,000 mi) route around Cape Horn. Although the concept of a canal near Panama dates back to the early 16th century, the first attempt to construct a canal began in 1880 under French leadership. After this attempt failed and saw 22,000 workers die, the project of building a canal was attempted and completed by the United States in Panama in the early 1900s, with the canal opening in 1914. The building of the 77 km (48 mi) canal was plagued by problems, including disease (particularly malaria and yellow fever) and landslides. By the time the canal was completed, a total of 27,500 workers are estimated to have died in the French and U.S. attempts.

    Since opening, the canal has been enormously successful, and continues to be a key conduit for international shipping. Each year more than 14,000 ships pass through the canal, carrying more than 205 million tons of cargo. By 2002 about 800,000 ships had used the canal altogether.

    The canal can accommodate vessels from small private yachts up to fairly large commercial ships. The maximum size of vessel that can use the canal is known as Panamax; an increasing number of modern ships exceed this limit, and are known as post-Panamax vessels. A typical passage through the canal by a cargo ship takes around nine hours. 14,011 vessels passed through in 2005, with a total capacity of 278.8 million tons, making an average of almost 40 vessels per day.

    Source(s): Wikipedia and David McCullough, The Path Between the Seas.
  • 1 decade ago

    Denali is right.

    A quick trivia...

    Panama canal's construction was started by a French Engineer, Ferdinand de Lesseps, who also happened to be the "repairer" or constructor of the modern day Suez Canal found in Egypt. However, he couldn't complete it for a hell lot of reasons(tropical diseases is one of them)

    Then some american businessman tried it and he too failed.

    Then an american army corps engineer was called in who didn't have the option to fail and built it.

    I know this isnt what you asked...but I thought you might wanna know.

  • 1 decade ago

    Constructed: 1904-1907

    Found: Panama (Central America)

    Purpose: Shorten Trade routes from Atlantic to Pacific and avoid the dangerous waters of Terra Del Fuego (Drake Passage and Cape Horn)

    EDIT:

    Actually he's correct, it is 1914, not 1907, but the rest is correct.

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    it's located in Panama

    the ships which needed to sail from Atlantic Ocean to Pacific Ocean don't need anymore to detour all South America's continent to pass at Cape Horn (from the south of chile/argentina=)

    canal Panama is the easyest way.

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  • 1 decade ago

    another neat tip: it was a program started and run by Mr. Teddy Roosevelt, as president, of course.

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