Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文? 文法的問題

請問一下,

1.I dragged my feet to work every day,thinking about when I could retire.

為什麼要用過去式? think為什麼要加ing?

2.I still think working at a restaurant would be the best way to go.

The best way would be to get a job through a friend.

為什麼要用would?

3.If I were your father,I would refrain from being stingy.

If I were a student,I would refrain from cheating.

The best way would be to solve this problem is turn the other cheek.

I still think turning the other cheek would be the best way to go.

2 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1.為什麼要用過去式?

    every day 加上過去式表過去的每天

    用來敘述過去某時間每天發生的事

    因此通常用於簡單式的 every day 亦可加過去式

    文中的意思是

    我每天拖著我的腳去上班 想著我何時能退休

    而這是發生在過去的事

    可能他現在已經退休或不這麼做了

    所以用過去式

    think為什麼要加ing?

    此為分詞用法

    原句應為 I dragged my ... every day, and I thought about ...

    因為這句話連接詞 and 前後各有一個 I 感覺多餘

    所以將相同的主詞 I 省略

    去掉連接詞改以分詞構句

    又 I thought 為主動

    故改為現在分詞 thinking

    可參見文法書

    二三題...

    先看看 would 的用法 :

    1. will的過去式

    2. 在過去式句子中表"過去的未來"

    如 : He said he would go tomorrow.

    3. 置於 will 的位置 表示較 will 委婉的語氣

    如 : That would scarcely be fair. Would you be so kind?

    4. 表過去重複或習慣性的動作

    如 : We would visit Grandma every morning up at the farm.

    5. 表意圖,傾向於...

    如 : Nutritionists would have us all eat whole grains.

    6. 表願望 , 如 : Would he were here! (希望他在這裡---此為對現在假 設語法 指他現在不在這)

    7. 表不確定性

    如 : It would appear that he is guilty.

    8. 用於條件句表選擇或可能

    如 : They would come if they had the fare.

    (如果他有錢他們就會來

    ---對過去假設---表那時他沒給他們錢所以他們現在沒來)

    If the temperature were higher, the water would evaporate.

    (如果溫度高點水就會蒸發

    ---對現在假設---表現在溫度不夠熱所以水沒蒸發)

    9. would have + 過去分詞

    表未達成的意圖 , 及原先想 ... 但沒完成

    如 : I would have saved you some but Jimmy took it all.

    我原本要幫你留些 但吉米把全部都拿走了---所以我沒完成原本要幫你拿的願望

    *would like---想要

    would rather---寧願

    *would 常用於假設語法

    可參考文法書

    像第二題

    I still think working at a restaurant would be the best way to go.

    (我仍認為在餐廳工作是最好的辦法)

    would 表委婉語氣

    或可說是一種不確定中的推測

    下面那句也一樣

    The best way would be to get a job through a friend.

    (最好的方法應該是透過朋友找工作)

    第三題前兩句是假設語法

    If I were your father,I would refrain from being stingy.

    (如果我是你爸,我會克制住,不要那麼小氣---我不是你爸爸---為假設語法,對現在假設,按規定用would表假設與法中的意圖/會...)

    If I were a student,I would refrain from cheating.

    (如果我是學生,我會克制住,不要作弊---我現在不是學生---對現在假設,按規定用would表假設與法中的意圖/會...)

    後兩句同第二題

    P.S.

    The best way would be to solve this problem is turn the other cheek.

    這句寫錯了

    應為

    The best way to solve this problem would be turn the other cheek.

    The best way to solve this problem is turn the other cheek.

    Source(s): dictionary.com\myself
  • T C H
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago

    妳確定是:I dragged my feet to work every day???

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